If you suffer from throbbing headaches.
If you want to know what causes the throbbing sensation, in the head.
If you have a throbbing pressure on your head, especially when you are standing.
In this article, we want to introduce you to throbbing headaches and explain the causes of throbbing pressure in the skull when standing or sitting.
Do you have a headache that feels like a throbbing in the head and intensifies when you stand up?
In this article, we have gathered everything you need to know about throbbing headaches or pulse in your head and presented it in simple language.
The experience of headaches, in everyone
The experience of headache is obvious and common in all people. Also, the number of people who constantly suffer from throbbing headaches is not small.
Mild headaches will not be so severe and annoying. Most mild headaches are relieved with a regular painkiller, eating or drinking coffee.
But if you have a headache that is severe and unusual, do not take it for granted. If you have a headache that immediately begins or intensifies after standing up. If you have a headache that has just started and is uncommon in your lifetime, take it seriously.
You need to know the types of headaches and the warning signs and symptoms in headaches.
Types of headaches
In order to better interpret throbbing headaches and the feeling of throbbing pressure during headaches, it is best to first become familiar with the types of headaches.
Doctors divide headaches into three main categories:
- Primary headaches:
The types of primary headaches are as follows:
- Tension headaches
- Migraine headache
- Cluster headache
- Secondary headaches:
Headaches that are caused by various pathologies in the skull or brain tissue.
Some of these types of headaches can be caused by the following:
- Sudden rise in blood pressure, various infections and inflammations of brain tissue
- Cerebral hemorrhage
- Neuralgia and facial pain
Epidemiology of headache
It is generally estimated that the prevalence of common headaches in adults is about 50% per year.
One-half to three-quarters of adults between the ages of eighteen and sixty-five have had at least one headache in the past year.
Thirty percent of these people had recurrent migraine attacks.
According to reliable statistics, the prevalence of primary headaches in all lengths in terms of gender segregation is:
Sixty-nine to ninety-three percent in men
Eighty-eight to Nine points twenty-five percent in women.
pulse sensation is one of the symptoms that people complain of with their headache.
because pulse sensation is one of the most common medical complaints associated with headache.
The reason why there is a feeling of pulse sensation with headaches is that when you have a headache for any reason, the blood flow to the affected area of your brain increases so that it can solve the problem. Pulse sensation follows the dilation of blood vessels, which is caused by increased blood flow.
These changes are often felt as a throbbing sensation. Sometimes the throbbing comes on and resolves quickly.
Sometimes the sensation is interpreted by people as vibrating or throbbing.
Of course, headaches can sometimes be cured or even relieved with treatment.
Causes of throbbing sensation in head
We have said that headaches are often simple and non-serious and occur without danger signs and without a dangerous underlying cause.
These headaches are well treated at home with routine treatments.
However, there are headaches that have serious underlying causes such as:
- Brain tumors
- Intracranial space-absorbing lesions
- Vascular events inside the brain
- Infections and inflammations inside the skull
- For example, meningitis, encephalitis, cerebral tuberculosis, abscess
When to see a doctor?
Therefore, it is recommended that you consult a doctor if you have a headache that is accompanied by the following danger signs:
- Visual impairment
- Very severe headaches that you have never experienced before.
- Headache following trauma and accident
- Motor and sensory disorders
All kinds of underlying causes of throbbing in skull
In the following, we describe the types of underlying causes of throbbing in skull.
The first reason
- throbbing in the back of the head or a feeling of throbbing pressure in the back of the skull:
Doctors believe that there is a condition called occipital neuralgia that can induce a throbbing pressure or a throbbing sensation that is concentrated in the back of the head.
Occipital neuralgia is caused by damage to the nerve fibers that travel from the spinal cord to the skull.
Occipital neuralgia sometimes has similarities to migraines that make them difficult to differentiate.
Characteristics of occipital neuralgia pain are as follows:
throbbing sensation, which usually begins at the base of the brain and then spreads to the top of the skull, occasionally occipital neuralgia can cause pain in the back of the eye.
The second reason
- throbbing sensation above the head or a throbbing headache above the head:
In general, migraine headaches are a large group that cause throbbing headaches.
In addition to throbbing headaches, Migraine is accompanied by other symptoms and manifestations. Some of these symptoms are as follows:
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity of sound
It is said that if a migraine attack is not treated, it lasts for at least four hours and a maximum of seventy-two hours.
A person with a migraine headache tends to rest in a dark, quiet place.
The third reason
- throbbing headaches in the temples:
Migraine can usually cause a throbbing headache or a feeling of throbbing pressure in your temples, Temporal arthritis or inflammation of the temporal artery wall is another high-risk condition that is accompanied by a throbbing pressure in the temple or a throbbing temporal headache.
The recent case has created very serious conditions that, if not addressed immediately, can progress and lead to blindness.
The fourth reason
- throbbing in one half of the skull:
If you have a throbbing headache or a throbbing sensation in one half of your skull, there are two major diagnoses for this clinical picture:
The first and most common cause is migraine headaches because migraines usually occur in one half of the skull.
The next case is the term hemicrania continua.
This is one of the rare causes of throbbing in one half of the head.
The fifth reason
- throbbing headaches that cause a throbbing sensation in the back of the eye:
Characteristic of a primary headache called cluster headache is a feeling of pain and pulse in the back of the eyeball. The characteristics of cluster headache include the following:
- Cluster headaches are generally very annoying and severe.
- It usually occurs at specific intervals and times.
- It can take months. Cluster headaches usually start suddenly.
But the next reason that is actually the main topic of discussion in this article is:
- Throbbing pressure in the head that is intensified by standing:
This is a rare condition that causes headaches. These conditions are referred to as low-pressure headaches. Sometimes low-pressure headaches are referred to as Spontaneous intracranial hypotension, or SIH for short.
In the following, we are going to talk more about these cases.
It is said that if the cause of the headache is HIV, the headache and the feeling of throbbing pressure will increase as soon as you stand or sit and it gets less as soon as you lie down.
What causes throbbing pressure in skull, which intensifies when standing?
We have said that in rare cases, the cause of the pulsating pressure inside the skull, which begins and intensifies as soon as standing, is a rare condition called Spontaneous intracranial hypotension or SIH.
The following is a list of SIH specifications.
We said that SIH or low-pressure headaches are less common.
It is estimated that one in every 50,000 adults becomes infected.
SIH usually begins in your thirties or forties.
In terms of gender segregation, women are twice as likely as men to develop SIH.
People with connective tissue diseases are most at risk for SIH.
A type of SIH develops in the morning or evening and gets worse during the day.
Symptoms and manifestations of SIH
Pain in the back of the head and sometimes neck pain is a characteristic of SIH. The pain may occur in only one side of the skull, or both sides of your brain may have throbbing pain. This condition can be severe. One of the hallmarks of SIH is that the headache increases as soon as you stand or sit, and disappears when you lie down horizontally.
Other symptoms associated with SIH
Other symptoms associated with SIH are as follows:
- Back pain
- Chest pain
- Ear ringing
- Hearing loss
- Nausea or vomiting
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity to sound
What causes SIH to get worse?
- Bend forward
- After sexual intercourse
- After defecation
What are the causes of SIH?
Cerebrospinal fluid is located in the spine and around the brain. Leakage in CSF can lead to SIH.
CFS leakage can be caused by the following:
Existence of a defect in Dura mater.
Dura mater is a membrane that covers the area around the brain and spinal cord.
Dura mater injury following surgery or Lumbar puncture:
The presence of a shunt that carries large volumes of CSF. It is said that sometimes the cause of SIا is not found.
It is estimated that about 10% of people who undergo spinal anesthesia experience headaches. These headaches are benign and do not cause injury or complication and often resolve on their own.
These headaches begin on the first and second days after spinal anesthesia, and in ninety-five percent of cases resolve spontaneously within seven days, even if left untreated.
The above headaches usually occur when the person is sitting or standing, and resolve when the patient is lying down, and may extend from the forehead to the back of the head.
Most types of SIH are associated with neck pain, and other symptoms such as diplopia, photophobia, and phonophobia are rare.
The following people are more likely to develop SIH due to spinal anesthesia:
- People with a history of previous headaches, Improper needle type and size used
- Being dehydrated
- Stress and anxiety of the person
We should also say that to prevent the occurrence of SIH following spinal anesthesia, it is better to pay attention to the following:
Have plenty of rest on the first day after the procedure. Keep your body hydrated before and after the procedure.
What can you do to treat SIH?
If you are a person who has a throbbing pain in the head that gets worse when you stand up, you can use a variety of OTC analgesics such as nsaids to relieve the pain.
It is said that in the treatment of SIH, drinking coffee, Nescafe, caffeine consumption and most importantly, drinking plenty of fluids reduces the severity of pain and the duration of the pain period.
Note that if the headaches become unbearable or are accompanied by symptoms such as fever, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.