What do you know about cardiomyopathy?

What is cardiomyopathy and what are its types?

What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What are the symptoms of cardiomyopathies?

If you want to know more about cardiomyopathies and their symptoms, if you are looking for information on the symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, read on.


what you will read next :


Types of cardiomyopathy

First, let’s see what is the meaning of cardiomyopathy in medicine?


So, cardiomyopathy is a heart disorder that involves the heart muscle or myocardium (the muscular layer of the heart).

In cardiomyopathies, the heart is enlarged and the heart muscle or myocardium does not function normally.

In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle cannot open well enough for blood to flow in, and it cannot contract properly, and send blood to the aorta to flow in the body’s arteries.

Depending on the type of cardiomyopathy and its severity, there will be treatments for the affected heart. medication, surgery, and in severe cases, a heart transplant is necessary.


Types of cardiomyopathy:

  1. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  2. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  3. Restrictive cardiomyopathy


  1. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

Most people with the disease have a predisposing family factor. Doctors have linked a variety of mutations and genetic disorders to the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

The wall muscle of the heart, especially the left ventricular wall, which pumps blood into the aorta, becomes too thick, so the heart has to work very hard to contract the very thick muscle in its wall, so the blood is hardly pumped into the aorta.

If hypertrophic cardiomyopathy begins in childhood, it is very likely that the patient’s condition will become very serious.

In this article, we aim to talk about the symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.


  1. Dilated cardiomyopathy:

The most common type of cardiomyopathy is this type.

Middle-aged people and men are more likely to develop this type of cardiomyopathy.

Family history, history of coronary heart disease, heart attack, chemotherapy and some viruses are some of the causes.

Alcohol will also increase the risk of developing this type of cardiomyopathy.

However, the cause often remains unknown.

In this type of heart muscle disorder, the left ventricle of the heart dilates too much and its wall becomes weak, and it loses the ability to pump blood into the aorta.


  1. Restrictive cardiomyopathy:

It has the lowest prevalence.

It affects older people most, and the cause is unknown.

Iron deposition in heart cells during hemochromatosis disorder

Deposition of abnormal proteins called amyloid in the heart muscle during amyloidosis.

The accumulation of a type of blood cell called eosinophil in the heart and autoimmune disorders such as sarcoidosis have been implicated in the development of this cardiomyopathy.

Due to the deposition of various substances in the heart muscle, the heart wall becomes hard and inflexible and cannot perform its normal movements.

There are some rare types of cardiomyopathy that we will not cover here.


statistics of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or HCM for short

It is the most common non-hereditary cardiomyopathy.

It is one of the most important and common causes of disabilities due to cardiovascular disorders and one of the most common causes of death due to heart disease.

In the world community, two out of every thousand people in the world have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is 0.2% of the world’s population.

The primary type is due to genetic disorders.

In the acquired type, there is no family history and it is caused by causes such as valvular heart problems and high blood pressure and… and is often seen in men.

HCM is said to be the most common cause of sudden death in young athletes.


Causes of hcm

Often the exact cause is unknown.

But the following causes are among the effective causes:




Who is most at risk for HCM?

In hypertrophic cardiomyopathies, the left ventricular muscle will be greatly increased in thickness. As the thickness of the left ventricular wall increases, the space inside the left ventricular chamber will decrease and  in addition, the thickened muscle cannot move like a normal healthy muscle, it cannot contract well and send blood out of the heart.

Therefore, a small amount of blood flow enters the aorta. Sometimes the thickness of the muscle at the site of the aortic valve also increases and stenosis of the aortic valve also occurs.


HCM symptoms

People with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may not have specific clinical signs in the early stages of their disorder.

Gradually with the development of heart muscle disorders and problems, cardiomyopathy will also be symptomatic.

Symptoms will manifest:



History, along with medication list and family history, along with cardiac examination, raises suspicion of cardiomyopathy in physician.

To prove it:

Are used.


Complications of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy



Treatment of cardiomyopathy is determined depending on the severity of the disorder and the symptoms and complications:


What can be done to prevent non-hereditary types of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?