Increasing the internal diameter of the aortic artery or enlarged aorta is aortic aneurysm, which is fatal if not diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. What is the life expectancy rate in the aneurysm? What will be the survival rate for people with aortic aneurysm? In the following our doctors will answer the above questions.
Where is the aortic artery?
The largest artery in the human body is the aortic artery. The aorta is the main artery in our body, which has the largest internal diameter among all the arteries in our body. The body’s cells leave the heart and first enter the aorta; the other arteries are actually branches of the aorta.
The aortic artery has a part inside the thorax, that is, a part of the aortic pathway passes through the chest and then the aorta enters the abdomen. This part is called the abdominal aorta.
What is aortic aneurysm? What is the meaning of Enlarged aorta?
An aneurysm is caused by an abnormal dilation of the vessel wall. In other words, a part of the aortic artery wall weakens in its path of movement, which is usually in the abdomen, and loses its strength and dilates like a balloon. This disorder is called abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Aortic aneurysm can also occur in the direction of movement of the aortic artery in the chest, which is called a thoracic aortic aneurysm.
Why is aortic aneurysm dangerous?
We said that the aortic wall weakens. This weak wall dilates easily due to the force that the blood flows into the defective wall inside the vessel, dilates, and the aneurysm size slowly increases over time, and eventually to some extent it becomes loose and weak, which is easily torn and in many cases causes the death of the infected person.
Who is most likely to develop aortic aneurysm?
Risk factors for aortic aneurysm include:
- Tobacco use and smoking
- High blood pressure
- Vascular wall stiffness or atherosclerosis
- And some infections
What are the symptoms of aortic aneurysm?
Most people do not have any specific symptoms, but over time, as the aneurysm progresses, symptoms appear. For example, the symptoms of abdominal aortic aneurysm include:
- Detection of a throbbing mass in the abdomen that can be seen or touched by a person in the mirror or the doctor notices a throbbing mass in the abdomen
- Abdominal pain
- Back pain
- Groin pain
The pain is usually prolonged and does not respond to common painkillers. Rupture of the abdominal aorta with severe and sudden abdominal pain will be accompanied by loss of consciousness or shock.
If your doctor has diagnosed you with a small abdominal aneurysm, you should see your doctor every six months to a year to check for growth and progression of your aortic aneurysm and have an ultrasound or CT scan.
Failure to follow up regularly will result in a sudden rupture of the aorta, which can lead to death
All men sixty-five years and older, men fifty-five years and older with a family history of abdominal aortic aneurysm, or all women 65 years or older who have a family history of abdominal aortic aneurysm or are smokers should be seen by a specialist. For the presence or absence of abdominal aortic aneurysm, be sure to be screened
But what is the survival rate and life expectancy of people with Enlarged aorta?
How long can people with Enlarged aortic live?
People with enlarged aneurysm should receive appropriate treatment before developing an aneurysm rupture. Usually, a good outlook awaits them.
Doctors Prognosis is good if treated properly before rupture of an aortic aneurysm
Enlarged aorta treatment is planned according to the age, size of the aneurysm and general health conditions of the patient. When the diameter or inner diameter of the aortic artery is 50% larger than its normal size, we say that there is an aneurysm.
How long do people with aneurysm aortic have life expectancy?
If a person’s aortic aneurysm is diagnosed in a timely manner and followed up regularly, in the event of elective surgery, the aortic aneurysm will be performed before the accident and its sudden rupture.
If the inner diameter of the aorta at the site of the aneurysm is more than five and a half centimeters
If in follow-up the inner diameter of the aorta at the site of the aneurysm is increased or more than half a centimeter.
Mortality after surgery will be about three to five percent, meaning in the same days close to surgery (presurgical)
The mortality rate is 8% in total one year after aneurysm repair surgery.
About 39% of people who undergo elective aneurysm repair surgery in aorta die within ten years.
Mean survival after elective surgery to repair orthopedic aneurysm
Six years plus and minus two and eight tenths of a year !!!
Long-term survival in people with aortic aneurysm rupture after surgery is more or less similar to the numbers above.
Survival in people with aortic aneurysm depends on the size of the dilatation.
- After rupture of Aorta aneurysm:
Thirty-six percent of people with an aneurysm size of five and a half to five and nine-tenths of a centimeter die after rupture of the aneurysm.
Fifty percent of people with aneurysm size (six centimeters to seven centimeters) die after rupture of the aneurysm.
Fifty-five percent of people with aneurysms over seven centimeters in size die after rupture of the aneurysm.
- People with ruptured abdominal aneurysms:
More than 50 percent of them die before reaching the emergency room
For those who go to the emergency room alive, unfortunately, with each passing minute, their chances of survival are reduced by one percent.