Application: Acne or pimples
Pharmaceutical forms of isotretinoin
- Capsules, gels
Isotretinoin Capsule Drug Information
Acne or pimples are a major cause of blemishes on the face. The most common age of acne is 12-25 years, but younger or older people may also get it. There are small sebaceous glands under the skin that secrete sebum to keep the skin surface smooth. The small pores in the skin are the way these fats enter the surface of the skin. In acne, some of these pores become clogged, causing blackheads and whiteheads. Isotretinoin belongs to a group of drugs known as retinoids, which are substances related to vitamin A.
Isotretinoin capsules are used in combination with other antibiotics to treat severe acne. This drug reduces the production of natural sebum in the skin and inflammation. Isotretinoin capsules are prescribed by a dermatologist.
Isotretinoin is also available topically. See the page for more information on topical isotretinoin.
Dosage and method of isotretinoin capsules
- Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with isotretinoin capsules. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
- The dose and amount of isotretinoin capsules vary from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.
- Different cycles (5, 10, 20 and 40 mg) of this medicine are available, and your doctor will adjust the dose of the medicine during your treatment according to the severity of the disease and your recovery process.
- Isotretinoin capsules can irritate the throat. To prevent this, drink it with plenty of water. Do not open or chew the capsules.
- The course of treatment with isotretinoin capsules is about 4-6 months.
- Take this medicine after a meal or snack.
- If you forget to take your daily dose of isotretinoin capsules at the scheduled time but soon forget to take the medicine; But if you remember when the next dose is near the hour, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.
Contraindications to the use of isotretinoin capsules
- Note the expiration date of the isotretinoin capsule and do not take it if your medicine has expired.
- Never give isotretinoin capsules to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
- Check for drug interactions Isotretinoin capsules, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Taking isotretinoin capsules during pregnancy and lactation
You should not take isotretinoin capsules during pregnancy and lactation or before pregnancy. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.
The effect of isotretinoin capsules on driving and working with machines
Isotretinoin may cause headaches and eye pain and affect your vision, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.
Isotretinoin drug interactions
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Before using the medicine, make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you are taking and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Especially if drugs such as tetracyclines (eg, minocycline, tetracycline), vitamin A drugs (eg, tretinoin, bexarotene), vitamin A, and drugs that cause bone loss (e.g. For example, you are taking anticonvulsant drugs (such as phenytoin, corticosteroids such as prednisolone).
Use a reliable contraceptive method with isotretinoin. Talk to your doctor if you have spotting or bleeding, as this may be a sign that your contraceptive method is not working well.
Special warnings and precautions when taking isotretinoin capsules
Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to know the following before taking isotretinoin capsules:
- If you decide to have a baby, if you are pregnant or if you are breast-feeding.
- If you have kidney or liver problems.
- If you have a problem with high fat.
- If you have diabetes mellitus.
- If you have dry eyes.
- If your vitamin A levels are high.
- If you have a mental illness or depression.
- If you are currently taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether prescribed to you or your doctor, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have ever been allergic to a particular medicine or if you are allergic to peanuts or soy.
Side effects of isotretinoin
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
- Headache, back pain, joint and muscle pain: Ask your doctor to prescribe a suitable painkiller.
- Dry skin and lips
- Dry eyes, sore eyes
- Dry mouth and throat
- Dry nose and nosebleeds
- bloody urine
- Change in the results of some blood tests
Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of isotretinoin capsules.
Isotretinoin overdose (drug poisoning)
- Do not take isotretinoin capsules more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.
- If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as vomiting, stomach pain, hot flashes, headache, loss of balance, shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room right away.
Storage conditions of isotretinoin capsules
- Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
- Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.