General English name: Allopurinol
Application: prevention of gout attacks; To reduce high blood uric acid levels caused by some types of kidney stones and cancer treatment
Allopurinol Drug Information
Medication Information: Gout causes painful inflammatory attacks in one or more joints. Gout is caused by a natural chemical in the blood called uric acid (urate). As the level of uric acid in the blood rises too high, crystalline patches may form in the blood that usually accumulate in the joints and tendons. These crystals irritate the joint tissues and cause inflammation, swelling and pain. If you have ever had a number of gout attacks, your doctor will recommend that you take an allopurinol tablet daily to prevent further attacks.
Allopurinol is a drug that is often prescribed for these cases. Allopurinol helps prevent gout attacks and lowers uric acid levels in the blood. Of course, allopurinol is not a painkiller and has no effect during a gout attack, so you also need a pain reliever during a gout attack. In this case, your doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory painkillers or colchicine with allopurinol.
Allopurinol also helps lower uric acid levels in some other conditions. In fact, this drug is used in diseases such as some types of kidney stones and in the treatment of some cancers, which in these diseases works by reducing the level of uric acid in the blood.
Contraindications to Allopurinol
Pay attention to the expiration date of the medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.
Never give the medicine to anyone else, even if you have the same symptoms.
Pay attention to drug interactions, and be sure to tell your doctor if you are taking other medications so that your medications do not interact with each other.
Drug interaction with Allopurinol
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. A list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter medicines and herbal products) you use, especially medicines such as asthma-specific medicines (aminophylline), theophylline, azathioprine, “blood thinner” For example, warfarin, chlorpropamide, cyclosporine, mercaptopurine, “water pills or diuretics” (for example, thiazide diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide and hydrochloride) And share with your pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Allopurinol should not be used with didanosine because very serious side effects may occur. If you are currently taking didanosine, consult your doctor or pharmacist before taking allopurinol.
Tips to consider before takingAllopurinol
Some medications are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking allopurinol:
- If you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
- If you have any liver disease or kidney problems.
- If you are currently taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.
Possible side effects ofAllopurinol
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. The following should be reported to the physician if the following complication becomes severe and widespread:
Skin rash (this can happen at any time during allopurinol treatment)
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to medication.
How to store Allopurinol
Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.
Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.