If you have recently had a sudden pain in the left side of your body or a sudden pain in the lower abdomen and left side of your back, If this is a concern for you and you want to know what causes these pains and what can be done to eliminate this sudden pain and pain in the left lower back and lower left abdomen, we recommend that you read on.
Doctors say that mild pain is common in this area and there is nothing to worry about, and usually mild pain will go away on its own without the need for special care and treatment, but if you have pain that is very severe and unbearable, and it starts and progresses suddenly, we recommend that you take it seriously and to check it, be sure to go to the nearest emergency room or call the emergency room.
What are the causes of severe and sudden pain in the lower left abdomen and lower back?
There are several causes that can cause severe and sudden pain in the lower left part of our body. In the following, we are going to introduce you to a group of the most common causes of this type of pain, and briefly explain their symptoms and treatment methods.
In order to be able to properly understand the causes of pain in this area, it is better to talk a little about the anatomy and also these components of the organs that are located in this area. The abdomen is divided by physicians into four anatomical parts. The lower left quadrant of the abdomen is a common site of pain, especially among women and the elderly.
In the lower left quadrant of the abdomen are the distal parts of the large intestine, parts of the small intestine and the left ureter, in women, the ovary and fallopian tube are to the left. The complexity of the organs in this part of the abdomen makes this part prone to pain. The pain may be focal, ie it remains concentrated only in this part of the abdomen and is not transferred to other places, but the pain can sometimes spread to other parts of the abdomen and back. In the following, we will talk more about this pain.
Symptoms and manifestations accompanied by pain
Pain in the lower left side may be sharp and sudden or the pain may be short-lived or continue chronically, In addition to the pain in this area, some people may experience other signs and symptoms, including the following:
Nausea, vomiting, bloating, abdominal cramps, bloody urine, constipation and diarrhea.
in women of childbearing age, pain may be accompanied by the following manifestations:
- Painful bowel movements
- Vaginal bleeding
- Menstrual irregularities
- Painful periods
- Spotting and pain during intercourse
What causes pain in these areas?
We said that the organs located in our lower left have a special anatomical junction, so damage or inflammation or obstruction of any of these organs can Causes severe pain in our left side. In the following, we want to introduce you to the most important causes of severe and sudden pain in this area and provide explanations about them.
We examine the causes of this pain in several general categories.
These categories are:
- First category: Gastrointestinal causes of severe left side pain
- The second category: inflammatory causes of severe left side pain
- The third category is the causes related to the reproductive system that cause severe left pain
- The fourth category: traumas and causes related to trauma and accidents that cause severe pain in the area
Gastrointestinal disorders that may be associated with abdominal pain in the lower left side are as follows:
- Colitis (inflammation of the intestines)
- Food poisoning
- Inflammation of the diverticulum or diverticulitis
- hernias, such as a left groin hernia
- Tumors: Tumors of the rectum
- Left ovarian torsion
- Ovarian torsion and left fallopian tube
- Inflammation of the appendix or appendicitis
- Acute hepatitis
- Menstrual problems in women
- Acute peptic ulcer
- Intestinal obstructions
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Ectopic pregnancy in the fallopian tube or left ovary
- pelvic Inflammatory diseases or pid
- Urinary tract infections or uti
- Urinary tract problems
- Kidney stones
- Left ureteral stones
- Delayed menstruation in women
- Accumulation of intestinal gas
In the following, we are going to introduce some more common cases:
The most common cause of pain in the lower left side is known by doctors as inflammation of the diverticula. Inflammation of the inner wall of the diverticulum is called diverticulitis. This inflammation rarely occurs in the small intestine, in fact, small, sac-like pouches usually form in the intestinal wall. Inflammation of the inner wall of these sacs is called diverticulitis. Some people may have inflammation of the diverticula but they may have but no symptoms. Inflammation of the diverticula in the colon does not cause cancer and is not contagious. Forty percent of people over the age of 50 have diverticulitis, with each passing decade, the number of these diverticula will increase, one of the most common health problems in the Western world today is inflammation of these sacs. This disease may affect the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. In fact, it is said that small sacs form in areas of the intestinal wall that are weak. In fact, these sacs form when diverticulitis develops in the intestinal wall. It is said that due to inflammation, bacteria may be trapped inside the sac and cause it to mount Infection on inflammation.
This process will often require treatment and it can lead to serious health problems If left untreated.
Doctors say that mild inflammation of the walls of these sacs can be relieved by resting, modifying diet, and antibiotic therapy. But we must say that if the inflammation is severe, the symptoms are severe and the pain is progressive, or the problem has become a chronic problem, other supportive treatments will no longer be enough and you will need surgery.
It is said that thirty-nine percent of people who have this small sac in their intestine experience an acute inflammatory attack within at least five years.
The worst form of pain is said to be the first attack of diverticulitis.
Scar tissue is said to form in these small sacs when this attack occurs, but for some people it may become a chronic, long-term problem. These people are likely to experience more serious conditions and events. Surgery will be the best treatment for removing all the tissues that has caused problems.
Now let’s see what are the signs and symptoms of the diverticulitis.
The signs and symptoms are as follows:
Fever, nausea, vomiting, constipation, but rarely, a person may also have diarrhea. Sensitivity to the touch, Abdominal pain is a major feature of diverticulitis, Abdominal pain may last for several days on a regular basis, the lower left quadrant of the abdomen is the main site of pain, but sometimes the right side of the abdomen may also ache.
People who have the following risk factors are more likely to get diverticulitis:
- Aging is a major risk factor for the disease.
- having obesity
- Tobacco use and smoking
- Inadequate physical activity and Physical inactivity
- Also, the habit of eating diets that are low in fiber and high in animal fats.
It is also said that some medications may increase the risk of developing diverticulitis.
Among these drugs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be named, also People who take aspirin regularly, as well as the use of corticosteroids and drugs, seem to have a risk of perforation of the bowel in addition to developing diverticulitis.
Interestingly, there seems to be a genetic link to this complication. Medical studies show that more than 50% of people with the disease have a common genetic source.
Doctors say that twenty-five percent of people with the disorder develop complications that include:
abscess formation due to the accumulation of infection and purulent discharge, obstruction of the colon, and rupture of the bowel, Or the formation of an external opening on the skin called a fistula at the site of the large intestine or between the large intestine and the bladder.
Inflammation of the peritoneal membrane also occurs following the rupture of inflamed or infected Colon and the release of infectious agents into the abdominal cavity. This condition is an emergency condition that must be examined very urgently and surgery must be performed for it.
- Gas accumulation
Doctors say that the second most common cause is gas accumulation. People with irritable bowel syndrome or people on high-fiber diets may have frequent gas accumulation in the lower left side of their abdomen, and following movements Accumulation of gas occurs on the left side, Among the cases that increase the accumulation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract and intestines, the following can be mentioned:
Chewing gum and swallowing large amounts of air, for example in people who speak or talk a lot, Overeating Smoking, Inability of the gastrointestinal tract to fully digest certain foods, as well as excessive accumulation of bacteria in the intestines.
This disorder usually occurs after a meal. When you eat, the stomach secretes acid as well as many digestive enzymes. These acids and digestive enzymes may Stimulate the esophagus as well as the small intestine. In these cases, the pain usually occurs in the upper abdomen, and in rare cases, the lower abdomen may also hurt in the left side. usually, indigestion is very mild and brief.
A displacement of an internal organ from its normal position to another part is called a hernia. A bulge usually grows following hernias in the abdomen or groin area. Other accompanying symptoms include:
Ambiguous pain, feeling fullness, and pain When the person bends forward. the pain at the hernia site will certainly be quite different depending on the different types of hernia, symptoms and the location of the bulge, and keep in mind that hernias can cause major problems, so if you suspect having hernia, we recommend to see your doctor.
- Kidney stones
The next cause that can cause pain in the left side and has nothing to do with the digestive system should be referred to kidney stones. Kidney stones are caused by the concentration of urine in the kidneys and it does not cause pain as long as they do not move and grow and press on the structure around them, but as soon as the stones start to move inside the kidney or go into the ureter and start moving in it, pain occurs.
Kidney stones can cause severe pain, with the following symptoms:
- Fever or chills
- stomach ache
- Side pain
- bloody urine
- Foamy urine
- Stinky urine
The next cause, which can cause severe, sudden, and annoying pain in the left side, is actually an infectious inflammatory disease of the skin called shingles, it is said that the causative agent of shingles is actually the varicella-zoster virus, which is the causative agent of chickenpox. With age, usually after the age of 50 and a weakened immune system, in all people with weakened immune systems, the virus and shingles may reactivate. Before typical lesions of shingles occurs, that is, itchy and painful blisters, usually in one half of the body, in the abdomen, chest, neck, and in one of the above parts, there is a burning and annoying pain that causes an unpleasant feeling in the person. One of the most common areas for shingles is the lower left side of the abdomen and the left side, Other accompanying symptoms include a burning sensation, numbness and tingling sensation in the area, sensitive to the touch and itching, and eventually the appearance of blisters that disintegrate and form a crust on them.
The following are some of the factors related to the reproductive system that cause pain in the left side:
Causes in women:
- Menstrual cramps or dysmenorrhea
- Ovarian cysts
- Ovarian torsion
- Ectopic pregnancy
Causes of left side pain that are unique to men:
- Groin hernias
- Testicular torsion
It should be noted that ovarian torsion and ectopic pregnancy and testicular torsion are all three cases that require immediate emergency care and immediate treatment, otherwise they may lead to irreversible complications.
When should you see a doctor?
If your pain persists for several days, if your pain is progressive and the pain is getting worse day by day, you must see a doctor.
Also, if you have the following accompanying manifestations, it is necessary to go to the medical center as soon as possible. Fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, No gas excretion for one to two days and no excretion of feces for three days, lethargy, blood in the urine or blood in the stool, in these cases it is necessary to call the emergency room or go to the medical center as soon as possible.