The recommendation of reputable scientific authorities for people who have survived a stroke is to do aerobic exercises, three to seven days a week for twenty to sixty minutes. In the following our doctors tell you what exercise the best for stroke patients is
By reading this article, you will learn how to do and duration of exercise after a stroke
Exercises for stroke patients
Stroke can reduce your physical strength and ability to perform exercises. On the other hand, stroke and the resulting disabilities such as movement problems, speech disorders, etc. may cause the person who survived the stroke cannot work as he did in the past. Follow and do his daily chores
All of these events can lead to depression after a stroke. Depression itself will reduce the motivation to exercise.
This is how a vicious cycle is formed
The more physically active a person is, the more depression and the cardiovascular condition that led to the stroke will worsen. Exacerbating depression and worsening cardiovascular conditions will certainly increase the likelihood of further strokes and disabilities.
Physical benefits of post-stroke activity
There are three main benefits to being physically active:
- Reduce risk of stroke factors by controlling weight, controlling fat and blood sugar, In addition to controlling risk factors, heart health also increases and heart attacks decrease.
- Regular exercise will significantly improve the quality of life of stroke survivors.
- Proper use of muscles will prevent skeletal problems and osteoporosis. In other words, with exercise, the normal function of the skeletal system will be maintained.
Important points in doing exercise for stroke patient
Before starting exercise, pay attention to the following points in stroke survivors:
- Physical onset of activity and exercise after stroke should not be done arbitrarily
- Survivors of stroke should be monitored by a specialized treatment and care team
- First, an accurate history must be taken and a complete medical examination of these people must be performed.
- Essential equipment such as handrails or harnesses should be provided before exercise if necessary.
What exercises are recommended for stroke survivors?
Reputable professional guidelines recommend that these people perform aerobic exercises such as walking, following a schedule.
Three days to seven days a week:
Twenty to sixty minutes every day (at least twenty minutes)
They can do this in ten minute intervals
On the other hand, most people suffer from weakness of limbs and muscles of limbs after stroke. According to the doctor’s advice and with the support of a specialized rehabilitation team, these people can use light weights or a treatment team to restore the strength and power of their muscles. Use appropriate specialized solutions.
In general, these measures are called strength training
Important points in strength training
The following points should be considered about strength training:
These movements should be done at least two or three days a week
Each of these movements should include seven to ten separate exercises for the core and major muscles of the body.
Do not forget that the body has little flexibility after stroke, and this decrease in flexibility can make simple movements of the arms and legs really difficult, so we must be patient in attending rehabilitation sessions, and to regain muscle strength strength training should be done must be two or three days a week after aerobics.
On the other hand, many people have problems in maintaining balance after stroke and the possibility of falling between people will be high. There are special movements to correct this problem called balance or coordination exercises and it is better to do it two or three times a week.
Rehab exercises for stroke survivors
Performing the following movements is appropriate to achieve the following goals after the stroke:
- Improve strength
- Improve range of motion
- Improve endurance
- Help improve balance problems
The following exercises are often used by doctors around the world to rehabilitate people after a stroke:
Exercises after a stroke for the legs:
- Knee stretching exercises:
Sit on a chair, raise your left leg, do not have to hold too much, then lower your foot and place it on the floor, and repeat the same movement for your other leg.
Do this movement ten times for each leg
Sit on a chair, bring your knees up to your chest, now return your foot to its original position and lie on the floor, doing the same movement with the other leg.
Repeat this movement ten times for each leg.
Sit on a chair. Put your injured ankle on the thigh of the other foot and grab the sole of the foot and move it back and forth. You can also use the other hand to move back and forth.
Repeat this exercise ten times
- Rehabilitation exercises to improve balance and maintain balance:
With these movements, you will be able to stand better and walk without falling. All the movements that you observe in this article must be done with the approval of a doctor and the supervision of a physiotherapist.
- Trunk rotation:
Sit and place both hands on one thigh and gently rotate your torso in that direction. Now change the position of the hand and place it on the other thigh and gently rotate the torso towards it.
Do this movement without pain
- Attach the knee to the chest:
Lie on your back, knees to one side with your hands towards your chest and press on your chest.
- Finger tapping
While lying on your back, raise both feet and bend at the knee ninety degrees. Now bring one of the legs down, place it on the floor, and tap the floor with your fingers.
Repeat this movement with the other leg ten times on each side
- Movements to rehabilitate the hand:
They help you to regain the delicate movements of your hand
- Rotational movements on the table:
Take a bottle of water and lock your fingers around it. Now move the bottle in a circular motion on the table, move slowly.
- Weightlifting with hands without weights:
Sit down and place your elbows on the table and bend at ninety degrees, you can hold a bottle of water and in this case bend your hands and straighten on the forearm.
- Open Holder:
Sit down and hold a bottle of water in one hand, stick your elbows on either side of your body, Bend the elbow ninety degrees. Now move your hands away from your body in the same position with the elbow bent ninety degrees and clinging to your body.
Shoulder exercises after stroke
Shoulder exercises in people after a stroke will play an important role in preventing you from getting frozen shoulder:
- Push the water bottle around the table:
Place the water bottle on the table, try to push the bottle with the back of your hand and push the bottle from one side of the table to the other without raising the shoulder.
Do this exercise five times for each shoulder.
- Push the water bottle forward on the table:
Now push the bottle forward with your fist without raising your shoulder.
This movement is done five times for each side.
- Weight bearing by the shoulder:
Sit on a firm surface and lean on your shoulder with the palm of your hand on a level surface. Raise the opposite leg slightly, being careful not to drop your entire weight on the shoulder.
If you can hold this position for ten seconds, stop exercising whenever pain is felt
Post-stroke exercises for the wrist
Bend your wrist with the palm of your other hand
This movement should be stopped in case of pain and the pressure should not continue.
Repeat five times on each side.
- Side movements of the wrist:
Place your injured palm on the table, move your hand on the table to the right and left with your other hand without moving your wrist.
- Weigh with your wrists:
Put your elbow on the table and take a bottle of water and hold it in the same hand, now try with the other hand to bend the hand that has the bottle up and then put it on the table.
You can repeat this movement up to ten times.
- Rotate the bottle in the palm of your hand:
Place the water bottle on the palm of one hand. Now push the bottle towards your fingers and then try to return it to the first place with your fingers.
Repeat this movement ten times.
Rehabilitation movements for serious and severe injuries
The following two rehabilitation exercises are recommended in cases of severe paralysis and disability:
- Turn your hand upside down:
Place the paralyzed and disabled palm on the table. Now, with the help of a healthy hand, gently turn the disabled hand upside down.
This can be repeated up to ten times.
- Rotate aside:
Lie on your back, bend your legs ninety degrees from your knees. Now gently pull the bent knees to one side until they reach the ground. Now slowly return the knees to their original position and repeat the same with the opposite side.
Do not forget that all the above movements must be performed in the presence of a physiotherapist and at the discretion of the examining physician.
Avoid doing it arbitrarily and without the presence of a specialist and a.