Are you worried about Left side female abdominal pain ? Does this pain bother you? Do you wanna know about causes and how to treat it then keep reading.
Causes of pain in the left side female abdomen may be benign i.e. due to some small reason not so serious such as gas pain, or can be a more serious concern , as in the case of an infection.
People who experience continuous or chronic pain in the lower abdomen should seek medical attention. Similarly, a sudden onset of severe pain in the left side female abdomen may require immediate medical care as well. There are many causes for this pain most dangerous cause can be ovarian torsion and rectal tumour.
What are the causes of left side female abdominal pain in females?
Let’s discuss them one by one :
Left side female abdomen pain can be due to many causes, but Diverticulitis is one of the most common causes of lower left abdominal pain. Diverticulitis occurs when small pouches called Diverticula, in the intestinal wall become infected and inflamed . Diverticula are formed in weak spots of the large intestine, which is mostly referred to as the colon.
Diverticula are present in many young adults but usually it’s more common in old age. As a person ages, the number of diverticula increases, making more chances of tearing or swelling. After having meal or sometimes even during eating this pain tends to increase.
Additional symptoms of diverticulitis may include following :
- tenderness in the abdomen
- feeling bloated
- Celiac disease:
Celiac disease is a chronic condition that occurs in the digestive tract when a person is unable to digest gluten. Gluten is a protein found in many cereals like wheat corn and is present in several other foods and healthcare products.
When a person is suffering from celiac disease, their immune system attacks portions of the intestine, causing a series of digestive problems and vitamin deficiencies.
Symptoms of celiac disease may include following:
- pressure and gas
- pain in the abdomen
- Weight loss
Children who have undiagnosed celiac disease may also suffer from malnourishment and even growth impediments as a result of the condition.
Gas is often trapped in the digestive tract by two reasons first when a person swallows air while eating, as well as through natural digestion processes. Typically, gas is not a matter of concern and will pass through either the rectum or esophagus.
Gas that is temporarily trapped in the digestive tract can cause pain and discomfort until it moves out of the system.
Gas can be caused by following :
- digesting foods that are prone to releasing gas
- swallowing air
- chewing gum
- undigested foods
If the gas pain is frequent or accompanied by other symptoms, a person should check with a doctor.
Other symptoms include following :
- unexplainable weight loss
- blood in stool or when wiping
- vomiting or diarrhea
- Lactose intolerance:
A person who is lactose intolerant has trouble digesting milk and milk-based products, such as cheese , butter milk and yogurt because the person lacks good amount of an enzyme called lactase.
Lactase breaks down the lactose in milk, so lactose is not broken down into sugars glucose and galactose. When a person has high levels of lactose in their bloodstream, symptoms of intolerance will be developed. These symptoms include:
- loose stool or diarrhea
- pain in the abdomen
- gas pain
- a growling or rumbling stomach
- Inflammatory bowel diseases:
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic conditions that can cause painful inflammation anywhere in the digestive tract that don’t have a specific area.
Crohn’s disease is most common in the small intestine, and ulcerative colitis is most common in the colon i.e. large intestine.
It is unknown what causes Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. Two most common symptoms include pain in the abdomen and bloody diarrhea. Other symptoms can also be present like fever and unexplainable weight loss.
Indigestion is caused by a build up of acid after having a meal. For most people, indigestion pain usually occurs in the upper part of the abdomen, While indigestion rarely occurs in the lower part of the abdomen. Typically, most cases of indigestion are mild not that serve. Following are the Symptoms of indigestion ; burning sensation, slight pain or discomfort, heartburn, bloating, or gas.
Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox i.e. varicella Zonster virus. Once a person gets inflected by chickenpox, the virus stays dormant in the body for their entire life. Sometimes, the virus reappears in later stage if life , causing pain and a rash that wraps around one side of the abdomen. Vaccines have been developed to help reduce the risk of a person developing the disease later in life.
Symptoms of shingles include following:
- pain when touched
- tenderness on the skin
- blisters that may break open and scar
A person may feel itchiness on one area of the skin after that rash appears. They may also have a fever or experience general malaise. Once the rash appears, the pain can become more severe.
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS):
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder that a doctor can diagnose after ruling out other possible cause.
Symptoms of IBS may include following:
- abdominal pain
- constipation or diarrhea
A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through the abdominal wall and forms a bulge. Sometimes, a lump may appear in the midsection or near the groin. There are Different types of hernias that can occur, and they vary according to the underlying cause. Because hernias can cause many other complications , it is essential to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Some additional symptoms of hernia complications include following:
- pain when lifting an object
- increasing pain
- increasing size of a bulge
- a general feeling of fullness
Most stones are formed from calcium build-up and can form in either side of body, the right or left kidney.
A person may develop a kidney stone and not realize they have it until the stone causes sone serious problems, such as blocking part of the kidney or causing great pain as it passes.
Typical symptoms of kidney stones include following:
- abdominal pain
- pain when urinating
- nausea or vomiting
- blood in the urine
- frequent urination
- Intestinal obstruction:
When a blockage occurs in the intestine, food cannot pass through the digestive tract which results in a painful obstruction that needs immediate medical attention.
Intestinal obstructions are more common in old adults and are Usually caused by other conditions, such as diverticulitis or colon cancer.
Common symptoms of an intestinal obstruction include following :
- abdominal pain
- inability to pass stool
- Ovarian torsion:
What Is Ovarian Torsion?
Ovarian torsion happens when an ovary becomes twisted around the ligaments that support it. Sometimes, the fallopian tube may also twist. This painful condition cuts off blood supply.
Ovarian torsion is a critical medical emergency. If not treated quickly, it can result in loss of an ovary it is that severe. Doctors agree that it’s an uncommon diagnosis its not that common doesn’t happen on daily basis. Ovarian torsion most likely happens is ovarian cysts are also present . using hormonal birth control or other medications help reduce the size of the cysts.
What are the symptoms?
Ovarian torsion can cause following symptoms:
- severe, sudden pain in the lower abdomen
This condition never occurs without pain, pain is always along. If you’re experiencing nausea or vomiting without
pain, you have a different underlying condition not ovarian torsion.
13 . Ectopic pregnancy:
What is an ectopic pregnancy?
Ectopic pregnancy, also known as an extra uterine pregnancy, is a common pregnancy complication, in which a fertilized egg implants and develops outside of the uterus, also known as the womb. The word ectopic itself means ‘out of place’. This is often happens due to scarring from earlier pelvis infection or other abnormalities in the pelvic area, but it can also happen without a clear cause.
Early signs of ectopic pregnancy
The most common early signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy include following
- Lower stomach pain. Ectopic pregnancy pain is often located on one side of the body
- Vaginal bleeding, which may be dark, watery and heavier, lighter or more prolonged than a normal period
- Pregnancy symptoms such as a missed menstrual period, breast tenderness, frequent urination or nausea
- Rectal cancer
Rectal cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the rectum. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine. It starts at the end of the final segment of your colon and ends when it reaches narrow passage leading to the anus. Signs and symptoms of rectal cancer include following:
- Dark maroon or bright red blood in stool
- A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely
- Abdominal pain
- Unexplained weight loss
- Weakness or fatigue
- Anal fissure:
An anal fissure is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines around the anus. An anal fissure can occur when one passes a hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures typically cause severe pain and bleeding with bowel movements. One may experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of your anus.
- consumption of medications:
Many prescription and non-prescription medications can be the cause of abdominal pain or cramping. A few examples are following:
- Aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen
- Iron supplements.
Diagnosis left side female abdominal pain ?
If lower abdominal pain is persistent or becomes severe or prolonged enough, a doctor can use a variety of techniques to explore the possible causes and identify a course of treatment.
Following are few tests that can help :
- CT scans
- ultrasound imaging
- MRI scans
physical examination, including pressing on the area to identify whether the individual experiences pain when touches or locating any suspicious lumps
endoscopy, a procedure in which a doctor inserts a tube with an attached light and camera down through the throat into the stomach, producing an image of the lower abdomen
Treatment of left side female abdominal pain?
The type of treatment will depend cause of the disease .
Lower abdominal pain due to an infection, like diverticulitis, will mostly only require antibiotics and resting as treatment.
Other, more structural problems, such as a hernia or an intestinal obstruction , mostly require surgery.
Treatment for constipation and gas often includes basic dietary changes and, in severe cases, the use of laxatives. For more chronic lower abdominal pain, such as the pain in IBS or Crohn’s, more careful, long-term dietary management can help to manage symptoms and some medications
Treatment for food intolerances, such as lactose intolerance, often involves excluding that milk and it’s by products from the diet.
Treatment for ovarian Torsion is mostly immediate surgery .
When to see a doctor if you have left side female abdominal pain?
Seeing a doctor for abdominal pain becomes important whenever the pain is sudden unexplainable or is accompanied by other symptoms.
- A doctor will need to examine and take proper history for chronic or persistent pain to rule out any serious underlying causes.
- A doctor can diagnose the cause of the pain and develop a treatment according to the underlying cause of lower left abdominal pain.
- Seeing a doctor if nausea vomiting and pain continues for more than 6 hours besides taking medicine.