When it comes to breast masses, there is a lot of worry and stress for women.
The presence of swelling and increase in thickness in breast tissue is called breast mass, any swelling and breast mass will not indicate malignancy and cancer, so do not worry and carefully read more.
We will say that there are lumps in the breast that can be considered benign and normal.
What kind of lumps are normal in breasts?
In the following, we will talk more about the answers to the above question. If you want to know about normal masses and benign breast tumors, read in the following.
Why do benign breast tumors occur?
Breasts in women are constantly exposed to hormones.
There are permanent hormonal changes in women. These are the changes that cause the breast tissue to become sensitive and the breasts to tighten during pregnancy or before the onset of menstrual bleeding.
Doctors believe that in any part of the breast, there is a possibility of benign tumors or normal breast mass.
Benign tumors are caused by a variety of causes, such as hormonal changes, breast trauma, breastfeeding, abscesses, and infections.
What is fibrocystic?
In the following, we will describe some types of normal and benign breast masses in women
The most common normal and benign mass in women’s breasts:
Doctors consider fibrocystic changes to be the most common benign disorder in women’s breasts
These changes are not considered a disease but are called benign breast disorders. The breasts and mammary glands may overreact to altered hormones during ovulation, causing swelling and lumps.
Doctors say fibrocystic changes are the most common non-cancerous disorder in women.
What women are more likely to experience these benign changes?
Women of childbearing age, about 20 to 50 years old, are more prone to these changes due to changes in reproductive hormones before menopause.
Doctors say these changes sometimes occur and usually go away after menopause, so don’t worry.
These changes cause pain in the chest and appear as multiple lumps in both breasts or one of the breasts of young women.
Doctors say that breast pain most of the time will not be due to cancerous tumors and will be due to these fibrocystic changes, but be sure to get medical examination first and avoid arbitrary treatments.
Fibrocystic changes will be controlled with simple medications and the pain will be relieved. In the presence of these benign masses and more pain, more specialized measures will be taken by your doctor to treat you.
If there is a tumor and swelling of the breast, in the first place, it causes fear and anxiety in the affected person. If you see and encounter any kind of mass and swelling or there is discharge from the nipples, you must be examined by a doctor.
Types of benign breast masses
You will read about some types of benign lumps in the breast below:
- Breast fibroadenomas:
They are firm breast masses that most of the patients are young women
Fibro adenomas are less likely to become malignant. There is a type of breast mass called a phyllodes that may become malignant.
Large fibroadenomas need to be examined and sampled
If a person has a breast fibroadenoma up to one centimeter in size, it should be followed up under a doctor’s supervision, and if it has grown over two years or is more than three centimeters in size from the beginning, the mass should be removed by outpatient mammotomy.
If you also have fibroadenoma, you should be followed up by your doctor.
Breast surgeons say that fibroadenoma of the breast occurs in young women, and young women often have dense breast tissue. These women with fibroadenoma should have two breast ultrasounds a year so that the doctor can closely monitor their benign breast mass.
- Simple breast cysts:
These simple and benign cysts are also very common in women.
Young women are more likely to develop simple breast cysts.
Sometimes, if these cysts are palpable and painful to the hand, doctors drain the contents of the cyst with a special, thin needle and send the sample to a pathologist to make sure of the contents.
If there is a cyst in the breast that has a thick and irregular wall and there is a lateral mass inside or the contents are not clear, there is a possibility of malignancy.
Depending on the circumstances, measures such as short-distance follow-ups and etc. are used.
Thick-walled cysts with opaque contents or the presence of solid contents inside the cyst are no longer simple cysts, and doctors call them complex mystics o complicated
Simple cysts will never become malignant, and breast ultrasound in young women can determine the characteristics of the cyst. Simple and benign cysts do not need treatment unless they become symptomatic.
What are the symptoms of benign breast lumps?
These lumps are usually easily felt on the skin. Although these lumps are benign, they cause changes in the surrounding tissue, such as:
- Breast pain
- Breast swelling
- Pain in the nipple
- Discharge from the breast
But remember that with any of the above symptoms that you encounter, you should first be examined by a doctor, because breast cancers can also manifest with breast mass and secretion.
The doctor uses the following methods to diagnose benign and harmless breast masses:
Examining the person’s history and family history
Use of ultrasound or mammography or MRI (as appropriate)
Evaluation of nipple discharge by sending a sample of discharge to the pathology to examine the cells
Biopsy of suspicious tissue
What is the treatment for benign breast masses?
Women with benign breast changes and a low risk of malignancy should have an annual clinical examination in the office and mammography. Women with fibroadenoma and breast cysts and… must see a doctor
If you have a benign breast disease that is moderately likely to become malignant or if you have a benign breast disease or mass that is less likely to develop malignancy but have a family history of breast, uterine, and ovarian cancers, you should have regular follow-up with your doctor.
What can we do to reduce the risk of benign breast lumps?
Lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of breast changes, for example:
- Do not have hormone therapy
- Do not take hormonal medications without a doctor’s prescription
- Keep your weight in balance
- Don’t smoke
- Limit alcohol too much
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid fatty and processed foods and fast foods
- Avoid sweets and desserts
Medications can be used to treat benign changes in the breast tissue. The medication should only be prescribed by your doctor. Avoid taking drugs arbitrarily and without a prescription because improper use of the medications themselves can cause malignant changes in the breast.