General English name: Metoclopramide
Application: Anti-nausea and vomiting
Dosage forms of metoclopramide
Pills, syrups, injections
Metoclopramide Drug Information
Metoclopramide is used to relieve the feeling of illness, nausea and vomiting. Feeling sick can be a common symptom, but it can also be caused by other factors. When nausea is due to surgery, migraine headache, chemotherapy, or cancer medications, metoclopramide is often prescribed. This drug speeds up the movement of food in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract, thereby helping to reduce the feeling of sickness and nausea.
Dosage and method of metoclopramide
- Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with metoclopramide. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
- The dose and amount of metoclopramide varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. You should usually take a 10 mg tablet (or 10 ml of liquid medicine) three times a day (every 8 hours regularly).
- Take metoclopramide regularly and around the clock.
- If you forget to take your daily dose of metoclopramide at the right time, do not worry, do not take the missed dose and take the next dose on time. Note that you should not take two doses of the drug together because of the missed dose.
Contraindications to the use of metoclopramide
- Note the expiration date of the metoclopramide drug and do not take it if the expired drug is in your possession.
- Never give metoclopramide to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
- Check for drug interactions with metoclopramide, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
- If you are under 20 or over 65 years old.
Metoclopramide during pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.
The effect of metoclopramide on driving and working with machines
Metoclopramide causes dizziness and drowsiness, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.
Drug Interactions Metoclopramide
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Some medications that may interact with metoclopramide include antipsychotics (such as aripiprazole, haloperidol), atovaquone, dopamine agonists (eg cabergoline, pergolide, ropinirole), phosphomycin (posphomycin). Phenothiazines (such as promethazine, prochlorperazine), rivastigmine.
Metoclopramide causes food and drugs to move rapidly through the stomach and may affect the absorption of some drugs. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist to make sure that other medicines you are taking are not affected by this medicine.
If you take metoclopramide in combination with other medicines that affect breathing or cause drowsiness, your risk of serious side effects (such as shortness of breath, slow breathing, severe drowsiness and dizziness) will increase. So if you are taking medicines that cause drowsiness, tell your doctor or pharmacist, including: alcohol, marijuana, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping pills or anti-anxiety medications (such as alprazolam). ), Diazepam, zolpidem, muscle relaxants, and analgesics and painkillers (such as codeine).
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or cough and cold medicines) because some of them are made up of substances that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist how to use them so that you can use them safely.
Special warnings and precautions while taking metoclopramide
Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking metoclopramide:
- If you decide to have a baby, if you are pregnant or if you are breast-feeding.
- If you have any liver or kidney problems.
- If you are under 20 or over 65 (metoclopramide can cause problems in people of this age).
- If you have allergies or asthma.
- If you have been told that you have an irregular heartbeat.
- If you know you have a gastrointestinal problem such as obstruction or internal bleeding.
- If you have Parkinson’s disease or epilepsy.
- If there is a tumor on your adrenal gland (pheochromocytoma).
- If you have porphyria blood disease.
- If you are currently taking certain medications. These include all available medicines, whether prescribed or used by your doctor, such as herbal medicines and supplements.
- If you have ever been allergic to a particular drug.
Side effects of metoclopramide
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
Dizziness, fatigue and drowsiness: Avoid driving and working with tools and machines.
Diarrhea (in high doses): Drink plenty of water to replace lost fluid.
Dry mouth, skin rash, breast tenderness, rapid heartbeat, irregular menstrual periods: If any of these bother you, talk to your doctor.
Muscular or motor disorders: These disorders affect the body, face or eyes.
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to metoclopramide.
Metoclopramide overdose (drug poisoning)
Do not take metoclopramide more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.
If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.
Storage conditions of metoclopramide
Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.