General English name: Albumin
Brand: Albuked 25, Albuked 5, Albumin-ZLB, Albuminar-25, Albuminar-5, AlbuRx, Albutein, Buminate, Flexbumin, Human Albumin Grifols, Kedbumin, Plasbumin-25, Plasbumin-5
Application: Treatment of low albumin and anemia
Pharmaceutical forms of albumin
Albumin drug information
Albumin is a protein produced by the liver that circulates in the plasma (the clear fluid part of the blood). Albumin is made from human blood plasma proteins and increases plasma volume or blood albumin levels.
Albumin is prescribed to replace blood and treat low blood pressure for patients with conditions such as trauma, severe burns, or injury that causes blood loss. It is also used to treat low albumin levels due to surgery, dialysis, abdominal infections, liver failure, pancreatitis, respiratory distress, bypass surgery, ovarian problems caused by fertility drugs and other diseases.
Dosage and method of taking albumin
Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with albumin. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
The dose and amount of albumin varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. It is usually given intravenously. The dose of albumin varies according to the patient’s condition and age:
Albumin 5%: Initial treatment is started with 250 or 500 ml intravenous infusion at a rate of 1 to 2 ml per minute, and if there is no proper response within 15-30 minutes, this amount can be repeated.
Albumin 25%: The initial treatment of the patient may be 200-300 ml intravenously to bring the serum protein volume to normal. Because patients usually have a near-normal blood volume, more than 100 ml of 25% albumin should not be faster than 100 ml of intravenous infusion over 30-45 minutes to prevent an increase in circulating blood volume. If slower administration is desired, 200 ml of 25% albumin is mixed with 300 ml of 10% dextrose solution and continuous intravenous infusion is performed at a rate of 100 ml per hour.
For children: Initial treatment with 6.8-4.5 ml of 5% albumin per kilogram of body weight is given as an intravenous infusion and the child should be closely monitored.
Try to take your doses at the same time each day and at the regular hour.
If you forget to take your dose at the right time, call your doctor for advice.
Contraindications to albumin
Pay attention to the expiration date of the albumin medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.
Never give this medicine to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
Check for albumin drug interactions, and if you are using a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Albumin consumption during pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.
The effect of albumin on driving and working with machines
Albumin may cause dizziness or blurred vision, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.
Albumin drug interactions
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Special warnings and precautions while taking albumin
Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before and while taking this medicine:
- If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
- If you have severe anemia.
- If you have heart disease, high blood pressure, or severe heart failure.
- If you have bleeding or a blood clotting disorder such as hemophilia.
- If you have lung problems.
- If you have kidney problems.
- If you have difficulty urinating.
- If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.
Side effects of albumin
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
Hypersensitivity reaction (anaphylaxis)
Rapid heart rate (tachycardia)
Low blood pressure
Important Note: If you have any of the following symptoms, see your doctor immediately:
Poor or shallow breathing
Headache, palpitations, blurred vision, tinnitus
Anxiety, confusion, sweating
Cough with mucus, chest pain and rapid or unpleasant heartbeat
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of this medicine.
Excessive use of albumin (drug poisoning)
Do not take more albumin than your doctor prescribes.
If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.
Storage conditions of albumin
Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.
Ask your nurse and doctor about the details of the storage conditions of this medicine.