Lyme disease, which is called Lyme borreliosis in medicine, begins with the entry of borrelia bacterium following a tick bite. A person with Lyme disease, in addition to early symptoms, will later be exposed to disorders and problems.
In this article, we will introduce you to the Chronic Lyme disease treatment protocol
What is Lyme disease and how does it occur?
Another name for Lyme disease is Lyme borrelisis. The infectious agent that causes this disease is a bacterium called Borrelia. The subspecies of this bacterium enter the human body in different countries through a tick bite (called a beer tick).
Who is at risk for Lyme disease?
People who spend their time in meadows and forests for any reason are exposed to the tick bite that causes this infectious disease.
So if you also have symptoms similar to what we will describe below after sightseeing or overnight stay in nature, be sure to see a doctor.
What are the symptoms of Lyme disease?
If you are one of the patients with this disease, we must say that the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease are very various. At each stage of Lyme disease, you will see certain symptoms:
- Symptoms in the early stages of Lyme disease:
At the site of the tick bite, a small red bump (similar to a mosquito bite) develops. These small lesions heal within a few days, be aware that the lesion itself is not a Lyme disease.
One month after the tick bite incident, the following symptoms appear:
- Skin rash:
According to reliable references, three to thirty days after the bite of a tick carrying Borrelia bacteria, a skin rash that is characteristic of Lyme disease develops. This rash is painless and itchy and may only be warm to the touch.
The shape of this rash is very special and diagnostic, so that you notice redness spread on your skin that sometimes in the middle is not as red as the edges; this lesion may become very large in a few days and reach a diameter about thirty centimeters.
This red skin rash that is both large and light in the middle is called Bull’s eye.This rash, also called Erythema migrant, does not occur in all people with Lyme disease, but if it does occur in a person, it will be a hallmark of Lyme.
Other symptoms after one month include:
- Fever with chills or without it
- lethargy and boredom
- Headache and body aches
- Swollen lymph nodes
- And sometimes neck stiffness
- Late symptoms of Lyme disease:
The person may have the following problems within weeks or months after the onset and onset of early symptoms:
- (Erythema migraine migrates early and occurs elsewhere in the body ) ???!!!!!!???
- Joint pain
- Neurological disorders and problems:
- Bell facial paralysis (half facial paralysis)
- Weakness and numbness in the limbs
- Problems moving the muscles of the arms and legs
- Chronic Lyme Symptoms:
In the long run, Lyme can be associated with the following side effects and problems in some people:
- Heart problems
- Cardiac arrhythmias (heart rhythm disorders)
- Liver problems
- Inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
- Vision problems:
- Inflammation of the eye
Complications of Lyme disease
If Lyme disease is not treated at the right time and in the right way, the following complications will be waiting for the affected person:
- Neurological problems:
Such as weakness and numbness of the limbs or unilateral facial paralysis (Bell’s palsy)
- Cognitive problems:
- Cardiac arrhythmias
- Arthritis: (inflammation, pain and swelling of the joints, especially the knee joint)
- At this stage, the patient usually suffers from excessive and debilitating fatigue
How is Lyme detected?
If there are specific symptoms of Lyme disease such as Erythema migrans, the diagnosis will be easier
However, many people with Lyme disease do not have this rash and they have symptoms that overlap with other diseases, such as fever, chills and fatigue, body aches and headaches, and joint pain and swelling in other patients, and Lyme cannot be diagnosed with these symptoms alone. If you have the nonspecific symptoms listed above and your doctor suspects
If you have the nonspecific symptoms listed above and your doctor suspects Lyme after taking an accurate history, such as information about your stay in a forest camp, he or she will use laboratory tests to confirm Lyme’s illness. Lyme diagnostic tests include:
- Elisa test:
If the ELISA test is positive, a test called Western blot test is used to confirm its accuracy. With early diagnosis and the use of correct treatment protocols for Lyme disease, recovery will be faster and more complete.
Chronic Lyme disease treatment protocol
Antibiotics are the basis of treatment for Lyme disease. The use of antibiotics in Lyme treatment protocol is:
- Oral antibiotics:
Oral antibiotics are standard treatment for the early stages of Lyme disease. Effective antibiotics include:
- Doxycycline: For children older than eight years old and adults
- Amoxicillin: For children under eight years old and pregnant or lactating women
Although some studies have suggested that ten to fourteen days of treatment is sufficient, the standard length of treatment for Lyme disease with oral antibiotics is said to be fourteen to twenty-one days.
- Intravenous antibiotic therapy:
If a person with Lyme disease has symptoms and problems with the nervous system, antibiotic treatment with an intravenous injection is usually recommended for fourteen to twenty-eight days. The length of treatment depends on the patient’s response to treatment and recovery.
You may seek antibiotic treatment for complications such as diarrhea, etc. When the treatment period is complete, most people with Lyme disease will recover. But there is a small group that even after complete and correct treatment, their body may remain in pain and fatigue. The problem of this group of patients is called Post treatment Lyme disease, the cause of this problem is unknown and unfortunately continuing antibiotic treatment will not be useful. Antibiotics are the only approved and standard treatment for chronic Lyme; other alternative therapies used in different communities have not been approved and may have serious side effects.
Therefore, to receive the correct treatment protocol for chronic Lyme disease, only seek the advice of a specialist doctor and do not forget that starting and performing !! the approved treatment protocol for Lyme will speed up your recovery.
To prevent Lyme disease; Follow these tips:
- If you plan to camp and stay in the woods or meadows, cover your body and face
- If your pets are playing in the meadows and suspicious areas, they should be washed before entering the house. Because they may bring the tick carrying Lyme into the house between their wool and hair
- if you see a tick on your skin, remove it from your skin as soon as possible
- If you return from a walk in the meadows, be sure to look for your body and clothing and your children’s clothing to find ticks.