If you have endometriosis, you need to know that pelvic pain is the most common clinical sign of endometriosis, everything that is available to relieve pain caused by endometriosis will be introduced in this article. Read on to find out the best medicine to relieve the pain and discomfort of endometriosis.
What is endometriosis?
The formation of tissue similar to the tissue of the uterine endometrium outside the uterus is called endometriosis.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis?
Clinical diagnosis of endometriosis is a difficult task, so it is better to know their symptoms well:
- Painful menstruation or dysmenorrhea
- Pelvic pain that can be severe
- Pain during intercourse (dyspareunia)
- Heavy and difficult menstruation
During menstruation, endometriosis tissue grows, which is similar to uterine tissue, and with the onset of menstruation and the collapse of the uterine wall in the first cycle, endometriosis tissue also changes and breaks down, But it has no place to get out, it stays in the pelvis and stimulates the surrounding organs.
Treatment of endometriosis
- 1. Drug treatments for endometriosis
- 2. surgical treatments of endometriosis
In this article, we will introduce a variety of drug options in the treatment of endometriosis and introduce the best option to eliminate endometriosis pain.
Medications to treat endometriosis and reduce pain and discomfort:
Painkillers in endometriosis:
When there is mild or tolerable pain, it is helpful to use common painkillers, such as nsaids. You can use the following medications to relieve the pain of endometriosis:
- Ibuprofen or Advil
- Mefenamic acid (Ponstan)
These relieve inflammation and pain by reducing the production of inflammatory substances (prostaglandins).
Sometimes the pain of endometriosis becomes severe and intolerable. In these cases, your doctor may use narcotics to relieve severe pain. These drugs should be taken only as prescribed by your doctor and for a short time. Long-term use of these drugs can be addictive.
One of these drugs is called Orilissa:
Your doctor will use this medicine to reduce and eliminate the pain of your endometriosis during menstruation or sexual intercourse. It is emphasized that this medicine should only be taken with a doctor’s prescription.
Codeine-based painkillers are also one of these drugs, codeine can cause constipation and increase abdominal and pelvic pain and discomfort.
Apart from painkillers, the following medications are used to treat endometriosis, and your doctor will use one or more of them depending on your condition:
Hormone treatments in endometriosis:
Estrogen has a direct effect on the growth of endometriosis and the appearance of pain and its symptoms, therefor hormone therapies are needed to reduce the growth and spread of your endometriosis. These treatments are of different types:
- Birth control pills:
These pills reduce the growth of endometriosis, these pills will help you reduce your menstrual pain, have a light period and regulate your menstrual cycle. Flatulence, weight gain, intermenstrual bleeding and … are among the side effects of these pills. By stopping these drugs, it will be possible for painful, hard and heavy menstruation to return.
- Progesterone-Progestin Compounds:
Treatment with these compounds can cause a complete cessation of menstruation, and prevent the growth and expansion of endometriosis tissues. With the discontinuation of this class of drugs, it may take months for your menstrual period to return. There are different types of this category that your doctor will prescribe the appropriate type according to your condition. The side effects of this category are:
- Weight Gain
- Irregular bleeding
- Mood swings
- Headache and dizziness
- GNRH inhibitors:
By inhibiting this hormone, estrogen production is significantly reduced and as a result, the growth and spread of endometriosis is reduced. These drugs are temporary and will not be prescribed for a long time. Depending on your doctor, you can use nasal spray, daily or monthly injections, this medication is often used for only six months, you may experience symptoms such as menopause, hot flashes, mood swings, insomnia, and thinning of the skin, but by stopping the medication, all the symptoms will go away.
- Androgenic drugs:
Androgenic drugs (male hormones) are sometimes used to reduce the production of female hormones in the ovaries.
One of these drugs is called danazol. These drugs will not be the first line of treatment for endometriosis due to their side effects. This drug will not be prescribed at all if you are likely to become pregnant.
Doctors recommend that if you are planning to become pregnant, be sure to tell your doctor not to use hormonal methods to treat your endometriosis.
Appropriate treatments to reduce pain and relieve pain and discomfort of endometriosis
- Eat lots of vegetables
- Include omega-3 foods in your diet.
- Limit the consumption of harmful fats
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Drink less caffeinated beverages
- Be sure to talk to your doctor about flaxseed and soybeans
- Do not consume high-fat dairy, red meat and fast foods and salted meats.
Physical activity releases the intrinsic body morphine which is endorphins, and reduces your pain and discomfort.
- Sit in a hot tub or bathtub for a few minutes.
- Use a warm compress to relieve the pain of endometriosis.
- Use common painkillers such as ibuprofen and mefenamic acid.
- TENS machin
- Drink plenty of water and keep yourself hydrated. Drinking water helps to improve blood circulation, continuous blood flow will wash away inflammatory substances and pain from your pelvis.