Common English name: Quinine for malaria

Brand: quinine bisulfate, quinine dihydrochloride, quinine sulfate

Application: Treatment of malaria


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Quinine pharmaceutical forms


Quinine Pharmacological Information for Malariav

Malaria is a very serious infection that is transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms of this disease are fever and cold symptoms. Malaria can develop even up to a year after traveling to a malaria-prone area, and the disease must be treated immediately. If you feel unwell and have recently traveled to an area where malaria has been present, you should see a doctor immediately, even if you are taking anti-malarial medications properly.

Malaria is a serious infectious disease that is common in parts of the African continent. Malaria is transmitted to humans through infected mosquitoes. A parasite called Plasmodium lives in the stomachs of female mosquitoes, which are transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. There are generally four types of Plasmodium that can cause malaria. Of the four cases, Plasmodium falciparum is usually the most serious disease, so it may need to be treated in hospital.

Quinine is also used to treat night foot cramps. For information on this, refer to the relevant page.


Dosage and method of quinine for malaria


Contraindications to quinine for malaria


Quinine use during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, you should not use the drug arbitrarily and without consulting your doctor. Medications can have devastating effects on the fetus or on yourself.


The effect of quinine on driving and working with machines

Quinine can cause dizziness and blurred vision, so make sure you are alert before driving or operating machinery.


Quinine drug interactions for malaria

Drug interactions may alter drug performance and increase the risk of serious side effects. Make a list of all the medicines (including prescription / over-the-counter and herbal medicines) you use and share them with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not change the dose of your medicine without consulting your doctor or stop taking the medicine.

Some medications that may interact with quinine include “blood thinners” (such as warfarin) and penicillamine.

Drugs that can affect the elimination of quinine from the body and its function include: cimetidine, erythromycin, ketoconazole, phenytoin, rifampin, HIV protease inhibitors (such as lupinavir, ritonavir), urinary alkalizers such as acetazolamide / bicarbonate.

Quinine can affect the rate at which other drugs are eliminated from the body and their function. Examples of these drugs are desipramine, digoxin, some statins (atorvastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin), phenobarbital.

Many drugs in addition to quinine may affect heart rhythm (prolongation of QT time), including: amiodarone, dofetilide, pimozide, procainamide, quinidine , Sotalol, macrolide antibiotics (such as erythromycin).

Cimetidine is a over-the-counter medication that is commonly used to treat excess stomach acid (such as heartburn, stomach ulcers). Because cimetidine and aluminum / magnesium antacids may interact with quinine, ask your pharmacist about other medications to treat excess stomach acid.

Quinine is very similar to quinidine. Do not take quinidine-containing medicines while using quinine.

Quinine can affect the results of certain laboratory tests (including catecholamine, protein, and urinary steroid tests). Before taking the test, talk to your lab staff about taking this medicine.


Special warnings and precautions while taking quinine

Some medications may not be prescribed under certain conditions, and some medications may be prescribed if additional treatment is needed; Therefore, it is best for your doctor to be aware of the following before taking quinine:


Side effects of quinine for malaria

All medications can cause side effects. But many consumers also do not experience any side effects. Some of the side effects go away shortly after taking the medicine. In case of persistent side effects, the physician should be informed.

Diarrhea, nausea, tiredness and weakness, tinnitus, headache, dizziness: Tell your doctor immediately.

Vision problems, blurred vision, discoloration: Tell your doctor as soon as possible. Avoid driving and working with tools in this situation.

Heated skin, urticaria, muscle weakness, increased sensitivity to light: Tell your doctor if any of these are a problem.

Shortness of breath, swelling around the mouth and face: Tell your doctor immediately.

Bleeding and bruising, sore throat, throat infection: Tell your doctor as soon as possible. These symptoms can be a sign of blood disorders.

Consult your doctor if you have any other symptoms that you feel are due to quinine use.


Quinine overdose (drug poisoning)

Storage conditions of quinine for malaria