If you have unexplained muscle pain in your legs and arms, we recommend reading this article.
If you are one of those people who occasionally experience unexplained pain in your hands and this issue has worried you.
If you are looking for the causes of muscle pain in the hands, we recommend that you read the following article.
There are many factors that can be associated with muscle pain, such as a variety of diseases, inflammations, injuries, and Muscle pain can be short-lived or temporary, or it can be chronic.
What is meant by muscle pain or myalgia?
Doctors use the term myalgia to describe muscle pain. Muscle pain is usually a manifestation of an injury, inflammation, infection, disorder, disease, or health problem. Muscle pain may be deep and persistent, or it may be sharp and random, and it may be occasional. Some people may experience muscle pain only in a specific part of their body, such as the arm, leg, or back, but there is a group of people who report that they generally feel pain and discomfort in all of their skeletal muscles.
In other words, anyone who presents with myalgia will have a completely different quality and description of myalgia.
Who is most at risk for muscle aches and myalgias?
It is said that people of all ages and genders can experience muscle soreness and discomfort. Athletes who have started strenuous exercise or strenuous exercise, or who have undergone changes in their daily routine and physical activity, may experience these pains. Muscle aches are usually pains that come to you up to 6-12 hours after a strenuous activity and usually last for 48 hours. The pain is usually felt in the muscles around the heel and calf, and gradually gets better over 48 hours, and may intensify slightly in the early 48 hours.
What causes myalgia and muscle pain?
Here are some of the causes that can lead to muscle soreness and explain a little about them.
- Autoimmune diseases:
Autoimmune diseases occur when a person’s body and immune system mistakenly attack normal and healthy cells in their own body, damaging and inflaming them, whereas in a normal person a healthy immune system only has to fight off foreign and infectious agents. Autoimmune diseases that are followed by myalgia and pain in the muscles of the legs and arms that occur unexpectedly and unexplainedly include:
- Inflammatory myopathies such as polymyositis
The above three groups of disorders are among the autoimmune diseases that can manifest themselves with unexplained myalgia and muscle pain.
- Inflammation and infection:
We said that one of the causes that can be associated with unexplained myalgia is infections. Bacterial and viral infections can cause pain in all parts of your body. Also, depending on the type of infection, in addition to muscle pain, in these infections you may complain of the following:
- Swelling of the lymph nodes
The types of infections that can be associated with unexplained myalgia and muscle pain are as follows:
- Viral colds
- Rocky Mountains Bleeding Fever
- Injuries, trauma:
When you repeatedly use a muscle during a workout and there is more pressure on a particular muscle or muscles during your exercise and physical activity, the types of injuries that are commonly associated with muscle pain are as follows
- Stretch marks
- Stretching the back muscles
- Bone fracture
- traumatic injuries
Some medications and treatments can cause permanent and chronic pain Some of these drugs cause inflammation around the muscles or make the pain receptors in the muscle cell more active and awake. These drugs include the following:
- Drugs used in chemotherapy
- Drugs such as captopril rail and entelopril are used to lower blood pressure
- all statins used to control and lower blood cholesterol.
- Neuromuscular disorders:
Neuromuscular disorders are a set of disorders and problems that affect the neuromuscular level. In fact, the nerves that reach the muscles are responsible for controlling the nerves and muscles and their movements and strength. Usually in these neuromuscular problems, in addition to muscle pain, there is also muscle weakness. Some of these types of neuromuscular disorders are as follows:
- Muscular dystrophies
- Myasthenia Gravis
In the following, you will read about some other conditions that are usually accompanied by muscle pain or myalgia:
- Cancers such as sarcomas, or soft tissue tumors
- Blood cancers such as leukemia
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Compartment Syndrome
- Electrolyte imbalance (electrolytes are minerals that are present in the blood, such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium)
- Peripheral arterial diseases
- Stresses and tensions
If you are a person suffering from unexplained muscle aches, it is best to see a doctor. See your doctor if you have muscle pain that is severe or chronic, or if you have pain that has been caused by an accident or trauma. After hearing the history, taking a history, traumas, and medication list, your doctor may use the following diagnostic aids to determine the cause. Methods such as:
- Laboratory tests that test for a variety of enzymes, hormones, electrolytes, and certain infections.
- Take an x-ray photo
- CT scan or MRI that can give us more accurate information about muscle injuries
- Electromyography or EMG that can show electrical activity in muscles and NCV can also show nerve conduction velocities in local nerve fibers
Finally, if none of us can diagnose unexplained muscle pain, a muscle biopsy is usually used in cases where various neurological and muscular diseases, such as muscular dystrophies, are suspected.
Treatment of muscle aches is entirely dependent on the cause. In cases where the muscles are sore after overeating and heavy exercise and physical activity, it is usually good to rest and prioritize the painful area and use a cold compress to relieve the pain.
It is also said that cold packs can be used to reduce inflammation and heat packs can be used to improve blood flow.
Of course, the infected person must see which one gets better. However, it is generally recommended to use a cold compress for the first 48 hours so that the inflammation and swelling do not spread and the pain decreases. After this period, you can use a warm compress to improve blood flow and relief. It is also said that immersing the painful limb in hot water as well as a hot shower can be helpful. In these pains, the use of analgesics such as acetaminophen, as well as anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs such as various NSAIDs are usually useful. In addition, you can use massage therapy, meditation and acupuncture.
In what cases should we see a doctor?
Tell your doctor immediately or go to the nearest medical center if your pain is accompanied by one or more of the following manifestations:
- Chest pain
- urinary incontinence
- Muscle weakness
- The pain is getting worse
- numbness and tingling in the limbs
The Final word:
Muscle aches and pains are among the pains that anyone can experience at any time of life.
Holding a painful limb up
Use a cold compress and bandage the limb
Use of anti-inflammatory drugs and OTC drugs
If you have chronic muscle pain or very severe pain that is getting worse and has prevented, you from doing daily activities. In these cases, it is best to consult your doctor immediately.