Diabetes, as a disease and a common disorder that is very common these days around the world, can have warning signs. If you are someone who wants to know these warning signs, Join us in the following article to answer any questions you may have about the warning signs and symptoms of diabetes.
People with diabetes need to know that this disorder causes your body cells to change the use of sugar in their flow, and Due to this problem, a series of pervasive changes occur in all the cells of the vessel wall and other parts of your body. We must say that the signs and symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type of diabetes and gender.
We need glucose in our blood or blood sugar to supply our body with energy. Glucose is the main fuel for our nervous tissue and brain. Regardless of the type of diabetes a person has, the high amount of sugar that accumulates in the blood of these patients will definitely lead to serious health problems; Therefore, it is better to get acquainted with the warning signs of diabetes, considering the machine life of today, obesity, widespread use of cars, inactivity and turning to fast foods and ready meals.
Definition of diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease and disorder and it actually happens when your pancreas can’t make enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes is a condition that Your body is unable to respond effectively to the insulin produced. In this case, we say that there is so-called insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that can regulate blood sugar. Insulin is required for blood sugar to enter cells. If there is nothing wrong or your body cells are insulin resistant in type 2 diabetes, they can not get blood sugar into the cells. Therefore, the cells become low in energy and without glucose, and a lot of sugar accumulates in the blood, Accumulation of this sugar in the blood can initiate a very damaging inflammatory process in the arterial wall, which is the source of all the complications of diabetes.
What are the types of diabetes?
If we want to speak more scientifically, we should actually consider diabetes as a metabolic syndrome, also This syndrome is called Syndrome X. Insulin carries sugar from the blood to your cells to be stored in the cells and used for energy production. A person whose body does not produce enough insulin or whose body cannot use the available insulin will eventually have more sugar accumulated in their arteries, and this accumulation of sugar in the blood will cause damage to the walls of the arteries of the person with diabetes. Inflamed arteries that reach vital organs and other organs because they are abnormal can cause the organs that go to them to malfunction.
The nerves of the eyes, kidneys, heart and arteries are among the organs that are most damaged during diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
Doctors say that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. The immune system recognizes and attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as a group of strangers, so these cells are damaged and destroyed.
So in people with type 1 diabetes, to put it simply, insulin-producing cells are destroyed and these people can’t make enough insulin. It is said that it is not yet known what causes this wrong immune system attack on the pancreas. Ten percent of all people with diabetes have this type of diabetes.
And this type of diabetes may be called insulin-dependent diabetes among the general public. These terms are not widely accepted by doctors today. If we also refer to type 1 diabetes in this article as insulin-dependent diabetes, it is because of what the general public has heard and become accustomed to. These people should get the insulin they need on a daily basis.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is considered a subset of Syndrome X or Metabolic Syndrome, And it actually happens when a person’s body is resistant to insulin .Cells are resistant to insulin and insulin will not be able to get sugar out of the blood into the cell. So sugar builds up in the blood. Type 2 diabetes was once known as adult-onset diabetes It was said that this diabetes is often seen in adults over thirty years old and obese, but unfortunately today the age of this type of diabetes due to sedentary lifestyle and the use of fast foods is greatly reduced and Today, even in adolescents, we see type 2 diabetes.
Insulin produced by the pancreas in these people does not actually work well due to the body’s resistance to insulin.
It is likely that an increase in the number of fat cells in the body and obesity will lead to insulin resistance. Perhaps this statement stems from the fact that type 2 diabetes, which is actually due to the cells’ resistance to insulin, is more common in obese people with large bellies than in lean people with normal bellies.
In pregnant women, changes occur that may cause the placenta to develop little insulin resistance with the substances it produces. This type of diabetes is transient and will improve after pregnancy,
Other causes of diabetes include malnutrition, infections, medications such as corticosteroids, and postoperative complications.
In this section, we want to introduce you to the signs, symptoms, and manifestations of diabetes. Symptoms can be very mild and consequently mild enough to misdiagnose a person. Symptoms of diabetes that are more general and can be used as warning signs are as follows:
- Increased thirst and thirst
- Feeling very hungry and weak
- Severe fatigue
- Slowness and impaired wound healing
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Frequent urination
Apart from these common symptoms, the manifestations of diabetes in men and women may be slightly different based on gender segregation, which are mentioned below.
Specific symptoms of diabetes mellitus in men:
In addition to the general signs and symptoms of diabetes mentioned above, men with diabetes mellitus can also experience the following:
Decreased muscle strength
And decreased libido
Specific symptoms of diabetes mellitus in women:
In addition to the general signs and symptoms of diabetes mentioned above, Women with diabetes can also experience the following with general symptoms:
These women experience more urinary tract infections than ever before and more healthy women
- These women often complain of skin problems such as dry skin and itchy skin
- And the risk of skin infections in women with diabetes mellitus is very high
How are the symptoms of diabetes differentiated according to the type of diabetes?
In this section, we want to differentiate the warning signs of diabetes for you based on the type of diabetes and count them for you.
Warning Signs In Type 1 Diabetes:
- Increased thirst
- Severe hunger
- Weight loss for no apparent reason
- Mood swings
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
Warning Signs In Type 2 Diabetes:
- Feeling hungry
- Too much weakness
- Blurred vision
- Increased urination
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst and thirst
It also disrupts the healing process of wounds, which can lead to recurrent skin infections. In fact, it is said that this is due to high blood sugar levels in the body, and in other words, disorders that occur in the walls of blood vessels that supply the extremities of the feet and toes cause these wounds to not heal.
Warning signs in gestational diabetes:
Women with gestational diabetes often do not have the common symptoms of diabetes mentioned above. In fact, gestational diabetes in pregnant women is often diagnosed following a simple blood sugar test or oral glucose tolerance test, which is usually requested by a doctor between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.
It is rare for a woman with gestational diabetes to experience symptoms such as extreme thirst and frequent urination.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes:
The exact cause of this type of diabetes is unknown, but research and observations suggest that the immune system, which normally fights harmful viruses and bacteria and parasites, It mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The cause of type 1 diabetes seems to be a combination of favorable genetics and environmental factors, although the underlying cause remains unknown. It should be noted that most children with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed with an infection and their disease is identified.
Causes of type 2 diabetes:
In this type, the pancreas is able to produce enough insulin, but the body’s cells are resistant to insulin. It is believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes. Being overweight and having a high abdominal diameter is said to be strongly linked to the onset of insulin resistance and the progression of type 2 diabetes.
But it is interesting to note that not all people with type 2 diabetes are obese
Causes of gestational diabetes:
Hormones produced by the placenta during pregnancy make insulin-resistant cells in a pregnant woman. When this happens, the blood sugar rises and gestational diabetes develops.
Risk factors for type 1 diabetes
- family history
If one of your parents or siblings has type 1 diabetes, you are at higher risk for developing type 1 diabetes than other people.
- Environmental factors, such as viral diseases
Type 1 diabetes is said to be more common in some geographies, such as Finland and Sweden, which have a higher rate of people with type 1 diabetes.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes
- Being overweight: Being overweight is one of the factors that cause insulin resistance and consequently type 2 diabetes in people.
- Inactivity and physical activity: Physical activity helps the body control its weight. Physical activity also causes cells to break down insulin resistance and cells to become more sensitive to insulin;Therefore, accumulated sugar in the blood enters the cells and diabetes is reduced
- Race: Some specific races, such as blacks and Native Americans and Asian Americans, as well as Hispanics, are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Age: The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is said to increase with age
- Family history : If one of your first-degree relatives has type 2 diabetes, you are at a higher risk of developing this type of diabetes.
- High blood pressure: People with high blood pressure above 140 on 90 mmHg are said to have a higher risk of developing this type of diabetes.
- Women with polycystic ovary syndrome: These women experience irregular menstrual periods
And they have problems with hair growth, and obesity and overweight are usually with them
- Abnormal and high levels of blood fats
Risk factors for gestational diabetes
Pregnant women over the age of 25 are more likely to develop gestational diabetes. Also, if a pregnant woman is overweight before pregnancy, her risk of developing gestational diabetes increases.
And after these two positive family or personal history cases, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases, This means that if a person has type 2 diabetes or their parents or siblings have type 2 diabetes, they are more likely to develop gestational diabetes during that person’s pregnancy.
In this section, we will name the long-term complications of diabetes for you
- A marked increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease so that diabetes increases the risk of a variety of vascular problems
- Diabetic neuropathy:
Damage to nerves outside the brain and spinal cord due to excess sugar in the blood is called diabetic neuropathy. Excess sugar stimulates the walls of small blood vessels. These small vessels are actually the vessels that feed the nerve fibers.
- Eye injury
- Diabetic kidney damage or diabetic nephropathy
- Partially deaf
- Increased incidence of skin problems including dry skin and skin infections
- Increasing the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and accelerating its progression
- Mood swings:
Depression is common in people with diabetes. Depression, if left untreated, can have a negative impact on diabetes management.
Complications of gestational diabetes on the baby:
- Overgrowth of the baby means that the newborn will weigh more than a normal baby
- Occurrence of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar in the newborn
- Increased risk of type 2 diabetes in infants born to a mother with gestational diabetes
- Gestational diabetes, if left untreated, can lead to the death of the baby during the fetal period and after birth.
- Complications of gestational diabetes on the mother:
- Increased risk of preeclampsia in pregnant women
- Increased risk of diabetes in subsequent pregnancies
- Increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the mother
It is said that type 1 diabetes can not be prevented, but choosing a balanced and healthy lifestyle will definitely help control diabetes, and type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can be better controlled with the following methods:
It is also said that following these tips will help prevent type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes
Eat a healthy diet Choose healthy, low-fat and low-calorie foods and include natural fiber in your diet
Keep your weight in a healthy range
Be sure to get physical activity and mobility
Walking for at least 30 minutes a day for at least five days seven days a week can help break down cellular insulin resistance and prevent gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes and if you have this conditions you can better control the condition of your disease.