General English name: Adenosine
Brand: Adenocard, Adenoscan
Application: Arrhythmia treatment (irregular heartbeat)
Pharmaceutical forms of adenosine
Adenosine Drug Information
Adenosine is prescribed to treat some types of arrhythmia (abnormal heartbeat). It acts as an antiarrhythmic by stimulating adenosine 1A receptors, reducing the rate of conduction through the ventricular node. It also stimulates peripheral and coronary arteries by stimulating adenosine 2A receptors. Adenosine is also prescribed for exercise testing or cardiac stress testing
Dosage and method of taking adenosine
Read the package leaflet carefully before starting adenosine treatment. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
The dose and amount of adenosine varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. It is usually given intravenously.
Try to take your doses at the same time each day and at the regular hour.
If you forget to take your dose at the right time, call your doctor for advice.
Note the expiration date of the adenosine medicine and do not take it if the medicine you are taking has expired.
Never give adenosine to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
Check for adenosine drug interactions, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Avoid caffeine and chocolate while taking this medicine
Adenosine use during pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.
The effect of adenosine on driving and working with machines
Adenosine may cause dizziness, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.
Adenosine drug interactions
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
If you use caffeine-containing drugs such as aminophylline, dipyridamole, and theophylline, these drugs may affect the function of adenosine. Talk to your doctor about taking these medications with adenosine.
Special warnings and precautions while taking adenosine
Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is better for your doctor to be aware of the following before and while taking this medicine
- If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
- If you have a certain type of chest pain (unstable angina).
- If you have asthma or other respiratory problems such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
- If you develop allergy symptoms (itching, shortness of breath, fatigue, coughing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat) while taking the medicine.
- Check your heart rate and blood pressure regularly while taking this medicine.
- If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of allergic reactions to adenosine or any other medicine.
Side effects of adenosine
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
Side effects that you should see a doctor as soon as they occur:
Symptoms of an allergic reaction: rash, itchy skin, redness, swelling, fever, fatigue, sore throat or swelling, swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue or throat
Symptoms of high or low blood pressure: headache, dizziness, fainting, changes in vision
Weakness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or thinking, change in balance, drooping on one side of the face or blurred vision
Chest pain or pressure
Fast or slow heartbeat
Abnormal heart rate
Shortness of breath
Jaw, throat or neck pain
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to adenosine use.
Adenosine overdose (drug poisoning)
Do not take more adenosine than your doctor prescribes.
If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.
Storage conditions of adenosine
Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.
Ask your nurse and doctor about the details of the storage conditions of this medicine