If you have had gallbladder surgery and want to know what diet you should follow after gallbladder surgery.
If you want to know what diet to follow after cholecystectomy.
Read more if you want to get acquainted with the do’s and don’ts of nutrition after gallbladder surgery.
One of the most common questions that patients with gallstones ask their doctor after their surgery is about the type of diet that they should follow. In the following, we will answer these questions in the language of surgeons and gastroenterologists in simple language.
Gallbladder surgery or cholecystectomy
Why is a cholecystectomy performed? The gallbladder is a small sac at the bottom of the liver whose job is to store a fluid called bile. Bile is taken out of the gallbladder to digest fatty foods when we eat. After moving through the bile ducts, it pours through a small hole into the beginning of the small intestine or duodenum to help digest food in the intestine.
Any factor that causes stasis or stagnation of bile fluid in the gallbladder or any factor that slows down the movements of the gallbladder wall, for example, an increase in progesterone during pregnancy, stagnant bile in the gallbladder will thicken and form gallstones. Gallstones may now block the outlet of the gallbladder, In these conditions, we have an accumulation of toxic substances in the space behind the obstruction inside the sac, which causes inflammation of the gallbladder wall and cholecystitis. Sometimes this cholecystitis occurs suddenly and in some cases the person suffers from chronic cholecystitis symptoms for years.
- Usually, after eating a high-fat meal and a heavy meal, a person will suddenly experience upper and right abdominal pain, the pain also shoots in the right shoulder and back.
- Jaundice of the skin and Sclera
- Dark urine
- Clear stool or chalky stool
In cases where a person suffers from mild attacks of chronic cholecystitis for years, the symptoms usually disappear after a while and rest in the gastrointestinal tract, but in acute cholecystitis, sometimes there is an infection and the person has more pain, there is obvious jaundice of the skin and sclera, nausea and vomiting, And fever and chills and abdominal pain in more severe cases.
Gallstones or condensed bile may become trapped in the bile ducts and cause inflammation of the bile ducts behind them, called cholangitis. The symptoms in cholangitis are almost the same as the clinical manifestations in cholecystitis.
Doctors say gallstones themselves will not require gallbladder surgery if they do not show any obvious signs.
But people with cholecystitis or cholangitis, according to the instructions, with infection control, should undergo gallbladder or cholecystectomy surgery.
In cholecystectomy, the surgeon will remove the gallbladder with a large incision on the skin or open surgery. Nowadays, gallbladder removal is often done by closed or laparoscopic method. which by making a few very small incisions, a few narrow tubes enter the abdomen and the gallbladder exits.
Gallbladder cholesterol stones sometimes do not require surgery, but pigment stones should be operated on if they are symptomatic.
Removing the gallbladder is not harmful because the presence of the gallbladder is not vital for our body.
After gallbladder or cholecystectomy surgery, the patient is admitted to the hospital for one week and after discharge, it usually takes three weeks to return to a daily routine.
However, the length of hospital stay with laparoscopic surgery is much shorter and postoperative rehabilitation will be faster and recovery will be shorter.
Patients’ condition after gallbladder and cholecystectomy surgery
A small number of these people develop diarrhea or watery stools.
Because the bile duct travels directly from the liver to the small intestine, because the bile no longer passes through the gallbladder, it has a larger volume and will be thinner.
Most cases of this change in bowel habits are transient and go away after a few months.
What will be the diet of people who have had gallbladder or cholecystectomy?
Adherence to a standard diet in these people is vital and must contain certain substances. It is true that we survive without a gallbladder, but to eliminate possible side effects we must have a standard diet.
Most people do not need a special diet after a cholecystectomy and do not have digestive problems. But If a person has a problem after a cholecystectomy, it is important to avoid certain foods.
what ingredients should be excluded from the diet and how long he or she must comply with this dietary restriction will depend entirely on the person and their tolerance. Most people will be stable with a short and temporary diet and will not need to continue the diet, but there are some who will need to continue the diet.
It is often recommended that a person restrict the consumption of fatty foods and processed and canned foods because these substances are very difficult for the body to digest.
Most likely, after a few months of your gallbladder surgery, you can start eating a lot of food again little by little.
Should some substances be avoided forever after gallbladder surgery?
No, there is no fixed diet to eliminate food permanently after gallbladder surgery.
It is recommended that one should avoid eating sweets, cakes, donuts, fatty and sweet foods, fried and processed foods as much as possible. Of course, eating these foods and snacks does not create life-threatening and dangerous conditions, but bloating and upset stomach and diarrhea may occur and these cases will bother you.
Recommendations after cholecystectomy
Do not use butter and solid oils.
Prohibited foods in the diet right after cholecystectomy:
- High-fat meats
- Red Meat
- Energy drinks
- Carbonated drinks
- Canned and processed foods
The best thing to do to prevent complications and discomfort after a cholecystectomy is to avoid eating the above.
What foods should we eat after gallbladder surgery?
- Foods high in fiber:
Fiber will make your digestion easier.
It is necessary to gradually increase the consumption of fiber, not all at once, because they can cause annoying bloating.
If you get bloated, you should tell your doctor.
- Rice and cereals
- Nuts, walnuts, almonds and hazelnuts
- Boiled potatoes with skin
- Fresh vegetables
- Types of berries
The above foods will be good sources of fiber and antioxidants, vitamins C and vitamin A supplements.
What points should we follow in our diet after gallbladder surgery?
- In the first days and weeks after gallbladder removal surgery, it is best to use soups and dilute liquids and do not go for solid foods.
- Increase the number of meals you eat each day and reduce the volume of each meal. For example, eat six small meals a day, because a large amount of food entering the gut all at once causes high gas production and bloating.
- It is best to avoid dairy and meat in the first few weeks.
- In general, maintaining a balanced weight and continuing physical activity will help you digest food better.
If you have had gallbladder surgery, what should you contact your surgeon about?
- Persistent abdominal pain that is getting worse and worse.
- Very severe abdominal pain that is unbearable.
- Severe nausea or vomiting.
- Failure to defecate during the last seventy-two hours
- No gas excretion
- Prolonged diarrhea lasting more than seventy-two hours.
- Jaundice of the skin and sclera