Brand: NovoMix, Lansulin
Application: Type 2 diabetes (Mellitus)
Brand of short-acting insulins
Actrapid, Humulin S, Fast Insuman, Neutral Beef Hypurin, Epidra, Humalog, NovoRapid, Neutral Pork Hypurin
Medium and long-acting insulin brand
Levemir, Elantus, Hypurin Beef Linte, Insulatard, Hypurin Bovine Protamine Zinc, Insulatard, Humulin I, Basuman Insuman, Hypurin Beef Isophane, Hypurin Goat Isophane
Brand of biphasic insulins
NovoMix 30, Humalog Mix25, Humalog Mix50, Humulin M3, Insuman Comb 15, Insuman Comb 25, Insuman Comb 50, Hypurin Goat Ice Cream 30/70 Mix
Insulin Medication Information
Medication Information: Insulin is a hormone that is naturally made in the body by the pancreas. This helps control blood sugar levels. If your body does not make enough insulin to meet its needs, or if it does not use the insulin it makes effectively, a condition called diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus) develops.
People with diabetes need treatment to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in their blood; Because good blood sugar control reduces the risk of further complications. The insulin produced is similar to our natural human insulin. It can also be derived from animals (called goat insulin and bovine insulin), although this type of insulin is rarely used today. Insulin cannot be used orally because it is destroyed by digestive enzymes. Therefore, it is injected just below the surface of the skin. As a result, insulin is injected under the skin using a syringe and needle or an injection device (such as a pre-filled pen).
There are several different types of this drug. Types of insulin are classified according to how fast and for how long they work (how effective they are). Short-acting or soluble insulin acts quickly and is injected before a meal. Medium and long-acting insulin take longer to work, and the effects are longer. Biphasic insulin products include both short-acting insulin and medium or long-acting insulin. There are also different brands of insulin listed above. The type and brand of insulin that your doctor prescribes for you is tailored to your needs. Pay attention to the brand of insulin and always prepare the same insulin for injection.
Contraindications to insulin
- Pay attention to the expiration date of the medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.
- Never give the medicine to anyone else, even if you have the same symptoms.
- Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor. Because you have low blood sugar.
- Check for drug interactions and be sure to tell your doctor what other medications you are taking.
Drug interaction with insulin
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Many medications can affect your blood sugar levels and make it difficult to control your blood sugar. Before you start, stop, or change any medication, talk to your doctor or pharmacist about how to take the medicine (the medicine that works on your blood sugar level). Check your blood sugar levels regularly and consult your doctor if you notice a sudden change in your blood sugar (high or low blood sugar). If you have serious side effects, talk to your doctor about changing your medication dose, exercise program, and diet.
Beta-blockers (such as metoprolol, propranolol, glaucoma eye drops such as thymolol) may prevent heart palpitations, which are commonly felt during hypoglycemia. Other symptoms of low blood sugar, such as dizziness, hunger, or sweating, are not affected by these medications.
Tips to consider before taking insulin
It is best to let your doctor know the following before taking insulin:
- If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding. Because your insulin needs change during pregnancy and lactation.
- If you have any kidney or liver disease.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a medicine.
- If you are currently taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
Possible side effects of insulin
Apart from hypoglycemia, this drug has very few side effects. You may feel some small lumps at the injection site, but if you change the injection site regularly, these small lumps will be prevented from forming.
How to store insulin
- Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.
- Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.
- You can keep this medicine at room temperature for a few weeks, but it should be below 25 degrees and away from direct light. Read on insulin and note how long you can keep the insulin out of the refrigerator, after which do not use insulin that has been out of the refrigerator.
- It is best to keep this medicine in the refrigerator until you need it.