Herpes symptoms


herpes symptoms


If you have experienced painful sores on the corners of your lips, inside your mouth or eyes, or if you or your partner has experienced painful sores on the genitals, we recommend that you read this post. In this article, we are going to talk about the symptoms caused by the herpes virus which includes these painful sores. Before addressing this issue, let's learn a little bit about the family of herpes viruses. What will you read next:


Types of herpes virus

How does the herpes virus cause the disease?

What causes the transmission of herpes simplex type one?

What areas of the body does the herpes virus type one affect?

What are the symptoms of herpes simplex type one?

Symptoms of ocular herpes simplex type one

Herpes simplex virus type two

What causes a person to get herpes simplex virus type 2?

What are the symptoms of herpes simplex type 2?

Characteristics of herpes sores


Herpes family of viruses

Herpes viruses are a large group of disease-causing viruses in humans. A double-stranded DNA forms the gene for these viruses, which is stored and protected inside a protein coat. The peripheral wall of the virus is made up of two layers of fat molecules. This bilayer wall of fat is important for two reasons. First, the herpes virus attaches to cells in the body through this wall. Secondly, the herpes viruses will die at room temperature or by drying out because of their fatty wall. 

Some types of viruses in this family are:

  • Human herpes simplex virus:
  • Human herpes simplex virus type one (cause of oral herpes)
  • Human herpes simplex virus type 2 (common cause of genital herpes)
  • Varicella zoster virus (cause of chickenpox and shingles)
  • Cytomegalovirus (congenital disorders and diseases)
  • Epstein barr virus (monosomic herpesvirus, EBV)
  • Human herpes virus type seven
  • Human herpes virus type eight (cause of Kaposi's sarcoma: overgrowth of blood vessels)

In this article, we will explain the symptoms of the first two viruses of this family, namely herpes simplex virus type one and herpes virus simplex type two.  


How does herpes virus cause a disease?

When these viruses enter the host body, they infect the nerve cells and hide in these cells silently. For the following reasons and stimuli, dormant viruses are awakened and activated in parts of the skin in which the nerve cells are infected:

  • Stress
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Psychological disorders
  • Days close to menstruation 
  • Surgery
  • Weakening of the immune system
  • Malnutrition
  • Strict weight loss diets

Herpes simplex type one, also known as oral herpes, causes painful sores around the mouth and lips, sometimes called cold sores or fever blisters. One the other hand, herpes simplex type two, known as genital herpes, causes painful sores in the genital area and around the anus.

It is interesting to know that today, the cases of genital herpes caused by herpes virus type one are also increasing. Herpes lesions of the lower back are usually thought to be caused by the herpes virus type two. However, as mentioned, the incidence of genital herpes with type one is also increasing.


What causes the transmission of herpes simplex type one?

To transmit this virus, labial and/or cutaneous oral lesions are required. Transmission of the virus happens when:

  • Kissing an infected person
  • Using the toothbrush of an infected person
  • Use of infected food utensils of the infected person (spoon, fork, etc.)
  • Residual food intake of the affected person
  • hand contact with oral secretions of the lips, especially in dentists, which causes painful secreting spots near the fingernails.


What areas of the body does the herpes virus type one attack?

Painful sores in the throat and mouth, labial herpes and corneal and conjunctival involvement are among the signs of this virus. These symptoms are usually known by the following names:

  • Herpes labial
  • Oral herpes
  • Herpes folliculitis
  • Neonatal herpes
  • Herpes Gladiatorum
  • Herpes whitlow
  • Ocular involvement (herpetic keratitis)
  • Brain involvement (herpes encephalitis)
  • Dementia: A group of researchers believe that if people who have just started dementia are given anti-herpes drugs, the risk of developing the dementia is up to ten times less.


What are the symptoms of herpes simplex type one?

  • Blisters in the mouth and lips
  • Tingling sensation in the wound area
  • Itching in the wound
  • Sore mouth when eating

Sometimes herpes simplex type 1 also causes painful blistering sores in the genital area, in which the patient feels pain when urinating. A person with herpes can also experience flu-like symptoms, such as:

  • Fever
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck
  • Feeling tired
  • Headache
  • Decreased appetite


Symptoms of ocular herpes simplex type one:

  • Pain in the eye
  • Eye discharge
  • Gritty feeling in the eyes


Herpes simplex virus type two:

The virus causes genital herpes, which is a sexually transmitted disease.


What causes a person to get herpes simplex virus type 2?

The following people are at risk for this infection:

  • People who have multiple sexual partners
  • Women are more affected than men
  • Those who start having sex at an early ages
  • People with other sexually transmitted diseases are more likely to get genital herpes than a person without STDs.
  • People with weakened immune systems


Note: Pregnant women with genital herpes simplex must be under the supervision of a doctor. Natural delivery that is accompanied by the passage of the baby through the vagina can expose the baby to the herpes virus. These women are more likely to choose cesarean section.


What are the symptoms of herpes simplex type 2?

  • Swelling and enlargement of the groin lymph nodes
  • Small and large blister lesions inside the genitals, vagina, anus or outside and on the surface of the labia, around the penis or anus, etc. Wounds are often clustered with burning and itching feeling around the anus and genitals
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Abnormal urethral discharge in men
  • Pain when urinating
  • Anal pain
  • Pain in the area of anal and genital area


Characteristics of herpes sores

Small, itchy blisters (vesicles), located on a red background of skin or mucus, are the main characteristics of herpes sores which usually appear in clusters. These blisters can rupture and their discharge can come out. They can even bleed slightly. Also, the formation of scabs on the wound is not unexpected. These torn or injured blisters are very prone to becoming infected with skin bacteria and turning into yellow wound. Blisters usually appear two to ten days after a contact with an infected person.





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