Left arm pain may be a warning sign of a heart attack in your mind. Left arm pain may spread to the elbow and sometimes to the fingertips of your left hand.
If left arm pain worries you or pain in left arm from elbow to hand bothers you, read on:
What causes left arm pain?
Left arm pain has different causes, the most common cause of left arm pain can be pain caused by injuries of the musculoskeletal system, for example, due to excessive hand activity, Pain due to injuries and problems with the musculoskeletal system may start suddenly after a long activity or, for example, carrying a heavy bag and gradually increase in intensity. In addition to left arm pain from elbow to hand, you may have one or more of the following symptoms:
- Redness and swelling of the arm
- Local stiffness
- Swelling of the lymph nodes under the armpits
- Decreased range of motion of the shoulder, elbow or wrist joint
- neck pain
In the following, we will describe the causes of left arm pain from elbow to hand.
Causes of pain in left arm from elbow to hand
- Pressure on the nerves of the area:
When the nerve or nerve fibers that are responsible for innervating the left arm, forearm, and hand by bone, Ligaments, Tendons, Components of the joints around the shoulder (pinched nerve) and components around the cervical spine (cervical radiculopathy) can cause pain in your left arm. This pain can be mild to severe in intensity, or it can only be limited to your arm, or Either it just stays in your arm, or it spreads to the lower elbows, forearms, wrists, and even the fingers of your left hand.
In these cases, in addition to pain in your left arm, elbow, and hand, you may also complain of one or more of the following symptoms:
- Muscular weakness
- Burning sensation
A disc herniation between the cervical vertebrae can also cause conditions and symptoms similar to those mentioned above. A nerve that is pressed for any reason will become inflamed and swollen, and you will have pain when moving your arm.
- Bone fractures or dislocations:
Sometimes pain and reduced range of motion are the only manifestations of a fracture of the humerus or dislocations around the shoulder joint.
The pain of fractures and dislocations will get worse over time or movement. Needless to say, the appearance of your left arm and arm may look perfectly normal, but fractures or dislocations have occurred. Swelling and sometimes numbness may also add to the symptoms.
- bursa inflammation or Bursitis:
The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that surround your joints and help reduce the level of friction and bone contact with ligaments, tendons, other bones, muscles, and so on. Bursae inflammation is called bursitis.
What causes bursitis in the left shoulder is a chronic repetition of left shoulder and arm movements. A common sign of shoulder bursitis that also causes arm pain is that you cannot move the left shoulder and arm as before, you cannot rotate your left shoulder. Sometimes the pain in your left arm extends to your elbows, forearms, wrists and palms, and sometimes there will be numbness and tingling.
- Herniated cervical disk:
Between both vertebrae of your spine is a cartilaginous pad that acts as a shock absorber and pressure balancer, called the intervertebral disc.
When this disc is pushed out of its normal position, which is the space between the two vertebrae, due to the high pressure on the vertebral column, the so-called disc herniation is created between the cervical vertebrae.
A disc that protrudes from its original position on the left side of your neck may put pressure on the nerves in your left cervix, causing left arm pain and sometimes spreading left arm pain to the left hand. This pain usually hurts your neck and sometimes your back
- Rotator cuff tear:
Cracks in the rotator cuff of the left shoulder often occur after lifting a heavy object and cause pain that affects the left arm, and sometimes weakness in the shoulder and left arm following this complication prevents you from doing your normal daily activities.
- Tendonitis or inflammation of the tendons:
Tendons are strong, flexible fibers that hold muscles together in bone.
Tendons in your left shoulder joint or left elbow joint can become stretched and inflamed. Inflammation of tendon is called tendonitis, and both left elbow and left shoulder tendonitis can cause left elbow pain.
After enumerating the causes related to the skeletal system of arm, elbow and left hand pain, we look at other factors that cause left arm pain, such as:
- heart attack:
Pain in one or both arms can be a warning sign of a heart attack. People may also notice one or more of the following symptoms, possibly with left arm pain, which sometimes affects the elbow and left hand:
- Chest pain or Chest Angina
- Shortness of breath
- Cold sweat
- Shoulder, jaw and neck pain
The symptoms of angina will be similar to the symptoms of a heart attack mentioned above, except that the duration of symptoms in angina will be as short as a few minutes.
- Thoracic outlet syndrome:
The clavicle is called the collarbone. Behind these bones and nerves are important arteries. Sometimes trauma and damage to the clavicle can put pressure on the nerves under the bone and cause left or right arm pain. This condition is known as thoracic outlet syndrome. Doctors call the thoracic space between the ribs and the spine the thorax, and “thoracic” means anything that is related to to the thorax.
Symptoms of left thoracic outlet syndrome include:
- Left arm pain sometimes spreads to the lower back
- Weakness of the left arm muscles
- Sometimes swelling of the left arm is accompanied by pain
Other accompanying symptoms include the following (due to vascular pressure and insufficient blood supply):
- Discoloration of hand
- Cold arm and cold hand
- And sometimes there is a weak pulse.
This syndrome can cause many problems without treatment
When to see a doctor?
If you have left arm pain with and without spreading to the elbow and left hand, in the following cases, you should immediately go to an equipped medical center:
- Shortness of breath
- Cold sweat
- Difficult breathing
- Pain in the jaw, neck or upper abdomen
- Increased heart rate
- Irregular heartbeat