scalp ringworm

 

Do you want to know about ringworm and do you or those around you or your child have a fungus on the scalp or a so-called ringworm fungal infection on the scalp and you want to know about this disease? We recommend that you read more.

What is a scalp ring cream?

What are the side effects of scalp fungus?

What are the symptoms of ringworm?

How can it be prevented?

What are the treatments and how does it spread?

We will answer all the above questions in the following.

 

Introduction

What is a ringworm infection of the scalp?

What are the ways to get an infection and ringworm?

Why is fungal infection of the scalp or ringworm infection common in children?

What are the signs and symptoms of scalp dermatophytes or scalp ringworm or tinea capitis infection?

Epidemiology

What are the risk factors?

How is a ringworm infection diagnosed?

What should be done after determining the diagnosis of fungal infection of the scalp?

Treatment

How to prevent ringworm and scalp or fungal infections of the scalp?

 

 

Introduction

When we talk about ringworm infection of the scalp, the term does not mean the presence of worms and parasites in the body. The reason for this naming is that on the scalp of people with the disease, circular parts are formed. These circles have a smooth texture in their center and have raised and prominent edges and have so-called definite margins.

The above characteristics are characteristic of lesions caused by fungal infections, and in fact, ringworm infection in the scalp is caused by fungi called dermatophytes, which can cause alopecia.

 

What is a ringworm infection of the scalp?

In these infections, there are no worms or parasites in the body of the infected person. As we said, the distinguishing feature of these lesions is that they are circular in shape and have prominent edges. Doctors call this disease Tinea capitis.

Fungal infections affect the scalp and hair shaft and cause small, itchy areas that become scaly. In fact, as we said, the fungi that cause this disease are called dermatophytes, which can affect the scalp and hair shaft.

Doctors call scalp ringworm dermatophytosis, a fungus that grows on dead tissue such as hair, nails and outer layers of the skin and is called dermatophyte. Heat and humidity will create an excellent environment for him, which is why these fungal infections will form on the skin in sweaty and moist skin and in the folds of the body that are constantly sweating. Living in crowded places with health Weak causes the disease to start and spread further.

 

What are the ways to get an infection and ringworm?

Contact with carriers and contact with equipment used by carriers:

Dermatophytic infections of the fungus or ringworm are most commonly transmitted through contact with an infected person. Also, if a healthy person uses a shared device with an infected person and uses an infected brush, comb or towel on the infected person, he or she can become infected.

But this will probably not be the case, and ringworm can also be transmitted under the following conditions and cause infection:

When fungi, and spores survive for a long time in items such as brushes, towels, sofas, sheets, pillows, and combs, contact with these items can also transmit them.

The second case is that some people become carriers of the fungus without apparently knowing that they have the disease.

In fact, asymptomatic carriers of the fungus can transmit the infection to a healthy person if they come in contact with healthy people. The asymptomatic vector of the fungus on the skin and hair itself has these fungi, but these fungi do not attack their skin and there are no signs or infections on the skin, so these people have no symptoms but can transmit the infection to a healthy person.

The next case is that sometimes the prevalence of this disease and infection in a family is common in a day care complex, a school, kindergarten or orphanage.

Another way of transmission is through contact with infected animals. Some pets have fungal infections on their skin. They can transmit infections to children and healthy people when they come in contact with them. Therefore, it is better for pets to be under the supervision of a veterinarian and to have regular treatments and examinations about them.

Here I have to say that if your pets are infected with this fungus do not worry because they also have a cure for this infection.

 

Animals that live on farms can be sources of this infection to a healthy person, So if you walk on a farm where infected animals have passed through, and if you touch plants that have been in contact with the infected animal's body, the skin may become infected.

Ringworm fungal infections affect most children, and ringworm is less common in adults.

 

Why is fungal infection of the scalp or ringworm infection common in children?

It is said that this is probably because the natural fat of the scalp increases to some extent after adolescence. Therefore, adults can become somewhat resistant to this fungus due to this increased fat because; This natural scalp fat has properties that make the scalp resistant to the habitat and survival of the fungus.

 

What are the signs and symptoms of scalp dermatophytes or scalp ringworm or tinea capitis infection?

The most common clinical manifestation of this disease is a sign of itching in various parts of the scalp.

At the onset of scalp ringworm, parts of the hair near the scalp will break, and the scalp will become red and flaky. One of the manifestations is that spot baldness is caused by a fungal infection, which may be seen in areas where the hair shaft is broken and blackheads appear above the hair follicles. It is said that if this disorder is not treated, it will progress and be released.

Therefore, the manifestations of this disease include the following:

  • Itchy scalp
  • Fragile hair
  • Pain in the scalp
  • Mild fever
  • As well as swollen lymph nodes

 

Epidemiology

Tina capitis or ringworm infection is the most common Dermatophyte and fungal infection of the scalp, which usually affects children more than adults.

One of the interesting points is that the onset of Tina capitis is completely different in different geographical areas.

Of course, anyone can get this infection, but it is much more common in people with weakened immune systems.

Tina capitis, or ringworm infection, accounts for more than 99% of all fungal infections in children under 10 years of age.

Problems, disorders, and infections are less common in adults and are so-called rare, but statistics show that the infection may recur in the elderly, especially when their immune systems are weakened.

These infections are more common in rural areas and in areas where hygiene is not well observed.

 

What are the risk factors?

The following people are at higher risk for a fungal infection of the scalp or ringworm:

  • People who live in humid areas
  • People who have close contact with an infected person or animal infected with the fungus
  • People who come into contact with and use the infected person's personal belongings, such as clothing, towels, and the infected person's shoulders.
  • People who participate in sports that involve skin-to-skin contact, such as wrestlers
  • People who wear very tight clothes
  • People with weakened immune systems

 

How is a ringworm infection diagnosed?

Sometimes the signs and symptoms are completely indicative of a fungal infection and tina capitis, but in the early stages of the fungal infection, ringworm infection may be confused with other problems.

In the early stages, the symptoms and manifestations may be similar to dandruff and psoriasis of the head. We need to know that fungal infections of the head are one of the reasons that can cause permanent scarring and hair loss.

To diagnose a fungal infection, the doctor will look at the evidence, as well as the skin manifestations and take a detailed history, take a sample of the hair and part of the skin involved, and send it to a reputable lab for testing. People's samples are placed under a microscope and studied. A culture sample is also given to determine if there is a fungal infection.

 

What should be done after determining the diagnosis of fungal infection of the scalp?

Once the disease is confirmed by your doctor, you should do the following:

Items such as pillowcases, scissors, brush, blankets, and brushes that become infected with the fungus's spores must be disinfected with bleach or discarded altogether.

What is the purpose of this work? The goal is to prevent re-infection and to prevent the transmission of the infection to others.

The scalp of children who live together in an orphanage, in a house, in a school or in a boarding school should be checked regularly. If there are signs of scaling and hair loss, it must be treated.

If you have a pet and suspect that your pet is a source of fungal infection, you should see your veterinarian for checkups.

 

treatment

Here are some of the methods that doctors prescribe to treat scalp fungus with ringworm and explain them to some extent.

  • Antifungal drugs

The use of these oral antifungal drugs is to eliminate the fungal infection of the annular scalp. These drugs work very well and can be very effective if used properly. A drug called Grizzifluin has been used for many years as the first treatment option for ringworm infections. Grizzifluin is a drug that is recommended for a period of 8 to 12 weeks.

 

Another drug that is used is called terbinafine. Its use is increasing today instead of the previous drug. Consumers of this drug usually need treatment for a month (about 4 weeks).

 

Completion of treatment courses is very important to completely eliminate scalp fungi.

 

In addition to the above drugs, azole antifungal drugs such as itraconazole and fluconazole are also used.

 

In general, we must say that these drugs are well tolerated and do not have many side effects, but sometimes some people suffer from the side effects of these drugs. There are some people for whom the use of these drugs is strictly prohibited.

Women of childbearing age should not become pregnant one month after taking the drug Grizzifluin and one month after taking it.

Men should also use birth control pills when they take the drug for up to six months, as it can damage sperm. So before taking any medicine, be sure to read its brochure carefully to be aware of side effects and precautions.

  • Antifungal shampoos and creams

In fact, in this category, we want to introduce topical ingredients and topical antifungal drugs to you. These drugs will not completely eliminate the fungal infection because the fungus penetrates your hair shaft where these shampoos and creams cannot reach, so these substances alone can not completely cure the condition. However, using these topical medications will remove the fungus from your skin and hair.

In addition to oral medications, you may also be prescribed topical antifungal shampoos and creams. These shampoos should generally be used twice a week for up to a few weeks. Prescription shampoos kill the fungus on the surface, such as the surface of the hair shaft and the surface of the scalp, and another feature is that the use of these topical medications reduces the risk of transmitting the fungus to other children.

  • Lesion healing and recurrence

Ringworm infections and fungal infections of the scalp are usually treated slowly. A person may stop treatment a month after the first signs of treatment appear. I must say that in these cases, be patient and continue your treatment patiently and use all the prescribed medications for the entire period of time prescribed by your doctor.

Sometimes it is necessary for the doctor to examine and control the infected person for 4 to 6 weeks to make sure that the infection is completely gone. Sometimes the disease becomes difficult to treat, and the person may get the infection more than once. However, the recurrence of the disease stops as the child gets older.

Scalp flaking or permanent spot baldness are usually long-term complications of fungal infections and ringworm. The affected child can return to school and school with proper treatment, but the doctor should be asked about a safe time to return to school.

 

How to prevent ringworm and scalp or fungal infections of the scalp?

Children in particular are the target group of this disease. Warn children about the dangers of using brushes, towels, combs, and personal items shared with others.

Hands should be washed regularly and continuously and the child should observe hygienic standards. Therefore, teaching these cares by parents is very important.

Contact with carriers can be a major cause of infection, and people who are infected but do not show signs of infection are called asymptomatic carriers It is best for family members and individuals, as well as pets who have been in contact with the suspected carrier, to be tested and to confirm or confirm that they have the disease.

 Combs, brushes and any equipment that the infected person has been in contact with should be disinfected with Vitex. Also, towels, hats, personal items, combs and brushes should not be shared with other people

Fungal infections in pets can be difficult to diagnose, but a common sign that pets have the disease are spots and areas on their skin that have lost their hair.

Therefore, avoid keeping animals that have spot or regional baldness in their hair and scalp.

share this content in :
Address: 393 University Avenue,Suite 200,Toronto ON MG5 2M2,CANADA

Email: info@MarsoClinic.com

Phone: 1(647)303 0740

All Rights Reserved � By MarsoClinic

Terms of Use