If you experience nausea and vomiting following physical activity.
If you want to know the cause of nausea and vomiting following exercise and physical activity.
If you want to know why you sometimes get nauseous after exercising and physical activity.
Read more in this article, we want to say that nausea is normal after exercising and physical activity?
And what are the symptoms and treatment of nausea in sports?
During exercise or physical activity, changes occur in the body that lead to more blood reaching the active muscles. During these changes, most of the blood in the arteries of our body to the moving muscles, the blood flow to the organs of the abdomen will be reduced by eighty percent.
Decreased blood flow occurs as a result of increased blood flow to your skin and muscles. Following these effects and changes, you may experience stomach pain or exercise, diarrhea, nausea, and even vomiting while exercising or following physical activity.
Exercise can affect your digestive system. Nausea and sometimes vomiting during or after exercise will be among these effects
However, most cases of nausea and vomiting in exercise or after physical activity do not have a serious and structural cause and most of them will improve with a change in diet and eating habits or a change in the type of exercise.
In some cases, especially in people who experience nausea and vomiting continuously and chronically following physical activity, there may be serious underlying problems.
Is nausea and vomiting following exercise a normal process?
What do statistics say about gastrointestinal problems in athletes or people who are physically active?
In 2013, A comprehensive study found that most athletes experience gastrointestinal symptoms during or after exercise. About 20 to 70 percent of athlete’s experience nausea and vomiting during or after exercise.
The main group that suffers from digestive problems after exercise are endurance athletes, such as marathon predators.
Ninety percent of endurance athletes, such as marathon runners, experience nausea. Statistics show that Athletes in endurance running and longer distances will experience prolonged nausea. Nausea and vomiting and gastrointestinal symptoms are said to be more common in cyclists than runners.
What symptoms may athletes experience during exercise or after completing their physical activity?
- Gastric or peptic reflux
These symptoms are more common in cyclists than in runners.
The following gastrointestinal symptoms occur more often in runners than in cyclists during exercise or after exercise:
- Cramps and contractions of the stomach and abdomen
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
Why does nausea and vomiting occur during physical activity and exercise?
Researchers still do not know a single specific cause as the main cause of nausea and vomiting in physical activity. Some of the factors that are associated with nausea and vomiting and in general gastrointestinal symptoms during physical activity will be as follows:
Delay in gastric emptying
Dehydration of the body
Decreased blood flow to the gastrointestinal tract and organs inside the abdomen and pelvis
Decreased blood sodium, which doctors call hyponatremia
The above reasons are the most common possible causes of nausea and vomiting following exercise and physical activity. But, in very rare circumstances, there may be special conditions for nausea and vomiting in sports and physical activity. These will be as follows:
(Stomach inflammation is called gastritis), Sometimes gastritis, which leads to bleeding, is caused by nausea and vomiting during physical activity, these cases are called hemorrhagic gastritis.
- Inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis:
Presence of peripheral arterial disease, or narrowing of the intestinal arteries, which can lead to events in which blood flow to parts of the intestine is disrupted or interrupted. These conditions are called ischemic bowel diseases. Ischemic bowel disease can lead to gastrointestinal symptoms and nausea and vomiting.
- Kidney failure (kidney failure to clear the blood of toxins)
- Gallbladder problems
Statistics and studies show that people who eat immediately before the start of a sport or physical activity are more likely to experience nausea and vomiting than those who ate an hour before the start of physical activity.
We said that during physical activity or exercise, up to eighty percent of the volume of blood reaching the intestines and digestive system will be reduced and this volume will reach to the muscles and skin.
Decreased blood flow to gastrointestinal components such as the stomach and intestines can lead to diarrhea, stomach pain, abdominal pain, nausea, and even vomiting.
Interestingly, if you eat immediately after a physical activity or exercise, you may also experience nausea and vomiting. There is another point, it has been proven that the severity of nausea and vomiting following longer and more intense exercise will be higher than less intense exercise.
In people who do intense and intermittent exercise, complete gastric emptying is usually not performed, and this incomplete gastric emptying will increase the likelihood of gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, vomiting, Flatulence, and abdominal pain.
Why does nausea and vomiting occur during physical activity and exercise?
According to extensive studies of athletes in various sports, some people who experience nausea and vomiting following physical activity may be able to control their nausea by drinking a standard exercise drink that contains glucose and fructose.
Studies also show that there are some oral exercise supplements that produce nitric oxide in the body after consumption. Nitric oxide can control nausea and vomiting by improving gastrointestinal blood flow.
Of course, to express the effect of the above two cases, we need to do more experiments and studies.
Other studies suggest that nausea and vomiting after exercise may be controlled by walking slowly and slowly, or by lying on your back and placing your legs higher than your stomach and abdomen.
How can nausea and vomiting be prevented during or after exercise and physical activity?
If you are an athlete or if you have a lot of physical activity that you experience digestive problems, nausea and vomiting during or after it, it is better to know that by observing the following, you can both reduce the frequency of vomiting and reduce their severity.
Do not take sprays, NSAIDs and corticosteroids arbitrarily without your doctor’s prescription.
- Avoid fructose-rich beverages alone and drink only beverages that contain glucose along with fructose.
- Avoid dehydration before, during and after physical activity and exercise
- Avoid fiber-rich foods just before exercise, but do not forget to include fiber in your diet.
- Avoid slow-digesting foods such as protein, dairy and fats before exercising and exercising.
You need to find out what kind of food will be right for you to exercise and you need to know how long you should finish eating before you start exercising.
Be sure to ask your instructor for proper warm-up before exercise and standard cooling after exercise.
If you experience nausea and vomiting during exercise or physical activity, you need to know when to see a doctor:
- When you constantly experience nausea and vomiting during exercise and physical activity, despite following diet tips, keeping your body hydrated, and doing the right cream and cooling down.
- If you have bloody stools, the stools are watery and smelly
- If you have rectal bleeding
- If you have bloody vomit
- If you experience severe stomach or abdominal pain that is accompanied by nausea or vomiting
In these cases, you should know that your condition is not normal and you need to see a doctor or a well-equipped medical center as soon as possible.
Finally, we must reiterate that most people who experience nausea and vomiting during or after exercise do not have serious and dangerous background conditions. and most of the time, by hydrating the body, changing the pattern and habits of eating and drinking fluids, as well as learning how to properly warm and cool the body before and after exercise and doing it, they Will be able to control the frequency and severity of nausea and vomiting during and after exercise