Metoprolol

 

General English name: Metoprolol

Application: Blood pressure - Angina - Arrhythmia - Heart protection - Thyroid problems - Migraine prevention

 

 

 

 

 

Dosage forms of metoprolol

Metoprolol Drug Information

Dosage and method of taking metoprolol

Contraindications to the use of metoprolol

Metoprolol use during pregnancy and lactation

The effect of metoprolol on driving and working with machines

Metoprolol drug interactions

Special warnings and precautions while taking metoprolol

Side effects of metoprolol

Metoprolol overdose (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of metoprolol

 

 

 

 

 

Dosage forms of metoprolol

Tablet

 

Metoprolol Drug Information

Metoprolol belongs to a group of drugs called beta-blockers. It is prescribed to treat various diseases and affects the heart and blood vessels.

Metoprolol slows heart rate by blocking messages sent from the nerves to the heart. It works by blocking small areas (called beta-adrenergic receptors) of the heart that receive nerve messages. This mechanism causes the heart to beat slower and with less intensity. This process is very useful for reducing the pressure inside the arteries in cases where a person has high blood pressure and prevents abnormal rapid heartbeats (arrhythmias). Because the heart consumes less energy in these conditions, it causes patients with angina to suffer less pain in the chest area. Metoprolol can also be effective in protecting the heart in heart attacks.

Metoprolol is also prescribed to reduce the physical symptoms of anxiety, such as rapid heartbeat and trembling hands and feet. These symptoms can also be seen in hyperthyroidism. Metoprolol rapidly reduces these symptoms. This beta-blocker is also commonly prescribed to prevent migraines. Metoprolol is useful for people who have migraines and other medications have not been suitable for them.

 

Dosage and method of taking metoprolol

Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with metoprolol. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.

The dose and amount of this drug varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. Your doctor may prescribe 1-4 doses of the medicine for you, use your pills as your doctor advised.

Swallow metoprolol tablets with some water.

Try to take this medicine regularly and at certain times of the day.

If you forget to take your daily dose of metoprolol at the scheduled time and remember that the next dose is close to one hour, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.

 

Contraindications to the use of metoprolol

Pay attention to the expiration date of metoprolol and do not take it if your medicine has expired.

Never give metoprolol to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.

Check for drug interactions with metoprolol, and if you are using a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.

 

Metoprolol use during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.

 

The effect of metoprolol on driving and working with machines

Metoprolol may confuse or make you drowsy, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.

 

Metoprolol drug interactions

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Fingolimod may interact with metoprolol.

Some drugs that may affect the elimination of metoprolol from the body and its function include: Specific antidepressants (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine and paroxetine, propafenone, lumefantrine, quinidine, and St. John's wort.

Check labels on all your medications (such as cough and cold medications, dietary supplements, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen). Because they may contain ingredients that increase blood pressure or worsen heart failure. Talk to your pharmacist about taking metoprolol.

 

Special warnings and precautions while taking metoprolol

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking metoprolol:

  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.
  • If you have any respiratory problems or asthma.
  • If you have liver or kidney problems.
  • If you have low blood pressure or poor blood circulation.
  • If you have diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes).
  • If you have a skin problem called psoriasis.
  • If you have a condition related to muscle weakness called myasthenia gravis.
  • If you have been told that you have a slow heartbeat or heart failure (slow and irregular heartbeat).
  • If you have been told that you have chest pain caused by a spasm of the blood vessels of the heart (a condition called angina pectoris).
  • If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
  • If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.

 

Side effects of metoprolol

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Feeling dizzy, drowsy, tired: Lie down if you feel dizzy. These symptoms will improve after a week or two, but if they persist, consult your doctor.

Headache: Ask your pharmacist to prescribe a suitable painkiller.

Feeling sick and upset and stomach ache: Eat simple foods and plenty of water.

Cold fingers and toes, respiratory problems and slow heartbeat

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to metoprolol.

 

Metoprolol overdose (drug poisoning)

Do not take metoprolol more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

If you feel that someone has been poisoned by a drug and you have symptoms such as a very slow heartbeat, severe dizziness, severe weakness, fatigue, difficulty breathing or fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room right away.

 

Storage conditions of metoprolol

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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