stomach flu contagious

stomach flu contagious

 

What is Stomach Flow or Viral Gastritis?

What are the symptoms of Stomach Flow?

What are the predisposing factors for Stomach Flow?

Are Stomach Flows or Viral Gastritis Contagious?

If you want to know the answers to the above questions and similar questions, we recommend that you read on.

 

Introduction

Definition of gastric flu

What are the signs and symptoms of stomach flu?

What causes gastric flu?

Rotaviruses

What are the risk factors for viral gastroenteritis or stomach flu?

What are the complications of gastric flu?

Diagnosis

treatment

Treatment of children

How to prevent stomach flu?

 

 

Introduction

There are diseases called gastric flu, which are actually a type of viral disease and are called gastric flu.

Stomach flu is the same as viral gastroenteritis of the stomach and intestines and has nothing to do with respiratory flu.

 

Definition of gastric flu

Stomach flu is quite different from respiratory flu in fact it’s a general term for viral intestinal and gastrointestinal infections. In fact viral gastroenteritis and gastrointestinal infections are characterized by watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting, or both. Sometimes there is a fever.

The most common way that a virus can be transmitted is through contact with someone who is infected and has viral gastroenteritis.

Or through contact with contaminated food, water, and personal items such as cutlery, spoons, plates and glasses.

 

What are the signs and symptoms of stomach flu?

Watery and often non-bloody diarrhea in fact, bloody diarrhea can sometimes occur and is not very common in viral gastroenteritis.

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting , nausea or both
  • Localized pain
  • muscles pain
  • Headache
  • And low-grade fever

 

What causes gastric flu?

There are many factors that can lead to stomach flu. In fact, the most common and main way is for a healthy person to come in contact with an infected person or to use contaminated food and water, or to use a spoon, fork, plate, or sanitary ware.

Viruses often cause stomach flu. In very rare cases, bacteria can cause gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis, despite the unpleasant conditions it creates for patients, most people with a healthy immune system recover on their own within a few days without resorting to special treatments (except drinking plenty of fluids and hydrating).

Symptoms due to viral gastroenteritis can occur two to three days after infection, and these symptoms can be mild to severe.

 

The symptoms of viral gastroenteritis are similar to those of bacterial gastroenteritis and can be easily confused with bacterial diarrhea due to Salmonella, Clostridium difficile and parasitic infections such as Giardia.

In the following, we will talk about the causes of viral gastroenteritis as the most common type of gastric flu.

 

Rotaviruses

Viruses are the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis in children. Children get the disease when they put the infected object in their mouth and point their infected finger at their mouth, and rotavirus causes much more severe symptoms in infants and toddlers.

These viruses may not cause symptoms in adults, but in this case the person can transmit the disease. Vaccines against these viruses are available in some countries.

The next category is neuroviruses, which cause viral gastroenteritis or stomach flu.

The third category is some raw and undercooked seafood that can cause disease. Contaminated water can cause viral diarrhea and viral gastroenteritis. In some cases, the virus is transmitted in such a way that the person has eaten after going to the bathroom without washing their hands.

 

What are the risk factors for viral gastroenteritis or stomach flu?

It can be said that this disease occurs almost all over the world. All people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders can be infected, and the people who are most likely to get the disease are:

 

  • First Division

Toddlers and children cared for in centers such as kindergarden and children attending primary school

These children are very vulnerable because their immune systems are not yet mature.

 

  • The second category

Elderly people; Because the immune system of these people has lost its effectiveness and strength. Elderly people who are kept in centers such as nursing homes are very susceptible to the disease and they are also in contact with other people who may transmit the infection to these elderly people.

Interestingly, each of the viruses that cause stomach flu is more active in certain seasons. For example, a person living in the Northern Hemisphere is more at risk for rotavirus and neurovirus in April and October, and therefore more during these months. Gastrointestinal disorders are prevalent in the northern hemisphere.

 

What are the complications of gastric flu?

The main and most important complication is dehydration of the body and severe dehydration and imbalance of electrolytes and minerals. If you have this disease, drink enough fluids to replace the electrolytes lost due to diarrhea and vomiting.

Infants, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems are severely dehydrated, and drinking fluids alone can compensate for dehydration and replace lost electrolytes. So many of these people need to be carefully examined and hospitalized.

To be able to correct lost fluids and unbalanced electrolytes by intravenous injection. We must say that in some age groups, dehydration can be life threatening.

 

Diagnosis

The disease is characterized by symptoms. Sometimes having a recurrent disease in a community or group helps the doctor diagnose a viral stomach flu. Rapid stool testing can detect rotavirus and neurovirus, but there is no rapid diagnostic test for other pathogenic viruses. Stool tests are sometimes required to rule out bacterial and parasitic infections.

 

treatment

There is no specific drug treatment for viral gastroenteritis and viral gastric flu. Antibiotics can not cure the disease. Even the use of antibiotics in cases where viruses are the cause of the disease is prohibited and their use can cause drug resistance and the development of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Treatment of viral gastric flu involves some individual measures

Consider the following treatment tips:

Follow the tips below to prevent dehydration caused by this viral disease:

  • Avoid solid foods for a while and limit them and consume enough sports and non-caffeinated beverages. Drink often and in small amounts.
  • Avoid foods that cause nausea and vomiting, then eat foods that are easier to digest. Rice, plain chicken and bananas are some of the things that should be included in your diet.
  • Until your illness is cured, it is best to eliminate certain foods such as seasonal salads, fatty foods, caffeinated and heavy products. It is better to rest enough to recover faster because the disease and the virus itself, as well as dehydration, can make you feel weak and tired.
  • Be careful with medications during this illness. Taking ibuprofen and related drugs can cause stomach and gastrointestinal upset. Acetaminophen can also cause problems, especially in children, if used improperly can cause liver toxicity. Aspirin is contraindicated in children and adolescents because it can cause a fatal syndrome called Reye's syndrome.

 

Treatment of children

If you have a child with this disease, pay attention to the following points:

Take care of your child's dehydration and give your child plenty of special fluids, such as headgear or ORS.

These substances are available in pharmacies, but you can also get a prescription from your doctor. Do not give apple juice to your child if he  or  she is dehydrated due to this viral disease because it will aggravate diarrhea.

Another point is that consuming plain water is not enough because plain water is not well absorbed by the body and does not compensate for lost electrolytes.

The patient should slowly return to a normal diet after recovery. It is better to use simple foods that he can tolerate more easily, and it is better to avoid some foods and dairy products and sweet foods such as ice cream, chocolate and candy. It must be ensured that the sufferer gets enough rest.

Avoid taking anti-diarrheal drugs arbitrarily, especially for children, unless prescribed by a doctor.

Because these drugs may make it harder for the body to get rid of the virus that causes the disease. If your baby is sick, give him or her 15 to 20 minutes each time after vomiting and diarrhea, and then give your baby some ORS fluids as directed by your doctor. If you are breastfeeding and your baby is breastfeeding, it is best to continue your breastfeeding routine. If the baby is drinking from a bottle, you can give him the appropriate solutions or powdered milk according to the instructions.

 

How to prevent stomach flu?

The best way to prevent this is to follow these tips:

  • In some countries, there is a vaccine against the existing viruses of this disease. If you live in these countries, it is better to use this vaccine for your child according to the doctor's instructions.
  • Do not share your personal belongings
  • Use separate, personal towels for bathing.
  • When you have a stomach flu, try to keep a good distance from others.
  • Check baby care centers. The room where the diaper is changed should be separate from the room where your baby's food is served.
  • The room for changing diapers should have a ventilation system and remove contaminants in a proper and hygienic way.
  • Another important point is to wash your hands regularly and make sure that the child also has clean hands.
  • Teach your child how to wash their hands properly and tell them that it is very important to wash your hands with soap and water after going to the bathroom and before eating.
  • It is better to use hot water and soap in these cases and rub the hands together for 20 seconds, washing under the nails is very important when washing hands.
  • In cases where it is not possible to wash with soap and water, it is better to use disinfectant solutions.
  • If someone in your home has the disease, it is best to disinfect surfaces such as handles. Sanitary ware, toilets and bathrooms should also be regularly disinfected to prevent the spread of the virus.
  • Another important point is that many people get sick when they travel to consume contaminated food or water. So pay attention to the following points when traveling
  • Use only sealed mineral water
  • Do not eat raw foods such as salads, raw vegetables that may have been in contact with infected people.
  • Avoid undercooked meat, fish and poultry
  • Be sure to use mineral water for brushing
  • Avoid ice cubes as the ice may have been stored and produced in a contaminated area.

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Address: 393 University Avenue,Suite 200,Toronto ON MG5 2M2,CANADA

Email: info@MarsoClinic.com

Phone: +1(647)303 0740

All Rights Reserved © By MarsoClinic

Terms of Use