Kidney stone which is also called renal calculi is a common cause of bloody urine (hematuria) and severe pain in the abdomen, hips and groin.
If you or your relatives have symptoms or if you have a history of kidney stones. In this article, we will introduce you to different types of Kidney stone diet recipes.
What are kidney and urinary tract stones?
They are hard, sometimes crystalline tissues that form in the kidneys or urinary tract for a variety of reasons. Thinner stones than the ureters (tubes that carry urine out of the kidneys) pass into the bladder and may cause severe pain through your urine. (With blood). Severe pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever may occur in people with kidney stones.
Kidney stone diet recipes
In this article, we will discuss the proper diet for kidney stones
- Nutrition in calcium oxalate rocks:
- Excessive water consumption is the most important part of the treatment regimen in calcium oxalate stones
- In ancient times, dairy consumption restrictions were recommended to these people. Today, doctors and researchers believe that people with oxalate kidney stones should consume at least one gram of calcium per day.
- Decreased oral calcium intake in these people increases renal excretion of oxalate and consequently stone formation. Yogurt, low-fat milk and cheese, and broccoli are good for providing calcium to these people
When there is enough calcium in the food that enters the intestines, it combines with the oxalate in the intestines and no more oxalate is absorbed by the intestines when it enters the bloodstream and reaches the kidneys.
The appropriate amount for dairy consumption in people with calcium oxalate stones is as follows:
- Two glasses of low-fat milk
- Or two glasses of low-fat yogurt
- Or about thirty grams of low-fat cheese
- The original food sources of oxalate should be eliminated to reduce oxalate intake. These materials include:
Spinach, rhubarb, leeks, wheat germ, raisins, raspberries, tea, strawberries, cherries, plums, tomatoes, beets, parsley, eggplant, carrots, green peppers, coffee and Nescafe, chocolate, cocoa and nuts
- Animal proteins (meats) and eggs should be consumed in moderation
- Reduce sodium salt intake
(Increasing the consumption of salty foods increases the excretion of calcium from the kidneys and thus the formation of calcium stones)
- Consumption of sugar and sweets should be limited because these substances will increase the excretion of calcium from the kidneys.
- Replace sodium salts with potassium salts. Low potassium intake in foods can be associated with an increased risk of calcium oxalate urinary stones.
Diet in people with uric acid kidney stones
If your kidney stones are made of uric acid, the following dietary recommendations are appropriate:
- Reduce consumption of purine foods:
Increasing the consumption of purine-containing products will increase the amount of uric acid in the urin
Purine enters the body through the consumption of animal proteins such as meats and eggs, so if you have this type of kidney stone, you should drink plenty of water and consider the restriction of animal protein consumption.
Diet in people with cystic fibrosis
- It is very important to consume about four liters of water during the day and night
- Foods should prevent acidic urine
- Reduce consumption of foods containing cysteine and methionine
(People with this type of stone have too much cysteine in their urine, which we call cystinuria)
- Consumption of sodium salts and saline products should be reduced
- Reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages
How much water is needed to prevent kidney stones?
If you have kidney stones, you should always drink enough water so that your urine is clear, so drink about three liters of water. Also, if you have kidney stones, you should drink enough water to wake up once a night to urinate.
It is recommended that people with cysteine kidney stones wake up during the night to drink water. It is better for people to drink four liters of water a day.
The effect of taking calcium pills on kidney stones
Calcium-containing supplements used to prevent osteoporosis will not be a problem, especially if they are in the form of calcium citrate.
Who is most at risk for kidney stones?
The following groups are more likely to develop kidney stones than others:
- fat people
- People with dehydration
- People with hyperthyroidism
- People who have a diet rich in animal protein, salt and sugar
- People with intestinal inflammation
- People with a history of gastric bypass (gastric bypass surgery)
- Taking some medications, including:
- Calcium-containing anti acids
- And some anticonvulsant drugs
Which substances acidify the urine?
Foods that make your urine acidic. includes options below:
- Red Meat
- Chicken and fish
- Cereals and bread
- Green tomatoes and plums
What substances make urine alkaline?
Substances that cause urine to become alkaline include:
- Vegetables and fruits except lentils, corn, green tomatoes and plums
- Dairy in moderation except cheese
In patients with uric acid stones or people with urinary cysteine kidney stones, it is better to be alkaline.