Uterine fibroid is the most common mass of the female reproductive system in the world, uterine fibroids have other names:
Uterine fibroma, myomas or leiomas, leiomyomas or myomas are other titles of benign and non-cancerous mass of the female reproductive system. Many cases of uterine fibroids are discovered accidentally during a pelvic examination.
In the following, after a brief review of the structure of fibroids and its clinical signs, we will explain the causes of uterine fibroids. By reading this article, you will get the answer to the common question of what causes uterine fibroids.
Symptoms of fibroids or uterine fibroids
These symptoms include:
- Feeling full in the lower abdomen
- Lower back pain
- Painful menstrual cycles
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Iron deficiency anemia due to heavy bleeding
- Intermediate bleeding
- Painful intercourse
It is interesting to know that more than eighty percent of women under the age of 50 have uterine fibroids, many of whom have no clinical symptoms. It is true that uterine fibroids almost never become malignant or cancerous, but by occupying the wall of the uterus it can prevent the implantation of the fetus and cause severe bleeding and anemia in women. Identifying and treating problematic cases is essential.
What are uterine fibroids?
Fibroids, or leiomyomas or uterine fibroids, are a hard, compact mass formed by the growth and proliferation of smooth muscle in the uterine wall (myometrium) and a cell called fibroblasts.
In this mass there is a matrix (scaffold) which contains collagen, fibronectin and proteoglycans. The matrix is surrounded by a thin capsule composed of compressed muscle fibers.
Why is uterine fibroids formed?
There is a genetic predisposition to uterine fibroids. In addition to this genetic predisposition, two female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, play a role in its development.
Fibroids are seen in women before menopause because they grow during puberty and pregnancy under the influence of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) and after reaching menopause or childbirth, following a decrease in the level of these hormones, they decrease in size.
The role of female hormones in fibroids
Although not all of the causes of uterine fibroids are known, the role of the two female hormones estrogen and progesterone is very prominent.
It is known that the tissue of the uterine wall is stimulated to grow under the influence of these hormones. The number of receptors for estrogen and progesterone in a normal person without fibroids is less than the number of receptors for these hormones in a person with fibroids.
In other words, this genetic difference in the number of receptors can well increase the chances of developing fibroids by stimulating the cells of the uterine wall.
In whom are uterine fibroids more common?
In addition to the above, the following factors also increase the chances of developing fibroids:
- Genetic talent
- Family history of uterine fibroids
- Girls whose mothers have uterine fibroids are three times more likely to develop uterine fibroids than the normal population
- Obesity and overweight: Obese women will develop uterine fibroids two to three times more often than the normal population
- Age: This benign uterine tumor is more common in those over 30 years of age, the closer a person gets to menopause, the more likely they are to develop uterine fibroids, and after menopause, uterine fibroids begin to shrink due to a lack of female hormones.
- High blood pressure
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Race: Uterine fibroids are more common among African-American women than European or Asian races.
Prevention of uterine fibroids
You can reduce your risk of developing fibroids by making changes to your daily routine:
- Eat a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables and reduce your intake of fast foods and fatty foods.
- Smoke cessation
- Avoid alcoholic beverages
- Take vitamin D3 as standard
- Blood pressure control
- Maintain weight balanced and avoid obesity
- Estrogen level control:
High estrogen is one of the factors that cause the formation of uterine fibroids. Consumption of the following foods increases estrogen levels:
- Bread and pasta made from white flour without fiber
- White rice
- Cakes and sweet biscuits
Limit the use of such substances as much as possible.