If you want to know the meaning of ulcerated cavernous hemangioma ,What are the symptoms, what are the treatments for it and in which people is it common? We recommend that you read more.
Introduction and definition
When doctors use the term hemangioma, they mean a benign vascular tumor that contains a collection of blood vessels. This collection of blood vessels can be located on or under the skin, and these tumors are usually found in children, infants, and among children it is more common in girls than boys.
Who gets the most hemangiomas?
As we have said, this complication is related to the problems of a set of blood vessels that form under and on the skin and are more common in children. It is said that children who were underweight at birth are more likely to get it in the first six months after birth.
What is an injured hemangioma?
These hemangiomas are tufts of extra blood vessels that commonly occur in children, and these painful tumors can put children at risk for secondary bacterial infections.
Sometimes the pain and discomfort is so severe that it prevents a child from lying down.
It is said that many infants with ulcerative hemangiomas, especially in the genital area, usually cry hard after each urination and defecation and after each diaper change.
Hemangiomas in children
Hemangiomas are tufts of extra blood vessels that commonly occur in babies and usually go away on their own without treatment during the first two years of life unless they are locally For example, if they interfere with urination or defecation, or if the baby’s eyes or mouth and place of eating and breathing have changed. In cases other than these locations, it is recommended not to do anything with them as they usually resolve themselves over time.
What is a necessary advice in children is that it is better for parents to be careful so that the child does not fall or be hit in any way by the vascular mass and the vascular rupture and is not injured, because in this case he can bleed heavily.
What is a hemangioma?
Hemangiomas are tufts of extra blood vessels that commonly occur in children and these extra blood vessels are screwed on the patch or under the skin. External hemangiomas are usually red spots that can be seen on the skin and are sometimes referred to as neonatal hemangiomas in some cultures. We need to know that these lumps only have a worrying appearance. They may cause problems in terms of appearance and beauty, but they often disappear spontaneously and without treatment during the first two years of a child’s life.
When we talk about external hemangiomas, it is a red mark near the surface of the skin. Some people may call them a strawberry mark because of their red appearance.
Location and how superficial hemangiomas develop in children
It is said that the baby experiences the fastest growth at the age of 1 to 3 months. Most hemangiomas stop growing at the end of 5 months. When the baby is about 12 to 15 months old, it starts to shrink there and finally at the age of 3 to 10 years, these spots will usually be completely gone.
Superficial hemangiomas, which are clumps of superficial arteries that can form anywhere on the skin, but most often appear on the head, neck, and trunk. Some people with superficial hemangiomas may have complications such as sores and Also experience pain.
It is estimated that 10.4% of newborns are born with hemangiomas. In terms of gender segregation, female infants are more likely to be affected than male infants. Hemangiomas are more common in Caucasian infants. Infants who are fully developed inside the uterus will develop hemangiomas.
What are the types of hemangiomas?
Their size and shape can be very different. Here are a few of them.
- Capillary hemangiomas
Occurs when a cluster of capillaries forms at one point
When a large number of capillaries come together at one point, the connective tissue holds the capillaries together. If the blood vessels are large, we may even notice elevated, spongy hemangiomas. These types of hemangiomas are more common in infants.
- Cavernous hemangiomas
Blood vessels will affect the deep layers under the skin, meaning that the dilation and enlargement of blood vessels in the deep layers of the skin can cause cave-like hemangiomas. These blood vessels are not next to each other, and when the blood fills the spaces between the blood vessels, a so-called cave-like atmosphere is created.
- Lobular capillary hemangioma
When the blood vessels are large enough to form a mass, the so-called lobular capillary hemangioma is formed. These hemangiomas can easily become injured and bleed.
There is another item in this category and that is the cherry and red dot form
These cherry hemangiomas are tufts of extra blood vessels that commonly occur in adults
Cherry hemangiomas are more likely to be present at People over 30 years old.
- Types of hemangiomas in size and shape
The hemangioma that develops is usually small but can sometimes cover large areas of the affected person’s body. These spots may rarely be seen in several places on the skin of the body. Usually when hemangiomas begin to appear, their size, extent and the density of blood vessels will increase rapidly and then remain constant and then it will start to shrink.
What are the complications of hemangiomas?
Can hemangiomas bleed or become injured?
Pain, infection, post-scratch bleeding, pressure on the hemangioma, blood clotting problems, and in 5 to 25% of cases of superficial hemangiomas, we see injured hemangiomas.
In the following, we will talk more about complications
- Hemangioma bleeding
This complication occurs when a child with a hemangioma falls on the hemangioma for any reason, or is pressed into the hemangioma, has a scratch or cut in the hemangioma area, or even the skin near the hemangioma is scratched or cut , the mass may bleed.
- Wound hemangioma
Hemangiomas are more likely to be present at the time of injury, which can lead to painful wound hemangiomas and It is even possible for a scar to remain after the hemangioma itself has healed and the scar remains on the skin.
In cases where hemangiomas have been injured, antibiotics may be prescribed by a doctor to prevent bacterial infections from spreading to the site. Hemangiomas that develop on the lips, in particular, can be injured. They will usually take time to heal. Wounds that are on the side and on the lips because they are very painful will disrupt the nutrition of the baby.
In these cases, be sure to consult your doctor to receive medication or sedatives while feeding
In infants who have sore hemangiomas on the lips or sides of the lips and due to pain their nutrition is incomplete, according to the doctor’s prescription, some sedative and pain reliever should be placed on the injured hemangioma, on the nipple or on the nipple of the baby to make feeding easier.
Other problems that may be caused by hemangiomas are eye problems in or around the eye that can cause the eye to not grow well enough. Amblyopia may occur with lazy eye or glaucoma or high eye pressure. Therefore, hemangiomas around the eyes and eyelid hemangiomas should be treated as soon as possible.
Sometimes hemangiomas may be a manifestation of a syndrome in which the underlying syndrome can cause problems in different parts of the body, such as the brain, heart, blood vessels, and eyes. Various syndromes with hemangiomas can be complicated, so regular checkups should be done to check for the baby’s growth.
Is hemangioma a cancerous mass?
A hemangioma is a vascular tumor that overgrows in one area. Research and statistics show that it is very rare for your hemangioma to spread and it is very unlikely that it will become cancerous or malignant.
It is said that the diagnosis of hemangioma can be made by observing it, and usually no further research will be needed without the observation and approval of a qualified physician. Hemangiomas are usually shrinking and will disappear when the child is 3 to 10 years old.
Sometimes, after the hemangioma has disappeared spontaneously, it may leave a scar and, for example, a part of the skin becomes lighter, small blood vessels remain in the area, the skin is stretched and wrinkled in the area, or the skin becomes deformed.
Secondary beauty can improve any unwanted effect to a desirable level.
Is There A Home Remedy For Hemangiomas?
If your child has skin hemangiomas, be sure to pay attention to the following points:
- It is better not to expose him or her to sunlight
- Use sunscreen with the right care factors
- To prevent hemangiomas from drying out and cracking, you should stop using soapy detergent soap and use simple soap creams and moisturizers.
- If the hemangioma bleeds for any reason, you should do the following:
Squeeze the bleeding area with a clean cloth for at least 5 minutes. If the bleeding does not stop, you should seek medical help after this time.
What should be done if the hemangioma is injured?
Be sure to seek medical help. You should clean this area regularly with water to avoid rubbing and massaging it
Allow the wound surface to dry naturally before covering it with non-stick, sterilized dressings.
Is there a medical treatment for hemangiomas?
If they have a problem, your doctor may prescribe a drug called propranolol. This drug has been used in studies to reduce the size of a hemangioma.
On the other hand, all children can use propranolol. For example, children with lung problems and asthma can use this drug. If a child can not use the drug, sometimes it is necessary for the doctor to prescribe oral and topical steroids to shrink blood vessels. If there is a wound, antibiotics must be prescribed by a doctor.
Another option is surgery. Surgery is recommended by the doctor to prevent damage to the surrounding tissues. For example, if the lesion is very large or close to the eye, surgery is recommended to prevent adverse ocular complications.
The vascular tumor is cut and then the skin is closed with sutures. Complications such as hemangioma hemorrhage should also be considered, but in most cases the hemangiomas will go away on their own.