General English name: Clonazepam
Application: insomnia – epilepsy
Clonazepam Pharmaceutical Forms
- Pills, syrup
Clonazepam Drug Information
Clonazepam is a class of benzodiazepines that are prescribed for a short time to relieve symptoms of anxiety or sleep problems. Clonazepam affects the function of neurotransmitters (responsible for transmitting messages to brain cells), has a calming effect, and helps relax muscles (restful sleep).
Clonazepam is also used to treat seizures caused by epilepsy; A seizure is a transient condition caused by electrical changes in the brain. This electrical activity occurs in a small part of the brain; Therefore, the symptoms that occur occur regionally. Clonazepam helps control seizure symptoms and reduces the number of seizures in epilepsy by reducing abnormal electrical changes in the brain.
Dosage and method of taking clonazepam
- Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with clonazepam. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
- The dose and amount of medicine varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. The drug is sold in the form of tablets (in different doses) and syrups in pharmacies; When buying medicine, you should pay attention to what dose and what kind of medicine your doctor has prescribed for you.
- Your doctor will usually start treatment with a lower dose of medication and then increase the dose for you.
- Clonazepam can be taken with or without food; Never chew the medicine, swallow it with water.
- If you forget to take your daily dose at the right time but soon forget, take the medicine; But if you remember when the next dose is near the hour, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.
Contraindications to clonazepam
- Note the expiration date of clonazepam and do not take it if it has expired.
- Never give clonazepam to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
- Check for drug interactions with clonazepam, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Clonazepam during pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.
The effect of clonazepam on driving and working with machines
Clonazepam can make you feel lethargic, confused, or drowsy. Make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.
Clonazepam drug interactions
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Some medications that may interact with clonazepam include orlistat
The specific medications listed below can increase the risk of side effects from clonazepam (such as shortness of breath, severe drowsiness, and dizziness) if you take medications such as alcohol, sleeping pills, or anti-anxiety medications (such as alprazolam). Diazepam, zolpidem, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine, anticonvulsants (carbamazepine), barbiturates, phenobarb (phen) Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking psychotropics (eg, phenothiazines such as chlorpromazine), muscle relaxants, and painkillers (such as codeine).
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or cough and cold medicines) because some of them are made up of substances that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist how to use them so that you can use them safely.
Special warnings and precautions while taking clonazepam
Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking clonazepam:
- If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
- If you have any liver or kidney problems.
- If you have ataxia (disorder or irregularity of muscle movements).
- If you have any breathing problems.
- If you have mental health problems such as psychosis, depression, obsession, fear and personality disorder.
- If you have a drug or alcohol addiction.
- If you have myasthenia gravis.
- If you have porphyria.
- If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to another medicine.
Side effects of clonazepam
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
- Feeling drowsy and dizzy: In this case, avoid driving and working with machines.
- Feeling unstable, poor coordination, unusual eye movements, forgetfulness or confusion: Consult your doctor if any of these symptoms bother you.
- In children, this medicine may increase the saliva of the mouth and therefore cause them to cough.
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to clonazepam.
Overdose of clonazepam (drug poisoning)
- Do not take clonazepam more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.
- If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as severe dizziness, severe drowsiness, seizures, shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.
Storage conditions of clonazepam
- Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
- Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.