What information do you have about the diagnosis of mental disorders and diseases?
How long does it take to diagnose mental disorders?
Do you know what mental health means?
Do you know what causes mental health disorders?
There are guidelines that help diagnose different types of mental disorders. There are also guidelines to differentiate between different types of mental problems. Obviously, therapists and psychologists use special algorithms to treat and manage possible mental disorders.
Human mental health includes their ability to understand and comprehend facts as they exist and to respond appropriately to them. A person with a healthy mind will not run away from problems but will try to solve problems and recognize his disorders and accept them to respond appropriately to them, and it will only be possible to continue the flow of life.
How long does it take to diagnose mental illnesses?
In this article, we will discuss the answer to the question above.
What is meant by mental health and mental health?
When we talk about mental health, we mean a set taken from our emotional health, social health and mental health. In this mental health, the following concepts and interpretations are included:
- Ability to control and manage stress
- Ability to communicate healthily with others
- Timely selection and correct decisions and choices
It is important to know that mental health will be important in both children and adults, it means at all ages and stages of life.
It is emphasized that mental health also affect the health of the body, quality of life and human success in different periods of social life, how much and how we enjoy life will depend on the health of our mind.
Cognitive skills, behavioral abilities, and healthy emotional communication are all in the concept of mental health. Mental health is sometimes equated with a lack of mental disorder
Let’s take a look at the definition of mental health from the perspective of the World Health Organization(WHO):
- Communicating constantly with others
- Rational judgment and logical problem solving
- In addition, the improvement of individual and social conditions and environment
Maintaining mental health and helping to maintain mental health is a skill and science and is not made by anyone. Mental health knowledge helps you to adapt to your situation and gain the right skills to solve your problems.
What are the mental health problems?
- Anxiety disorders:
Intense fear, intense stress and many worries and annoyances are in this collection
Anxiety disorder is the most common mental and psychological problem
Avoiding anxious situations is one of the things that people with this disorder do.
- Panic Attack
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
They are considered as a clinical example and a subset of anxiety disorder.
- Mode Disorders:
- Bipolar disorder
- Persistent depressive disorder
- Seasonal Affective Disorder or SAD
- Psychotic disorders:
Schizophrenia (sometimes mistakenly called Youth insanity disorder)
There are probably a number of disorders that can lead to mental health problems.
Schizophrenia is a very complex condition that occurs between the ages of fifteen and twenty-five, and its symptoms include the following:
- The person will have broken thoughts
- These people cannot even complete their simple activities
- Getting out of the past pleasant activities
- Get out of the community
- Disturbed and uncontrollable thoughts
- Hearing sounds in the absence of a real stimulus
- Constant thoughts to hurt oneself and others
Sometimes these people also fail to prepare a simple meal to get rid of extreme hunger.
Warning signs to be aware of mental health problems
- Sleep changes, decrease or increase the need for sleep
- Eating changes, decreased or increased appetite
- Low energy
- To be unmotivated
- Feeling frustrated
- Feeling helpless
- Feeling very guilty
- Physical pain without medical justification
- Lack of concentration
- Memory impairment
- Easy and unreasonable crying
- the fear
- Severe mental fluctuations
- Thinking of harming yourself or others
- Inability to perform social, educational and functions
- Frequent and disproportionate depression or euphoria
List of types of mental health disorders and problems
- Panic attacks
- Eating Disorders (Overeating and Anorexia Nervosa)
- BPD borderline personality disorder
- Dysmorphic wind disorders (BDD)
- PMDD (Pre-menstrual depressive disorder)
- Lack and decrease of self-esteem
- Seasonal mood disorders or SAD
Now, after getting acquainted with the symptoms and manifestations that are warning, let’s go to the diagnosis of mental health problems.
How long will it take to identify a mental health problem?
How long will it take to diagnose a mental health problem?
In the following, we will talk more about the diagnosis of mental disorders.
Diagnosis of mental disorders
It is said that there is a questionnaire that includes twenty-eight four-choice questions and is called the GHQ questionnaire. This questionnaire is one of the most practical and common tests used to diagnose and recognize mental health problems.
This test determines how your mental health has been in the past few weeks or in the last month.
By answering the twenty-eight four-choice questions of this test and after the psychologist interprets the test result, your mental health problems will be determined.
The World Health Organization does not use the word health only for the absence of physical illness or disability.
Health is equivalent to the definition of who:
It is a suitable physical and mental condition and in step with social norms
The World Health Organization says that mental health goes beyond the absence of mental illness and disease, and when a person is mentally and psychologically healthy that:
- Consider yourself efficient
- Have independence and sometimes be autonomous
- Have good mental function
- Logical thinking
- The importance of individual and social health
- Real perception of events
- Ability to perform tasks
- Wise decision making
- Meaning of life and motivation to continue living
- Being kind and sympathetic
- Help each other
- Communicating with others
- The feeling that a person is in control of his mind and body in order to improve his living conditions.
Behavioral mental disorder
Significant clinical conditions in which a person’s thinking, mood, emotions and behavior have negative changes and these changes are not within the norm of society and exist continuously and during them, the person’s function is disrupted.
Diagnose problems in mental health
Your doctor and therapist will use the following methods to assess your mental health and assess possible disorders.
- List of drugs used
- Obtaining a family history of mental illness
- Clinical examination to rule out possible physical illness
- Lab tests:
- For example, evaluating the existence of anemia
- Evaluate the level of alcohol and some drugs in the blood
- Evaluate thyroid function
- Psychological evaluation:
This step is done by a psychologist or Mental health professional
At this stage they will ask questions and talk about your mental symptoms, thoughts and beliefs as well as feelings and emotions, perceptions of events around you and your behavioral patterns, and at this stage therapists and psychologists will use a variety of standard questionnaires to assess your beliefs, thoughts, and feelings.
Sometimes the cause of mental problems is discovered in a limited amount of time, and sometimes it becomes very difficult to discover the cause of the symptoms.
To reduce the waste of time in the process of diagnosing a mental health problem, it is essential that you provide complete, accurate information to your therapist or doctor.
What is DSM?
Criteria called Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and Mental Disorders (DSM) are used to facilitate and standardize the necessary diagnostic criteria in diagnosing mental and psychological problems that Published in new editions by the American Psychiatric Association and made available to medical staff and psychologists
You can see the classification of mental disorders in the following headlines:
- neurodevelopmental Disorders : such as
- Autism Spectrum Disorders or ASD
- Bipolar disorder and related disorders:
- Anxiety disorders
- Depressive disorders
- Somatic disorders
- Sexual disorders
- Sexual dysfunctions
- Eating Disorders
- Sleep wake disorders
- Gender dysphoria
- Drug consumption-related disorders
- Disruptive disorders, impulse control and conduct disorders
- Elimination disorders
- Personality disorders
- Paraphilic disorders
- Neuroncognitive disorders
- Other mental disorders:
This category will include disorders that do not meet the required criteria in the DSM criteria to be in a specific category.
Treatment options for mind problems in brief
These options in general and very briefly include the following three:
- Hospitalization and necessary hospital procedures