General English name: penbutolol
Application: High blood pressure
Pharmaceutical forms of penbutolol
Tablets (20 mg)
Penbutolol Drug Information
Penbutolol is a group of drugs called beta-blockers that work on the heart and blood vessels. Penbutolol slows down heart activity by stopping the transmission of messages from certain nerves to the heart. It does this by blocking small areas (called beta-adrenergic receptors) where messages are received by your heart. As a result, your heart rate will be slower and less intense. Blood pressure in the blood vessels decreases, making it easier to pump blood around the body.
The correct amount and method of taking penbutolol
- Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with this medicine. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
- The dose and amount of penbutolol varies from person to person; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised. Usually the initial dose of treatment is 10 mg, the doctor will first prescribe a small dose of this medicine for you and after a while the doctor may increase the dose of your medicine, to take the medicine, only pay attention to your doctor’s instructions.
- You can take penbutolol with or without food.
- If you forget to take your daily dose at the right time but soon forget, take the medicine; But if you remember when the next dose is about an hour away, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.
Pay attention to the expiration date of the penbutolol medicine and do not take it if the medicine in your hand has expired.
Never give penbutolol to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
Check for drug interactions with penbutolol, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this drug, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Penbutolol use during pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor.
The effect of penbutolol on driving
Penbutolol can make you feel dizzy and drowsy. If you have these symptoms, avoid driving.
Drug Interaction Penbutolol
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Some drugs that may interact with penbutolol include: alpha blockers (eg prazosin), arbutamine, other beta-blockers (eg atenolol, nadolol, pindolol), clonidine, Epinephrine, phenolpam, fingolimod.
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as cold medicines, supplements and cough medicines, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and pain and fever relievers such as ibuprofen and naproxen), as their ingredients may affect your heart rate or blood pressure. Ask your pharmacist how to use them so that you can use them safely.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking medicines that cause drowsiness, including: alcohol, marijuana, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping pills or anti-anxiety medications. Such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem, muscle relaxants (such as karyoproteol, cyclobenzaprine), antidepressants or antitussives (such as codeine, hydrocodone).
Warning about taking penbutolol
Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking penbutolol:
- If you are pregnant, planning to have a baby, or if you are breast-feeding.
- If you have liver and kidney problems.
- If you have cardiovascular disease.
- If you have heart failure.
- If you have a respiratory problem such as asthma.
- If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.
Side effects of penbutolol
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away after a short time of taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
- Feeling tired or dizzy: Do not drive or use any tools or machines until you are fully conscious.
- Feeling sick, nausea (vomiting), upset stomach: Eat simple and light foods (low fat and no spices).
- Headache: Use appropriate painkillers and drink plenty of water.
- Low blood pressure
- Weight gain, swelling of the hands and feet, shortness of breath, chest pain, severe drowsiness, slow heart rate: If any of these symptoms bother you, talk to your doctor.
- Allergic symptoms such as hives, scaling and shortness of breath: See a doctor right away.
- Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of penbutolol.
Side effects of penbutolol overdose (penbutolol poisoning)
Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.
If you feel that someone has been poisoned and you have symptoms such as extreme tiredness and weakness, slow heartbeat, severe dizziness, shortness of breath, fainting and weakness (fainting), call the emergency room immediately.
Storage conditions of penbutolol
Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
Keep the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight