Do you or those around you suffer from ovarian cysts?
Has the problem of ovarian cysts become a major concern for you?
Do you want to know more about ovarian cysts?
What are the types of ovarian cysts?
What is the treatment for ovarian cyst symptoms?
What are the complications of ovarian cysts?
How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
How is ovarian cyst treated?
If you want to know the answers to the questions about ovarian cyst problems, please read on.
What is an ovarian cyst?
Cysts are said to mean bags that are full of fluid. The formation of these fluid-filled sacs is very common in the ovaries, and the ovaries perform two important functions in the female body.
The release of an adult egg each month in the middle of the menstrual cycle that occurs inside the ovary .
And the second function of the ovaries is to release female sex hormones, including estrogen and progesterone, during the maturation and development of the eggs.
Types of ovarian cysts
In this section, we want to refer to the types of ovarian cysts that are commonly formed in women and in each case, give a little explanation. There are different types of ovarian cysts, which are:
Ovarian dermoid cysts endometrioma cysts in the ovary
We must say that, although different types of ovarian cysts may form in the ovary, functional cysts are the most common ovarian cysts that women may experience. In general, we will first talk more about functional ovarian cysts, which are more common.
Functional ovarian cysts as the most common ovarian cysts are divided into two main types:
Follicular cysts and Corpus luteal cysts
In the following, we will talk about each of these cysts
- Functional ovarian cyst of follicular type
During a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg grows in a sac called a follicle. This sac is located inside the ovary, meaning that each month one of the ovaries is responsible for growing and maturing the egg inside the follicle. Often these follicles open and the mature egg is released from them, but if for any reason this follicle does not open in the middle of the cycle, the fluid inside the follicle will accumulate and one of them will create a large sac or follicular mist on the ovary.
- Ovarian functional cysts are Corpus luteal cysts
In the previous section, we said that the mature follicles open in the middle of each menstrual cycle and the mature egg inside them is released. Usually, this sac should be absorbed after releasing the egg, but if it does not dissolve and the opening of the follicle open, excess fluid collects inside the sac. This process causes a cyst to form called a Corpus luteal cyst.
Now you are familiar with the most common ovarian cysts. Here we want to introduce you to other types of ovarian cysts.
- Dermoid cysts
Dermoid cysts are sacs on the ovaries and can include various tissues, such as hair, even teeth, cartilage and other tissues.
Endometrioma is the sac in which the tissue of the uterus is found, that means, the tissue that should only grow inside the uterus, the tissue that normally should only be found in the uterus, grows out of the uterus. If these tissues spread to the ovaries, they can cause cysts called endometriomas.
Cystadenomas are sacs that are noncancerous and form on the outside of the ovaries.
Now let’s refer to a common term. There are some women who have polycystic ovary syndrome. What is the meaning of this syndrome?
This condition contains ovaries that have a large number of small follicular cysts. These numerous small cysts are seen on ultrasound, such as a pearl necklace, and their accumulation enlarges the ovary. Women with polycystic ovaries may develop irregular menstrual irregularities and even infertility if left untreated. Insulin resistance and polycystic ovary syndrome are said to be closely linked.
What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?
In the introduction, we mentioned that most people with ovarian cysts have no symptoms or clinical manifestations.
Symptoms may develop as the cyst or multiple cysts grow, and a person may experience one or more of the following symptoms. Symptoms include:
- Breast tenderness
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Urgent need to urinate during sexual intercourse
- Painful intercourse in the lower back
- Pain in the groin and pelvic pain
- Painful bowel movements, Pelvic pain during menstruation, Pelvic pain before menstruation , Reproductive problems
Of course, not all people with ovarian cysts have fertility problems, but most often report a disruption in their menstrual cycle.
What are the complications of ovarian cysts?
Doctors believe that most ovarian cysts in women are benign and non-cancerous, and most of them resolve spontaneously without any symptoms or problems. In rare cases, there may be an ovarian mass that is cystic and malignant and this malignancy is diagnosed during a routine examination. Ovarian torsion is one of the complications that sometimes occurs due to the presence of ovarian cysts. Of course, this is one of the rare complications of ovarian cysts when the ovarian cyst grows. May cause the ovary to move from its original position and the ovary to twist around the axis of the ovary. When torsion occurs because the ovary wraps around its blood vessels. Blood flow to the ovaries is disrupted if treatment is delayed. If left untreated, ovarian tissue death occurs. Ovarian torsions account for 3% of all emergency surgeries in all women.
What are the complications of ruptured ovarian cysts?
Cyst rupture is a rare problem. It is a rare complication in ovarian cysts, but if it occurs, it can cause severe and sudden abdominal pain and even internal bleeding. This complication is dangerous because it can increase the risk of infection, and if left untreated, it can cause serious problems for the sufferer.
When a person sees a doctor for a checkup, a standard pelvic exam can help diagnose an ovarian cyst in standard conditions. The doctor may find that one of the enlarged ovaries is more swollen. In these cases, the presence of ovarian cysts is suspected and ultrasound will be requested to confirm the presence of cysts. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to produce an image that reaches the physician from the internal organs. Examination and ultrasound, in addition to determining the presence of a cyst, also partially determine the size, location, wall shape, and solid or fluid contents of the cyst.
Other tools can be used to diagnose ovarian cysts.
CT scans can give the doctor cross-sectional images of the abdomen and pelvis.
MRI can also provide doctors with deeper images of internal organs and internal organs.
Benign ovarian cysts will go away on their own after a few weeks without the need for treatment, which is why a doctor may not recommend a treatment plan or medication when he or she finds out that you have ovarian cysts after a physical examination and ultrasound. This means that your doctor may wait and repeat the ultrasound at regular intervals scheduled for weeks to months to see if the cysts subside, disappear, or remain stable if the condition does not change during this time. If the condition does not change during this time or the cyst size increases for any reason, he will use more additional tests, which include:
A CA 125 marker to detect the presence of a group of ovarian cancers
Hormone blood level tests to check for sex hormone issues and finally a pregnancy test to make sure you are not pregnant.
The cyst is treated by a physician when the serial ultrasounds have not resolved spontaneously and have grown and the symptoms have become more severe and disturbed.
What do ovarian cysts look like?
They will appear in the form of blisters and in various forms during the ultrasound. They are not difficult to diagnose, but they must be done by a trained doctor.
Ovarian cysts that have not healed on their own and have enlarged in most cases can be removed with medication in a very short time. In some cases, surgery may be necessary depending on the doctor’s condition.
How do we prevent ovarian cysts?
Due to the fact that a very high prevalence of ovarian cysts is reported in women, some changes in lifestyle can prevent the formation of ovarian cysts.
Nutrition: one of the most important measures is to avoid the consumption of some foods and fast foods, sweets and sugary drinks, avoid canned snacks as well as foods with artificial colors. Replace fresh fruits and vegetables with plenty of water and organic foods.
Regular walking is one of the most effective and in fact the main ways that can be effective in controlling insulin resistance and prevent the formation of ovarian cysts.
If you are overweight, you must lose weight
- 3. Reduce stress
Stress has negative effects on your body and soul in the long run. Constant stress can cause or aggravate many diseases. One of the important factors that can stimulate the formation of ovarian cysts is stress. Try to learn ways to control stress and stay away from stressful environments, you can incorporate meditation and relaxation techniques into your routine.
If you have an ovarian cyst, in what cases is it necessary to go to the emergency room immediately?
Be sure to see a doctor right away if you have one or more of the following symptoms:
If you feel a sudden pain in the abdomen that you have never experienced before, if you experience lethargy, weakness and fainting with this pain, be sure to call the emergency room.
One of the most important causes of this pain can be rupture and bleeding of the cyst.
Taking anticoagulants, sudden and intense movements, and sudden changes in position can cause the ovarian cyst to rupture.
The last word
Ovarian cysts are a common disorder among women that can be treated quickly and easily if diagnosed.
It is better to see a doctor before starting home remedies to treat and evaluate your problem and to avoid taking medicines and even herbal medicines without a doctor’s prescription.