General English name: Clobazam
Brand: Frisium®, Perizam®, Tapclob
Application: seizures – epilepsy
Pharmacological forms of clobazam
- Tablets, liquid medicine (syrup)
Clobazam Drug Information
Clobazam belongs to a group of antiepileptic and anticonvulsant drugs that are prescribed for adults and children. Seizures occur due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. These abnormal electrical activities in turn cause seizure symptoms. Because different parts of the brain control different parts of the body. So which part of the body has a seizure depends on the area where the abnormal activity occurs. Sometimes a seizure can affect the whole brain and body, which is called a secondary seizure.
Clobazam is one of the most common drugs used to prevent seizures. This drug normalizes the electrical activity of the brain and reduces the symptoms of seizures by reducing abnormal electrical changes in the brain.
Dosage and method of taking clobazam
- Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with clobazam. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
- The dose and amount of clobazam varies from person to person depending on the disease; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.
- Your doctor will advise you to start taking clobazam at a lower dose in the first week and then increase the dose over time so that your body gets used to the medicine over time.
- You can take clobazam with or without food. Swallow clobazam tablets with water and use a syringe to take the oral medication to use the dose correctly.
- If you forget to take your daily dose at the right time, take it whenever you can; If you do not remember to take your medicine until the next dose, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.
Contraindications to clobazam
- Note the expiration date of clobazam and do not take it if it has expired.
- Never give clobazam to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
- Check for drug interactions, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this medication, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Clobazam during pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.
The effect of clobazam on driving and working with machines
This medicine will make you drowsy, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery. Also, people with epilepsy should not drive until their treatment is complete. The doctor informs the patient when he can start driving again; This time is usually after a year without seizures.
Clobazam drug interactions
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Clobazam may interact with Orlistat and Sodium Oxibate, do not use these two medicines without consulting your doctor.
Other drugs can affect the removal and function of clobazam. These drugs include: fluconazole, fluvoxamine
If you are taking medicines that cause drowsiness, tell your doctor or pharmacist, including: alcohol, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping pills or anxiety medications (such as alprazolam) (alprazolam) , Diazepam, zolpidem, muscle relaxants, and analgesics and analgesics (such as codeine and hydrocodone).
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or cough and cold medicines) because some of them contain substances that cause drowsiness or increase the risk of bleeding. Ask your doctor about using them so you can use them safely.
Clobazam may reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills. This can lead to pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about a reliable method of birth control and use an effective method (latex condom or polyurethane) to control pregnancy throughout your sexual activity. Talk to your doctor if you have severe spotting or bleeding, as this may be a sign that your hormonal pregnancy control is not working well.
Special warnings and precautions while taking clobazam
- Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best to let your doctor know the following before taking the medicine:
- If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
- If you have any liver or kidney problems.
- If you have trouble breathing.
- If you have a history of any mental health problems such as schizophrenia.
- If you have ever been addicted to drugs or alcohol.
- If you have a disease such as myasthenia gravis that has caused muscle weakness in you.
- If you have been told that you have spinal or bone marrow ataxia. These conditions make it difficult to control movement (difficulty speaking and fast eye movements).
- If you have a heart problem.
- If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.
Side effects of clobazam
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
- Drowsiness, weakness, confusion and dizziness: Avoid driving and working with tools.
- Violence (especially in children): Tell your doctor about this problem.
- Feeling unstable, poor coordination, unusual eye movements, forgetfulness or confusion: Consult your doctor if any of these are bothersome.
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to clobazam.
Overuse of clobazam (drug poisoning)
- Do not take clobazam more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.
- If you feel that a person has drug poisoning and symptoms such as confusion, weakness, severe drowsiness, dizziness, slow and shallow breathing, loss of consciousness, slow reactions, shortness of breath or fainting (fainting) You see, call the emergency room right away.
Storage conditions of clobazam
- Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
- Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.
- Clobazam syrup or suspension can be used only 28 days after opening and you should discard the medicine after this period.