Pioglitazone

 

General English name: Pioglitazone

Brand: Actos, Glidipion, Glizofar, Glutazone, Glitoz, Pitoze

Application: Type 2 diabetes

 

 

 

 

Foreign brand:

Iranian brand:

Pharmacological information of pioglitazone

Contraindications to the use of pioglitazone

Drug interaction of pioglitazone

Tips to consider before taking pioglitazone:

Possible side effects of pioglitazone

How to store pioglitazone

 

 

 

 

Foreign brand:

Actus, Glidipion, Glyzofar

 

Iranian brand:

Glutazone, glitose, pituitary

 

Pharmacological information of pioglitazone

Medication Information: Insulin is a hormone that is naturally made in the body by the pancreas. This helps control blood sugar levels. If your body does not make enough insulin to meet its needs, or if it does not use the insulin it makes effectively, a condition called diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus) develops. People with diabetes need treatment to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in their blood; Because good blood sugar control reduces the risk of further complications. Some people can control their blood sugar by making changes to their diet, but for others, medication is prescribed in addition to the change in diet.

Pioglitazone increases the sensitivity of your body cells to insulin (so for the same amount of insulin in the bloodstream, more glucose is absorbed into the cells). Pioglitazone can be used alone but is usually taken with metformin or other anti-diabetic drugs.

 

Contraindications to the use of pioglitazone

  • Pay attention to the expiration date of pioglitazone and do not take it if your medicine has expired.
  • Never give pioglitazone to anyone else, even if you have the same symptoms.
    • Do not take pioglitazone more than the dose prescribed by your doctor. Because you have low blood sugar.
  • Check for pioglitazone drug interactions and be sure to tell your doctor what other medications you are taking.

 

Drug interaction of pioglitazone

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Drugs that may affect the elimination of pioglitazone from the body and its function include gamfibrozil and rifemycins (such as rifampin / rifabutin).

Many medications can affect your blood sugar levels and make it difficult to control your blood sugar. Before you start, stop, or change any medication, talk to your doctor or pharmacist about how to take the medicine (the medicine that works on your blood sugar level). Check your blood sugar levels regularly and consult your doctor if you notice a sudden change in your blood sugar (high or low blood sugar). If you have serious side effects, talk to your doctor about changing your medication dose, exercise program, and diet.

Beta-blockers (such as metoprolol, propranolol, glaucoma eye drops such as thymolol) may prevent heart palpitations, which are commonly felt during hypoglycemia. Other symptoms of low blood sugar, such as dizziness, hunger, or sweating, are not affected by these medications.

 

Tips to consider before taking pioglitazone:

Some medications are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking pioglitazone:

• If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding.

• If you have any kidney disease.

• If you have porphyria (a rare inherited blood disorder).

• If you have a cardiovascular problem.

• If you have a heart problem.

• If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a medicine.

• If you are currently taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor's prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.

 

Possible side effects of pioglitazone

All medications can cause side effects; But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. In case of persistent side effects, the doctor should be informed:

Vision problems, weight gain, pain, cold-like symptoms, chest infections, touch, bloating, increased risk of bone fractures, sleep problems

If you notice any of the side effects listed above, be sure to tell your doctor:

Feeling sick for no apparent reason, abdominal pain, fatigue, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes), blood in the urine or bladder problems such as pain or increased urgency to go to the toilet (this is because in people taking pioglitazone Increase the risk of bladder cancer in them).

If you have a problem with your bladder, talk to your doctor about these symptoms.

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of pioglitazone.

 

How to store pioglitazone

• Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.

• Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.

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