If you have recently had LASIK or LASIK surgery to correct the refractive errors of your eye and your vision
If you want to get acquainted with post-surgery care for refractive errors such as LASEK and LASIK.
If you want to know what to do with the things that get into your eyes after LASIK?
If you want to know what to do after LASIK with dust and things that accidentally enter the eye?
Refractive error correction surgeries
Laser surgery to correct refractive errors caused by corneal surface problems is called refractive surgery.
Some of these surgeries are followed by corrected stigmatism and myopathy, and you can enjoy seeing the world without the need for glasses with thick and heavy lenses.
But special care is definitely required before and after LASIK, LASIK and PRK.
What is LASIK?
It is a type of PRK surgery in which stigmatism, myopia and hyperopia are corrected.
In fact, it is necessary to choose a combination of LASIK and PRK.
Some people do not have the condition to have LASIK, they have a thin cornea and cannot tolerate LASIK. In these people, LASIK is the surgical method of choice to correct the refractive errors of their abdomen.
The laser used in LASEK is an excimer laser, which radiates to the eye and makes corrections in the cornea that, as a result of these changes, you can see without glasses.
What differentiates LASIK from LASIK and PRK is said to be the difference in corneal preparation for excimer laser.
The removal of glasses is really enjoyable for people who need glasses all the time. After repairing the cornea after LASEK, you will have a very clear vision.
What happens during LASEK?
Only the superficial layer of the cornea will be separated from the feeding layer below it, the corneal stroma. In LASEK, the surgeon transfers a very thin incision from the surface layer of the cornea or corneal epithelium to one side of the cornea, the laser beam is then shone on the eye. And now, after the laser irradiation, a thin epithelial tissue is placed on the surface of the eye to cover the corneal stroma. A sterile contact lens is placed on the site that acts as dressing of a wound to help hold the epithelial flap in place and repair the incision.
What care is needed before LASEK?
You should not wear contact lenses one week before your surgery. People with hard contact lenses should avoid using them for three to four weeks before surgery.
At the clinic, your doctor will have a thorough and accurate assessment of your eye health.
You will be examined with a slit lamp; eye pressure will be measured and Eyeball movements are examined.
The back of the eye or retina is examined after a pupil dilator or so-called mydriatic drop.
Accurate examination of refractive error, determination of eye number and amount and intensity of vision is performed.
What corneal examinations are performed?
Corneal examinations and examinations will be performed, which will include the following:
- Corneal topography
- Keratoconus is evaluated
- Irregular astigmatism is assessed.
- Corneal thickness is measured and recorded.
- An accurate optical map of the corneal surface is obtained by the surgeon.
Be sure to take a bath the day before the operation and wash the edges of your eyelids with a mild baby shampoo.
Do not wear any makeup, do not use perfume or cologne on the day of surgery because the laser device is sensitive to odors.
Eyelid and eyelash trimming is prohibited.
Be sure to eat a light meal before surgery.
Be sure to have a companion on the day of surgery.
What is the postoperative care of LASEK?
Your vision may be blurred immediately afterwards. Do not be afraid, it is completely normal and know that in the next two to three weeks you will find a clear vision.
When sleeping and exercising for the first week after surgery, wear eye glasses or a protective shield to prevent anything from entering your eyes.
In a few cases, you may find that the Bandage lenses is protruding from your eye. Do not be afraid. close your eyes and call your doctor. Avoid touching and manipulating the Bandage lenses separately.
limit Doing things like work with your phone, tablet and computer and watching TV in the first week as they can be annoying.
For the first few days to a few weeks after LASIK, you will be sensitive to light. Wear sunglasses indoors and outdoors.
Driving should not be done in the first two weeks after LASIK.
You should not wash or rinse your eyes until your Bandage lenses is removed by your doctor.
Removal of the Bandage lenses is usually done four days after LASIK surgery. Before this period, bathing should be from the neck down.
Avoid eye makeup for the first two to four weeks.
The use of contact lenses is prohibited for up to three months after LASEK.
For the first two weeks, do not smoke because they have a strong ability to irritate and contaminate the operated cornea in the air and dust.
If you have tears in the first few days, if in the first few days after LASIK there is a feeling of foreign body and sand in your eyes, do not worry. When the cornea is completely repaired, these problems will be eliminated. Use the prescribed eye drops.
Dry eyes will be temporary. Use artificial tears and blink regularly so that these side effects do not bother you. Over time, everything will improve.
It is forbidden to go to the pool until three weeks after LASEK, and after this period, it is necessary to use swimming goggles.
Breastfeeding is prohibited until at least the first three months after LASIK.
For at least the first two months after LASIK, heavy sports such as boxing, stretching, and weightlifting are prohibited.
If in the first few days after the operation, something inadvertently enters your eye or your eye is irritated by dust and air pollution, tell your doctor immediately without touching anything.
For the first four days after LASIK, avoid applying water to the eyes separately. You can wipe the rest of your face with a wet towel, but no water should come into contact with your eyes and seriously avoid rubbing your eyes.