If you think that someone is constantly watching you, you probably have paranoid or paranoid illness. If you want to know more about this disorder or disease, we recommend that you read on. Paranoia is a personality disorder which makes some people doubt, pessimistic.

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A person whose behavior and thoughts are strange and unusual A person who does not trust anyone. A person who is generally pessimistic about the people around him and is suspicious of all situations and events and constantly believes that others want to hurt him and most importantly Unable to control his anger. If in the past, if someone hurts him, he cannot forget it, he thinks that others always have bad intentions and intend to deceive him. These people probably have a personality disorder called paranoia.



The prevalence of paranoid disorder in the normal population is said to be about half to two and a half percent. Sexually, the disorder is more common in men. The disorder is said to be more common in minority groups as well as deaf people and immigrants.


What causes paranoid personality disorder?

It is not clear what the main cause of such a personality disorder is, but doctors say there are hypotheses about the source of the disorder. For example, they say the disease may involve a combination of biological and psychological factors. Schizophrenia is more common and this association indicates a strong genetic link between these two psychological disorders.

A person with this disorder has experienced severe emotional, mental, and physical pain as a child. For example, as a child, his parents may have paid too much attention to him and supported him too much. Or the parents may have been so angry with the child that the child felt very insecure, and the combination of these issues caused the person to develop paranoid disorder at an older age.



This personality disorder causes the sufferer to exhibit behaviors that are easily perceived by others. If there is a person who has at least four of the following, it is very likely that the person has paranoid disorder. These are as follows:

This person usually always thinks that he is being deceived, harmed and abused by others without any logical basis.

When he feels that someone is insulting his character or threatening his reputation, even if the person feels wrong or the audience does not have such a goal, the person with paranoid disorder immediately becomes angry and cannot control his anger and behaves in a completely aggressive manner. And he will treat the audience with a very aggressive behavior.

This person does not like to trust anyone

This person is always afraid that if another person has information about him, he will one day use it against him and cause him harassment. Usually, these people immediately consider the opinion of others as a threat and a humiliating behavior. These people consider the words and behavior of others as a conspiracy against them without any fundamental reason and without any logic. These people are pessimistic about their partner or spouse.


What can be done for people with this disorder?

We must say that a person with this disorder is not in control of any of his behaviors and speech. This means that, it does not happen consciously. In fact, this type of disorder is a personality disorder and it is as if a person has a mental illness. So it is very difficult to understand such people and even in some cases it becomes unbearable because of the anger and rage and reactions that he gets. But it is natural not to be indifferent and to treat them. The best way is to see and get advice from a psychiatrist. In some cases, misdiagnosis and wrong actions and treatment have been seen with these people, which has aggravated the disorders.

Therefore, it is necessary for people who think that someone is always taking care of them and if someone looks at them and they have paranoid disorder, they should be taken by those around them to see a psychiatrist and appropriate clinics.



There is no specific and exclusive test to diagnose this disorder, this means that, there is no test that a person performs in the laboratory and the diagnosis of his disease is confirmed. Your doctor will usually look for symptoms to diagnose the disorder.

It also raises questions based on its initial diagnosis and suspicion that the patient has the disorder to examine the sufferer’s moods, behaviors, and reactions to them. Therefore, by observing the symptoms, all the patient’s medical and psychiatric records, as well as a complete physical examination, the diagnosis of this disease by the psychiatrist will be recorded.

If no physical signs are found to prove the disease, psychiatrists, psychologists, and mental health professionals will certainly be effective in diagnosing it. This set provides the necessary training to help the patient in a completely specialized way.


What are the types of treatment for paranoid disorder?

The main and most basic treatment is psychotherapy and it is strongly recommended that this psychotherapy should be performed by a therapist who is trained in this field and has sufficient expertise and experience. On the other hand, medication may be used to control symptoms and improve a person’s condition.

Medication and psychotherapy are actually the main ways to control and improve paranoid disorder.

Doubt may increase with medication, and it has even been observed that a person refuses to continue taking medication. If the patient experiences anxiety and conditioned stress and severe hallucinations, then these symptoms and manifestations should be controlled with medication.

Doctors say the main, most basic and most effective treatment for paranoid is psychotherapy. People with this disorder face much more difficult and profound behavioral problems as well as difficulty in relating to people and interacting with others. Therefore, it is necessary to start treatment as soon as possible in order for these people to have a good quality of life.

In order to achieve the appropriate treatment result and also to encourage the patient to continue participating in treatment sessions and taking medication, the therapist must have established a very strong and correct relationship with the patient.

Due to severe pessimism, the patient usually does not consent to this communication easily and often leaves the treatment unfinished.

Therefore, a therapist is an experienced therapist who can establish a correct and stable relationship between himself and the patient and build trust in him so that he can treat the patient by continuing treatment sessions. Paranoid treatment is very difficult because of this difficulty of trust and doubt and also other personality disorders. Many people suffer from treatment failure. But we must say that these people will need treatment until the moment of death.


How should those around you treat a person with this disorder?

A person with this disorder has behaviors that he himself does not have insight and knowledge about. One of the strategies that you can use to help these people is to get acquainted with the following:

Life with these people is difficult and sometimes even unbearable. To avoid further harm, if you are in contact with these people, we recommend that you pay attention to the following points and follow them.

Try to avoid isolating these people One of the most distressing effects that this disorder has on a person is to isolate that person due to misconceptions about others and only aggravation and isolation aggravates the disease., so you, as a partner, spouse or relatives of the infected person, it is better to prevent that person from being isolated. You should encourage the sufferer to be in the family as well as to interact and participate in social groups.

For some reason, the patient may or may not be able to communicate easily with adults. In these people, children are better choices. It is also recommended that in these people to reduce anxiety and help the body and soul is very suitable to get help from pets. Domestic dogs are a great choice, especially because of their loving and loyal nature.

It is better not to be in a position of judgment when we are in contact with these people. When these patients are judged, they will suffer more. if your child or spouse or close friend has the disease, it is best to first find support groups that are in the same situation as you.

Be sure to seek help from a therapist and counselor. With their guidance, you will be able to both understand the patient’s condition and adapt to his condition and pursue a comfortable life.


The final words

Finally, it should be noted that although we have said above that most of the time a person feels that someone is constantly monitoring him / her. And looking at him can be a sign of paranoid personality disorder, but these symptoms can be a sign and symptom of a psychotic disease called schizophrenia or its subdivisions. To differentiate between personality disorder and psychotic illness, it is necessary to be examined by a psychiatrist and make the correct diagnosis.

It is necessary to say that these people do not want to go to the doctor because they do not have insight into the unreality of their beliefs and expressions. So you, as a friend, spouse and people around you, have a duty to take the person to the doctor to save him / her from the unreal world in which he / she is.