One type of IBD, or inflammatory bowel disease, is Crohn’s disease, named in honor of Dr. Burrill, B. Crohn, the first physician to describe the disorder.
Inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract of these patients causes problems that will affect the life of the patient and those around him.
Although consecutive treatments can partially prevent the severity of symptoms and the number of Crohn’s inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease increases the risk of death.
Researchers say this high death rate means 2.2 years, reducing life expectancy in people under observation until the age of sixty-five.
Also, the death rate of children and people with IBD under the age of eighteen is three to five times higher than healthy people in the same age group.
” Most young people with IBD do not die sooner than their peers, but people with severe complications, including cancer, are at increased risk for relative death.,” says Dr. Olen, who has researched IBD mortality.
What is the most common cause of death in Crohn’s disease?
The immune system normally attacks external and foreign agents and dangerous infectious agents. In Crohn’s, the immune system mistakenly assumes and attacks natural and beneficial bacteria inside the intestines, causing inflammation, ulcers and other problems.
Genetics and race play a role in Crohn’s disease. Eastern Europeans, especially Jews, are more likely to be infected, and northern geographies are more likely to be infected than southerners. It is more common in developed societies than in underdeveloped countries.
What is the cause of Crohn’s?
The disease can affect the entire length of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus, but most Crohn’s infections occur at the end of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine.
The entire thickness of the intestinal wall changes and becomes inflamed at the site of involvement, sometimes there are healthy areas between the affected areas along the intestinal wall.
What are the areas involved in Crohn’s disease?
- Diarrhea and heartburn
- Weight Loss
- Fistulas, inflamed abscesses, etc., especially in the lower right quarter of the abdomen
- Nausea / vomiting
- Decreased appetite
- Intestinal fistulas
- Anal bleeding
- Skin rash and joint pain (especially in Crohn’s granulomatous colitis)
Common symptoms of Crohn’s disease
- Sepsis or the spread of infection through the blood to the internal organs of the body
- Disruption of the balance of sodium, calcium, potassium, chlorine and other electrolytes in the blood
- Having cancer
- About twenty-five to forty percent of people with Crohn’s disease die for reasons related to Crohn’s.
The most common cause of these deaths will be non-cancerous causes due to gastrointestinal or digestive problems, electrolyte disorders of the body and…
Studies have shown that the rest of the deaths can be due to bowel cancers and sometimes bronchogenic cancers.
Crohn’s disease can lead to life-threatening conditions, including severe and pervasive infections (sepsis) and cancers.
The most common complication of Crohn’s disease is intestinal obstruction, which sometimes leads to high-risk conditions that are not easy to control.
The incidence of bowel cancer in people with Crohn’s disease is higher than the normal population; out of every 449 people with Crohn’s disease, eight people have bowel cancer, or about 1.2%.
This is 20 times more likely to occur in people without Crohn’s disease
In complete studies, deaths in Crohn’s disease patients around the age of fifty-nine due to non-Crohn’s disease were no different from those in the normal population.
What are the causes of death in people with Crohn’s disease?
- Infections and sepsis Infections into the bloodstream and eventually septicemia (all of the body’s blood becomes infected); gradually causing the death of internal organs including the kidneys, lungs and liver and eventually death.
Many cases of sepsis occur following emergency surgery in people with Crohn’s disease, so replacing elective surgery with emergency surgery and taking prophylactic antibiotics before surgery reduces the incidence of these events.
Unfortunately, older people are more likely to get infections and die from sepsis
- Pulmonary embolism
- Gastrointestinal cancers
- Metabolic disorders
People with Crohn’s disease are usually diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 35. Most people will live a normal life. Doctors say the site of Crohn’s disease rarely changes during a person’s lifetime.
In rare cases, the affected person may enter the silent phase without treatment and without symptoms or remission of the disease, but medical treatments are necessary to control the quality of life of most patients.