General English name: pregabalin
Brand: Lyrica®, Alzain®, Axalid®, Lecaent®, Rewisca
Application: Epilepsy – Nerve pain – Generalized anxiety disorder
Pregabalin drug forms
Capsules, oral liquid medicine
Pregabalin Drug Information
Pregabalin belongs to a group of antiepileptic drugs. However, it is also used to treat several other diseases. Pregabalin may also be used to treat minor seizures, which are a type of migraine. A seizure is a transient condition caused by electrical changes in the brain. This electrical activity occurs in a small part of the brain. Therefore, the symptoms that occur occur regionally. Pregabalin controls the symptoms of seizures by reducing abnormal electrical changes in the brain. Of course, it is not yet clear how pregabalin works.
Pregabalin is also used to treat chronic nerve pain caused by nerve damage. This type of pain is called neuropathic and occurs due to various diseases such as diabetes (diabetic neuropathy) and shingles (posthereptic neuralgia).
Pregabalin can also reduce the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). In this disease, anxiety is a serious problem.
Dosage and method of taking pregabalin
- Read the package leaflet carefully before starting treatment with pregabalin. This brochure will help you to get comprehensive information about the drug and its possible side effects.
- The dose and amount of pregabalin varies from person to person depending on the disease; Use the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.
- Your doctor will advise you to start taking pregabalin at a lower dose for the first week and then increase the dose over time so that your body gets used to the medicine over time and you can take two or three doses of pregabalin.
- You can take pregabalin before or after meals. Swallow the pregabalin capsule with water and use a syringe to take the oral medication to use the dose correctly.
- If you forget to take your daily dose at the right time, take it whenever you can; If you do not remember to take your medicine until the next dose, do not take the missed dose. You should not take two doses of the medicine together because of the missed dose.
Contraindications to Pregabalin
Pay attention to the expiration date of Pregabalin and do not take it if your medicine has expired.
Never give pregabalin to another person, even if you have the same symptoms.
Check for drug interactions, and if you are taking a drug that interacts with this medication, talk to your doctor about using your medications.
Pregabalin consumption during pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.
The effect of pregabalin on driving and working with machines
This medicine will make you drowsy, make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery. Also, people with epilepsy should not drive until their treatment is complete. The doctor informs the patient when he can start driving again; This time is usually after a year without seizures.
Pregabalin Drug Interactions
Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.
Pregabalin may interact with Orlistat, do not take these two medicines without consulting your doctor.
If you are taking medicines that cause drowsiness, tell your doctor or pharmacist, including: alcohol, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping pills or anxiety medications (such as alprazolam), alp Diazepam, zolpidem, muscle relaxants, and analgesics and painkillers (such as codeine).
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergies or coughs and colds) because some of them contain substances that cause drowsiness or increase the risk of bleeding. Ask your doctor about using them so you can use them safely.
Special warnings and precautions while taking pregabalin
Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best to let your doctor know the following before taking the medicine:
- If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breast-feeding your baby.
- If you are under 18 years old.
- If you have any liver or kidney problems.
- If you have ever been addicted to drugs or alcohol.
- If you have a heart problem.
- If you are taking certain medications. These medicines include all the medicines available, whether you are prescribed them or taking them without a doctor’s prescription, such as herbal medicines and complementary medicines.
- If you have a history of an allergic reaction to a drug.
Side effects of pregabalin
All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed:
- Drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision and diplopia: Avoid driving and working with tools.
- Headache and some other pains: Ask your doctor to prescribe a suitable painkiller.
- Diarrhea: Drink plenty of water to replenish lost water.
- Constipation: Eat a balanced diet and drink several glasses of water daily.
- Dry mouth: Chew sugar-free gum.
- Feeling sick, nausea and bloating: Eat small, light meals (without peppers and spices).
- Nasal and throat infections, flu-like symptoms, increased appetite and weight, mood swings, movement problems, tremors, sleep problems, joint pain, impotence, swelling and pain in the legs and ankles: If any of the above It has been annoying to consult your doctor.
- Important Note: Pregabalin may cause allergic symptoms in some people. If you have shortness of breath, swelling of the face, mouth, tongue or throat, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.
- Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to the use of pregabalin.
Overdose of pregabalin (drug poisoning)
Do not take more than the dose prescribed by your doctor.
If you feel that someone has a drug poisoning and you have symptoms such as shortness of breath or fainting (fainting), call the emergency room right away.
Storage conditions of pregabalin
- Keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
- Store the medicine in a cool, dry place away from heat and direct sunlight.