General English name: Metoclopramide

Brand: Maxolon

Application: Anti-nausea and vomiting



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Dosage forms of metoclopramide

Pills, syrups, injections


Metoclopramide Drug Information

Metoclopramide is used to relieve the feeling of illness, nausea and vomiting. Feeling sick can be a common symptom, but it can also be caused by other factors. When nausea is due to surgery, migraine headache, chemotherapy, or cancer medications, metoclopramide is often prescribed. This drug speeds up the movement of food in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract, thereby helping to reduce the feeling of sickness and nausea.


Dosage and method of metoclopramide


Contraindications to the use of metoclopramide


Metoclopramide during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.


The effect of metoclopramide on driving and working with machines

Metoclopramide causes dizziness and drowsiness, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.


Drug Interactions Metoclopramide

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Some medications that may interact with metoclopramide include antipsychotics (such as aripiprazole, haloperidol), atovaquone, dopamine agonists (eg cabergoline, pergolide, ropinirole), phosphomycin (posphomycin). Phenothiazines (such as promethazine, prochlorperazine), rivastigmine.

Metoclopramide causes food and drugs to move rapidly through the stomach and may affect the absorption of some drugs. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist to make sure that other medicines you are taking are not affected by this medicine.

If you take metoclopramide in combination with other medicines that affect breathing or cause drowsiness, your risk of serious side effects (such as shortness of breath, slow breathing, severe drowsiness and dizziness) will increase. So if you are taking medicines that cause drowsiness, tell your doctor or pharmacist, including: alcohol, marijuana, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping pills or anti-anxiety medications (such as alprazolam). ), Diazepam, zolpidem, muscle relaxants, and analgesics and painkillers (such as codeine).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or cough and cold medicines) because some of them are made up of substances that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist how to use them so that you can use them safely.


Special warnings and precautions while taking metoclopramide

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking metoclopramide:


Side effects of metoclopramide

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:

Dizziness, fatigue and drowsiness: Avoid driving and working with tools and machines.

Diarrhea (in high doses): Drink plenty of water to replace lost fluid.

Dry mouth, skin rash, breast tenderness, rapid heartbeat, irregular menstrual periods: If any of these bother you, talk to your doctor.

Muscular or motor disorders: These disorders affect the body, face or eyes.

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel may be due to metoclopramide.


Metoclopramide overdose (drug poisoning)

Do not take metoclopramide more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.

If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.


Storage conditions of metoclopramide

Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.

Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.


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