If you are one of those people who constantly feel cold. If you want to know if anemia can cause a cold, we recommend that you read on. It is said that our body feels cold. It is a natural reaction of the body in response to the conditions around it.
There are many people who feel cold all the time, and it may happen to you that even when shaking hands with your friends and relatives, you realize that some people’s hands are always cold. The reason for this is that the feeling of constant cold in different people depends on many things.
Although many of these causes are not very serious and dangerous, but we should know that some of these factors can be considered serious and potentially dangerous. For more information and answers, read the rest of this article.
What causes us to feel cold all the time?
You may be one of those people who, even at moderate temperatures and in environments where other people do not have a cold, experience a cold sensation, especially in your fingers. This may be a sign of a problem in your body. Some of the common causes of this problem are listed below.
- Circulatory problems in the arteries:
A person may not be able to pump enough blood into the body’s arteries because his or her heart is failing to pump blood. For example, a person with a defective heart or a person who has obstructions and blockages in the bloodstream such as cholesterol plaque. When your heart is not able to pump enough blood to your body as it should, you may feel cold, numb, and even tingling in your fingers and toes. The feet and toes are too far away from your heart, and this long distance causes less blood to reach them.
If you are a smoker, following the use of cigarettes due to the nicotine in cigarettes, you will have blood vessels constrict. If you are a smoker, following these contractions and tightness, the rate of blood flow to the extremities, especially the hands, feet, and fingers, will decrease.
- Raynaud’s phenomenon:
Raynaud’s can occur in both primary and secondary forms when the blood vessels in the fingers and sometimes the blood vessels of the toes, earlobes, nose become narrow in response to cold or emotional stress and anxiety. Raynaud’s disorder occurs during this phenomenon of the fingers. They turn white first, then blue Because the small blood flow reaches this part little or not at all, When the narrowed blood vessels return to normal blood flow, the skin turns red. So whitening, turning blue and reddening the skin are the three main stages of a Raynaud’s attack.
Usually, a person with a Raynaud’s attack will experience a feeling of coldness, numbness, tingling, and pain in the fingers. It is said that most cases of people suffering from Raynaud’s phenomenon have no specific reason for this problem. In other words, people with Raynaud’s can use these methods to manage the disorder well by managing lifestyle changes such as wearing gloves in cold environments, even when taking food out of the refrigerator, and controlling emotional stress.
- Autoimmune diseases:
Sometimes the occurrence of Raynaud’s phenomenon may be due to an underlying disease. Usually, autoimmune diseases such as lupus scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases can lead to Raynaud’s disease. When Raynaud’s occurs because of an underlying disease or disorder, doctors call it secondary Raynaud’s. Usually, severe fatigue, joint pain, swollen joints, and skin problems can be other symptoms that present with an underlying autoimmune disorder. Usually, secondary Raynaud’s disease will improve when the underlying disease is diagnosed and treated.
- Diseases and disorders of the thyroid gland
The thyroid gland plays a very important role in regulating our body’s metabolism by producing and secreting thyroid hormone when a person’s thyroid function is impaired. Obviously, a person may feel unusually cold or have a cold in their fingers in an environment where other people have not had a problem.
The thyroid gland is said to act as the thermostat of the human body, with people with hypothyroidism slowing down almost all of their body functions. These people can experience manifestations such as constipation, weight gain, fatigue and a feeling of cold.
In general, women and people over the age of 50 are more likely to develop hypothyroidism due to insufficient thyroid hormone secretion. By starting treatment and controlling hypothyroidism, you will be relieved of the problem of feeling cold.
- low blood pressure:
People with low blood pressure, for example due to dehydration, internal bleeding, certain medications, and endocrine problems. Blood vessels divert blood flow from the extremities, such as the arms and legs, to vital organs such as the brain.
For this reason, due to low blood flow to the arms and legs, a person with low blood pressure may experience constant cold in addition to symptoms such as blurred vision, dizziness, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, and weakness.
- Psychological stresses:
We must say that stress and mental disorders will affect different parts of the human body. When a person experiences chronic stress, their body enters a constant state of war and flight. Adrenaline increases, and this hormone is one of the results of the contraction of blood vessels in your hands and toes. This contraction causes these people to constantly feel cold in their fingers. People can usually control their anxiety and stress symptoms by seeing a doctor and doing activities such as meditation, yoga and maintaining quality sleep.
Some medications may cause a cold sensation in a person’s fingers. These medications cause the blood vessels to constrict, and this contraction is followed by a secondary Raynaud’s as a side effect of the drug. These include beta-blockers such as sotalol, atenolol, and so on. Some medications used to treat migraines and anticonvulsants can also be associated with this complication. In these cases, it is better to consult your doctor and adjust or change the medicine with his opinion.
From now on, it is better to talk more about the subject of this article, which is the connection between feeling cold and anemia. First, we will give a brief description and in the rest of the article, we will describe the types of anemia in more detail. Anemia is said to occur when the human body has red blood cells or a protein inside red blood cells called hemoglobin.
Its job is to transfer oxygen from the lungs to the body’s cells. Obviously, a person with anemia cannot get enough oxygen because of a decrease in the number of red blood cells or a change in the quality of hemoglobin, which carries oxygen from the lungs to the cells. This is usually accompanied by a feeling of coldness in the person with anemia. He or she may also experience fatigue, headaches, dizziness, pale skin, and shortness of breath due to anemia. The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency anemia. In the following, we will talk more about anemia and its types.
Could anemia be the reason we feel cold or not?
Anemia is a disorder in which a person with anemia does not have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body’s cells. There are different types of anemia, each with its own cause. The person may have temporary or long-term anemia or mild or severe anemia. The best advice for a person who is suspected of having anemia is to see a doctor to diagnose the type of anemia and start treatment on time.
What is anemia?
Blood disorders are common and occur when the number of red blood cells is low or the quality of the blood cells in a person’s body is different from normal blood cells, also if the red blood cells do not have enough hemoglobin or normal hemoglobin.
It also leads to anemia. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to all cells in the body, so when a person has a low red blood cell count or poor red blood cell count, the amount of oxygen in the blood will be lower than normal and less oxygen will reach the body’s cells. Many symptoms of anemia occur as a result of a lack of oxygen supply to the body’s cells.
Women, as well as people with chronic illnesses, are at higher risk for anemia
Causes of anemia and its types
There are several causes for anemia The following conditions can lead to anemia.
The conditions are as follows:
- Anemia can occur as a result of the loss of a large amount of blood or, in other words, as a result of chronic and severe bleeding.
- anemias can occur following the loss of red blood cells or hemolysis in the body
- Anemia may be due to decreased red blood cell production due to a variety of chronic diseases such as cancer or thalassemia or iron deficiency.
In all three groups, there will be a decrease in the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow.
What are the signs and symptoms of anemia?
Manifestations of anemia are said to depend on the cause of the anemia. At first, anemia causes very mild symptoms that may not seem like it, but as the anemia progresses and worsen and the symptoms get worse. The most common symptoms and manifestations of anemia are as follows:
- Pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
- Chest pain
- feeling cold, especially cold hands and feet
Folic acid, vitamin B12 and iron are essential for the production, and maturation of red blood cells in the human body. About 0.8-1% of the body’s red blood cells are renewed every day. Our body’s red blood cells are about one hundred to one hundred and twenty days old.
Any process and any factor that negatively affects this balance, the balance between the production and death of red blood cells, can lead to anemia in the body. Causes of anemia will return to a decrease in the production of red blood cells or their destruction in the body. The factors affecting the reduction of red blood cell production in the body are as follows:
- Inadequate stimulation of red blood cell production in the bone marrow, which is caused by a hormone produced by the kidneys, so a decrease in this hormone due to insufficiency and general problems can cause anemia. Erythropoietin is the name of this hormone.
- Insufficient intake of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid
All three of these factors can reduce the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow and cause anemia.
Other causes that can reduce the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow include scar tissue or fibrosis inside the bone marrow.
As we said, it is the loss or rupture of red blood cells that occurs abnormally. It is called hemolysis. Some drugs or blood disorders, such as arrhythmias, can cause hemolysis. Hemolysis can lead to anemia. Disorders of the liver or spleen can also cause anemia. These disorders can be associated with abnormal erythrocyte hemolysis.
As we said, the next cause was excessive blood loss, so people who suffer from severe and chronic bleeding will also suffer from anemia. Severe bleeding in people can occur due to the following events:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding in women
- Bleeding following surgery
- Bleeding in labor
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
- Bleeding following accidents
- People with cirrhosis of the liver and their body is not able to do the coagulation process well.
- women with excessive uterine bleeding
Another group of causes that can manifest with anemia in humans is genetic problems and disorders. Some of these genetic disorders that are associated with anemia are described below:
- Sickle cell anemia
- Glucose-six-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
In general, we must say that the most common cause of anemia in humans worldwide is iron deficiency anemia. Iron intake is used as a major indicator to assess people’s health. What the World Health Organization says is that approximately two billion people worldwide have anemia, and a high percentage of these people have iron deficiency anemia.
What are the nutritional requirements for people with anemia?
As we said, there is a type of anemia that is caused by a decrease in the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow due to a lack of certain substances in the body. Therefore, it is recommended that these people have a proper nutrition program on a daily basis.
The most common cause of anemia in the world is iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is said to be caused by blood loss. Women need more iron and folic acid during pregnancy and lactation.
In the following, we will say how much these substances will be received by people of any gender and in any age group.
The recommended standard for iron intake is as follows:
- In women between the ages of nineteen and fifty, eighteen mg daily
- In men, for ages nineteen to fifty, eight mg daily
- Women during pregnancy twenty-seven mg daily
- Men and women over fifty, eight mg daily
If you do not get enough iron in your diet, your doctor may prescribe appropriate supplements.
The following substances are good sources of iron:
- Red Meat
- Beef Chicken
- Turkey meat
- Fish and seafood
- Enriched grains
- Vitamin B12
It should be noted that iron in plant products is not as absorbable as iron in meat.
What are the side effects of anemia?
If you have anemia and leave it unattended and untreated, you may have the following side effects:
- Pregnancy problems:
Women with iron deficiency anemia can experience preterm labor more often than healthy women.
- Severe fatigue:
These people become so tired that they even stop doing their daily activities.
- Causes heart problems:
An important complication of anemia is that it is rooting in your heart problems. Anemia can speed up your heart rate or cause irregular heartbeats or arrhythmias. It is normal for a person to have anemia when the heart pumps more blood to compensate for the lack of oxygen in the body. This process compensates by increasing the heart rate, and as the condition becomes chronic, the person progresses to heart failure.
Many inherited anemias, such as some types of sickle cell anemia, can be really life-threatening. These people need to be treated. People who lose a large amount of blood suddenly and quickly are also at risk for death.