General English name: Arginine
Application: Cardiovascular disease – Hypertension – Angina – Dementia – Erectile dysfunction (ED) – Altitude sickness – Diabetes – Diabetic nerve pain – Respiratory tract infection – Male infertility – Kidney disease – Head and neck cancer – Obesity – Poly ovarian syndrome Cystic
Pharmaceutical forms of arginine
Pills – Intravenous injection – Cream
Arginine Medication Information
Arginine is an “amino acid” obtained from the diet and is essential for the production of protein in the body. L-Arginine is found in red meat, poultry, fish and dairy products. This amino acid is also made in the laboratory and marketed as a medicine for human consumption.
L-arginine is converted in the body to a chemical called nitric oxide. Nitric oxide creates blood vessels to improve blood flow, secrete growth hormone, insulin and other body substances.
Arginine is used for cardiovascular diseases such as congestive heart failure (CHF), chest pain, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart surgery, recovery after heart transplantation, heart attack and coronary artery disease. It is also used for recurrent leg pain due to blocked arteries, dementia in the elderly, erectile dysfunction (ED), altitude sickness, nitrate tolerance, diabetes, diabetic nerve pain, respiratory tract infection, male stress and infertility, kidney disease, tuberculosis, Head and neck cancer, obesity, ovarian disease (polycystic ovary syndrome) are also prescribed.
Some people use L-arginine to prevent colds, improve kidney function after a kidney transplant, high blood pressure during pregnancy, improve athletic performance, strengthen the immune system, and prevent inflammation and death of gastrointestinal tissue in premature infants (necrotizing enterocolitis). ) And prevent the growth of the baby in the womb.
Arginine is prescribed in combination with a number of over-the-counter medications for various ailments. For example, L-arginine with ibuprofen for migraine headaches, with conventional chemotherapy drugs for breast cancer, with other amino acids for weight loss treatment in people with AIDS, and with fish oil and other supplements to reduce infection, wound healing. And reduce recovery time after surgery is used.
Some people apply arginine cream to the skin to heal wounds. It is also used to treat sexual problems in both men and women. Arginine is also used for tooth decay and allergies.
Finally, intravenous arginine is also indicated for the treatment of leg pain due to arterial occlusion, peripheral artery disease, chest pain due to stomach problems, metabolic acidosis, and pulmonary hypertension in infants.
Dosage and method of taking arginine
Read the package leaflet carefully before starting arginine treatment. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
The dose and amount of arginine varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. It is usually given orally and intravenously; Of course, the prescribed dose of arginine varies depending on the type of disease:
For chest pain with coronary artery disease: 3-6 grams three times a day for up to a month.
To prevent the loss of the effect of nitroglycerin in relieving pain in people with chest pain caused by coronary artery disease (angina pectoris): 700 mg four times a day.
For organic erectile dysfunction: 5 grams per day (low doses may not be effective).
For high blood pressure: 24-4 grams per day for 24 weeks.
To prevent gastrointestinal inflammation in premature infants: 261 mg per kg of infant weight in the first 28 days of life.
To reduce pain when walking in people with peripheral arterial disease: 6 grams to 8 weeks.
To prevent high blood pressure during pregnancy: 3 grams per day for 3 weeks.
To reduce pain when walking in people with peripheral arterial disease: 6 g to 8 weeks by intravenous injection
Try to take your doses at the same time each day and at the regular hour.
If you forget to take your dose at the right time, call your doctor for advice. Keep in mind that you should not take two doses of the drug together because of the missed dose.
Pay attention to the expiration date of the arginine medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.
Never give arginine to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
Check for drug interactions with arginine, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Arginine consumption during pregnancy and lactation
Oral arginine is probably safe for short periods of time during pregnancy and lactation; There is not enough information available on the long-term use of L-arginine during pregnancy or lactation and you should consult your doctor; It is best to avoid long-term use of this drug during pregnancy to be more sure
The effect of arginine on driving and working with machines
Arginine is unlikely to cause drowsiness, but make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.
Arginine drug interactions
Drug interactions may alter the performance of drugs and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Arginine appears to lower blood pressure; Therefore, taking L-arginine with high blood pressure medications is not recommended because it can lower your blood pressure. Some high blood pressure medications include: captopril, enalapril, losartan, valsartan, diltiazem, amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide.
Because L-arginine lowers blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes; If you are taking other diabetes medications, you may need to adjust the dose to prevent hypoglycemia. Some diabetes medications include insulin, chlorpropamide, glipizide, tolubatide (orinase), metformin, and others.
ACE inhibitors and water pills (such as amiloride and sprinolactone) can increase potassium levels. L-arginine may also increase potassium levels. Taking arginine with ACE inhibitors and water pills may increase potassium levels. Some ACE inhibitors include benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fusinopril, lisinopril, moxipril, quinapril, ramipril, and trandolapril.
Concomitant use of sildenafil and arginine may cause severe hypotension, and low blood pressure may be associated with dizziness and other side effects.
L-arginine is not recommended in combination with drugs that can reduce blood clotting.
Special warnings and precautions while taking arginine
Some medications cannot be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before and while taking this medicine:
Side effects of arginine
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
Abdominal pain, inflammation, diarrhea, gout, blood disorders, allergies, airway inflammation, asthma and low blood pressure
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to arginine use.
Overdose of arginine (drug poisoning)
Do not take more arginine than your doctor prescribes.
If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.
Storage conditions of arginine
Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.
- If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
- If you have asthma or allergies.
- If you have cardiovascular problems.
- If your blood pressure is low.
- If you have recently had a heart attack.
- If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.