Pregnancy, childbirth and menopause in women are among the conditions that will lead to hormonal imbalance. Hormonal imbalance is not only related to women, men can also experience hormonal imbalance with different symptoms than women. In the following we will tell you about hormonal imbalance symptoms.
What are the symptoms of hormonal imbalance in men and women?
Hormones are substances and compounds that enter the bloodstream from certain cells in the body and act on another organ or set of other cells.
Hormones regulate your body’s vital processes such as metabolism, weight regulation, reproductive and fertility processes, and…
Why does a person’s body suffer from hormonal imbalances?
There are many reasons for the imbalance of hormones, each hormone depending on its type and the gland from which it is secreted will have its own disorder.
Let’s take a look at the disorders and conditions that are associated with hormonal imbalances in the body:
- Thyroid nodules
- Inflammation of the thyroid gland or some thyroiditis
- Adrenal insufficiency, Addison
- Congenital adrenal problems (congenital adrenal hyperplasia)
- Tumors (cancerous or noncancerous)
- During the treatment of cancers
- Side effects of some medications
- Cushing’s syndrome (adrenal hyperplasia)
- Injuries and traumas
- Appetite disorders
- Pituitary tumors
General causes of hormonal imbalance
If we want to count the causes of hormonal imbalance in men and women separately:
- Primary ovarian failure
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Consumption of hormones such as OCPs
- Premature menopause
Symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women
If we want to name the most common disorder in women and girls that leads to hormonal imbalance, we must mention polycystic ovary syndrome.
But in general, the symptoms of hormonal imbalance in females will be:
- Pain during vaginal intercourse
- Thinning of the mucosa or vaginal atrophy
- Vaginal dryness
- Acne can affect the face, back and chest
- hair loss
- Thinning hair
- Darkening of the skin in the folds of the body such as the armpits, neck and under the breasts, this complication is associated with insulin resistance and is part of the metabolic syndrome of insulin resistance and is called acanthosis nigricans.
- Excess hair on the woman’s face, under the chin, chin surface and abdomen
- Irregularities in menstruation:
- Long gap between several menstrual periods
- Shortening or prolonging the duration of monthly bleeding
- Night sweats
Symptoms of hormonal imbalance in males
It is said that the male hormone called testosterone plays a very important role in men’s growth.
Hormone imbalance in men can be associated with the following symptoms:
- Beard reduction
- Decreased growth and reduced beard volume
- Reduced body hair growth
- Decreased muscle mass in men
- Sensitivity of the breasts to touch and contact
- Breast tissue growth
- Lack of concentration
- Erectile dysfunction
- Decreased libido
- Hot flash
In addition to the symptoms of sex hormone imbalance, which we discussed separately in men and women above, here is a list of the most common symptoms that can indicate hormonal imbalance and are common in men and women.
Common symptoms of hormonal imbalance in men and women
- Being nervous
- Pain, swelling and sometimes stiffness of the joints
- Frequent urination
- Dry skin
- Swelling and puffiness of the face (Moon Face in Cushing)
- Presence of fat mass between the shoulders (Buffalo Hump in Cushing’s syndrome)
- Cardiac arrhythmia (such as alone AF in hyperthyroidism in the elderly)
- Abundant thirst
- Feeling of constant and excessive hunger
- Decreased libido
- Weight changes
- hair loss
- Thinning, weakening and brittle hair
- Muscle weakness
- sleep disorders
Let us now briefly describe the symptoms of hormonal imbalance.
Hair loss is more common in men, but in women after childbirth and after menopause there is hair loss and some women suffer from androgenic hair loss.
One of the derivatives of the male hormone or testosterone is called dehydrotestosterone or DHT. It causes damage to the follicles of part of the scalp and leads to hormonal hair loss in both men and women. Many people suffer from hormonal hair loss but do not have high levels of testosterone or dehydrotestosterone at all.
Depression and mood swings
Changes in serotonin or endorphin levels can be accompanied by mood swings. Increasing the level of these two can be associated with increasing mood and relieving pain and decreasing them with depression and low mood.
Decreased sexual desire
In women, a decrease in estrogen, which is accompanied by an increase in testosterone, will be accompanied by a decrease in blood flow to the vulva, clitoris, and vaginal dryness, while inhibiting the response of the genital tract and stimulation.
Abdominal pain and bloating are common during ovulation, menstruation, and menopause and are associated with imbalances in progesterone and estrogen levels. Disorders in the production and secretion of the three major digestive hormones, namely gastritis, secretin, and cholecystokinin, are associated with indigestion, bloating, bloating, and nausea.
Decreased cortisol, which occurs in adrenal disorders, can be accompanied by severe and persistent fatigue.
Sometimes a lack of thyroid hormone can also be associated with fatigue because hormone deficiency is associated with decreased metabolism of cells and reduced energy production.
The role of progesterone in insomnia caused by female hormone imbalance has been proven. Insomnia is a common symptom of menopause.
Decreased progesterone is associated with insomnia
Sleep estrogen regulates REM, increases sleep hours, and prevents sudden sleep disturbances. Low estrogen levels are also associated with insomnia and night sweats
Menopausal women and people with insomnia have increased cortisol secretion, and cortisol itself will disrupt REM sleep.
Weight loss or weight gain can be due to hormonal imbalance if it is sudden and noticeable.
For example, weight changes are associated with changes in thyroid hormone levels
Tell your doctor if you have an intolerance to cold or heat, hand tremors, dry skin, or weight changes, whether you are overweight or hyperthyroidism, and if treatment is possible, start treatment sooner.
Testosterone helps the function of the lacrimal glands, hormonal imbalance and reduction of testosterone will cause non-stimulation of these glands and will reduce tears and dry eyes.
Chronic testosterone deficiency is thought to be the cause of dry eye syndrome
Finally, hormonal changes affect the adrenal glands and affect your blood sugar level.
Low blood sugar will be accompanied by a feeling of hunger and desire for sweets. Various food cravings can be considered as a common symptom of PMS in some women and girls.